Isfahan: history in architecture
The whole story of Iran is the history of the battles and battles of noble knights and commander in the endless expanses of Iranian civilization in the name of survival and preservation of culture and ancient civilization.
In various corners of this extensive space, you can meet evidence of brave warriors for the preservation and expansion of the country’s limits. Takes on their exploits, decorated the history of the country, were transmitted from generation to generation, from person to man.
In this row, the city of Isfahan occupies a special place, which for centuries was the heart of the Iranian land. Isfahan – the majestic hail of it. Luxurious shaft palaces, high dome of mosques and harmonious buildings of the madrasa, framed by shady alleys and fragrant gardens, are a wonderful sample of the incarnation of science and religion, which speaks for himself.
Consider this city with a priority means constantly surprising and admiring, first of all, the preservation of its architecture.
Gardens and corners of green nature, scattered around the city and filling it with their fragrance, make a journey through Isfagan joyful for any traveler. In this city, a person is resting soul.
In all historical epochs, the name of Isfagan invariably shone on the era srices. The man who travels through the depths of the history of his country accompany the memories of the battle of the Nadadershah Afsha with Mohammad-Shah Indian, the struggle of Sefavid Shaha Ismail with Khan Uzbek and other events, reported to our time in the images on the stone (historians confirm the accuracy of these images).
Isfahan, surrounded by the cities of Ardestan, Mahallat, Abad and Nadzafabad, is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, and its historical monuments are in one row with the most rare and unique monuments of Iran’s history.
Residents of this stretching on a large square of the city (it is even called because of this "Polimyr") Almost everything as one has a wonderful sense of humor, energetic, initiative, endowed with great artistic taste. Using the natural resources available here, the minerals and waters of the River Zyuland, they have achieved great success in agriculture and mining industry.
River Zyanda, flowing in this city, is an image of beauty and a symbol of love and sincerity. With its current reflecting all the colors of the rainbow waves on turns, as well as the famous 33 bridges, the Hadju bridge and others. She causes unique joy in the hearts of tourists coming from around the world and from the other ends of Iran to enjoy this spectacle.
It is said that Sheikh Lotfolla Khan in the days of Sefavid Shah Ismail divided the waters of the River Zyanda, originating from the Zardykuh (Yellow Mountain), in order to keep her greens, quenching the waters of the world.
About 800 villages dug out the tap channels from this full-flower river to drink their fields and arable land and extend the life of civilization on this earth. This river is so full that its name has been transformed from Zarrin Rud (Golden River) and Zende Rud (Living River) in Zyanda Rud (River River).
33 bridges with thirty three lumens were built in 1011 g. on Hijra Allaverdi Khan on the orders of Sefavid Shah Abbas I. Their length is 300 m, and width – 14 m. In their architectural solution, brick and SUGJA are applied (lime solution with ash). A somewhat gone from this construction is the Hajj Bridge, built by Shah Abbas II in 1060. By hijra. Its length is 132 m, and width -12 m. This bridge from the point of view of finishing with tiles and architectural grace has no equal.
The oldest bridge of Isfagan – the Bridge of Shaganttan, – which is also located on the River Igganda, will be from the Hajj bridge for 3 km. It was laid during the Sasanids, and was completed at Dealymes and Selzhuki – Dah. You can also note the bridges of Calle and Markan, who are also narrated about the ancient history of this region, about how the lifeful water flows from the River Zyyany revived widely sprawled meadows and the fields of Isfagan.
At the entrance to Isfahan, the view of the traveler is attracted to themselves the area of Imam, the building Ali-Kapa, Sheikh’s Mosque, the Mosque of Imam and spread around the bazaar. Having drove this part of the city, Guest sees in front of him bridges of the River Zyyanda, famous Isfahan minarets, in particular swinging minarets, Minaret Sarvan, Minarets of Ali Mosque, Sheikh Mosque, Lestepolla and Cathedral Mosque, as well as dozens of other architectural monuments, admoniming which delivers joy and true pleasure connoisseurs of art and simple tourists. Probably there is no such person who would have enough one trip to this city, in this treasury of architectural beauty of antiquity.
Street streets and confused alums of Isfagan seek the story of antiquity of civilization, crushed roots in this city.
According to historians, the ancient Jews called this city "Ilmania" or "Ilam", What meant "Pars", or "Persian". It is said that Persian Kiyomars became the first Padishah Iran and began to expand the territorial borders of his state – Parfia – precisely from Isfagan (Ilama).
The history of the city of Isfagan, surviving the ancient Jews, Pish Dadidov, Seldzhukides, Bunds, Sasanidov and Sefavidov, begins in the third millennium BC. The tradition relates the appearance of this city to the period, for 1000 years older than the uprising of Cave-Blacksmith (Hero "Shakhname") Against Tirana Zohota Mardushe, who belonged to the Ph.D.
Some historians include the emergence of this city to the era of Tahmurs, the third Padishah dynasty of the first stage pischdadids. It should be noted that the Arabs called this city of Abu-Li Mo Luk (Father Kings).
Be that as it may, it does not doubt the fact that anyone who built this city, he possessed knowledge and wisdom, talent and skill. He undoubtedly took into account the quality of land, climate, the proximity of the river and other geographical features of this area.
In 1006 g. on hijra, at the eleventh year of the board of Sefavid Shah Ismail, this city became the capital. Shah Ismail chose his place of stay because of the natural beauty of this city. At the same time, a new town planning plan was implemented, agriculture and all agriculture were revived, as well as the urban life of Isfagan, which have achieved great progress by the standards of that era.
Isfahan praises in a variety of poems and songs on Persian, Arabic and Turkic languages, although this city itself is the song of history, recorded on paper with the pen of historians. Monuments remaining from the past epochs are decorated with both pages of history and poetic assemblies of poets.
Pearl room, that is, the hall, the basement with the pool which is decorated with gilding and precious stones, is also called "House Ashrafa", Since there lived Ashraf Afghan. This building is a collection of architectural beauties.
I would also like to celebrate the building "40 columns" With a magnificent hall, the ceiling of which is separated by mirrors, and the folding four of the twenty columns serve as large stone boulders, on the sides of which images of lions are carved with a lush mane. The pool located between these four columns is made of marble, and the water poured into it through the mouth of stone lions.
Behind the building "40 columns" Located a summer pavilion, which is a beautiful hall with a high gilded ceiling, which depicts some of the Shakhovid dynasty Shakhov, most of which, judging by historical evidence, are very accurate. In particular, it is possible to note the battle scenes mentioned at the beginning of this essay with the participation of Shah Ismail and Naders-Shaha.
This is one of the most interesting and most attractive historical places of Isfagan, which fascinates every visitor along with him on the field of Brahi Iranian Shakhov.
Actually, Isfahan himself can be called "City architecture", For at every step, in each of his alley and street, you can find what remains from some wonderful building, pavilion or another architectural masterpiece, attached from people’s views. Each building bears mention of famous historical faces.
Among the historic buildings of this city, you can allocate a Friday mosque, which is wonderful with its skilled decorations and a place of night pallops with massive columns decorated with stucco. Historians include the construction of this mosque to the Epoch of Deylamites. Next to the mosque is the mausoleum of Majles.
Isfahan is a city in which a priority and first printing house appeared for the first time in Iran. This is the cradle of Iranian science. Of course, this question should be studied more closely, but the two aspects of this city are immediately striking – political and religious and historical and cultural.
As for the political and religious aspect, the abundance of mosques, monarchical structures and minarets grown to heaven speaks for itself. The fact that churches and synagogues of Religious minorities of Iran are located in this city, testifies to religious and political freedom in this region, which was respected from a long time and exists now.
From a historical and cultural point of view, the existence of famous bridges, quarters, famous gates, preserved since the times of Ilama and Pishdadidov, as well as ancient clinox works indicates a historical and cultural cycle in this city.
At first glance, it seems that Madrasa "Chahar Bag" (Four Garden), built during the time of Sefavid Shah Sultan Hussein, is the door of the Stone of Gem Persted History. This is a madrasa one of the most majestic and beautiful in all Iran.
The first Iranian typography was created in the south-west of Isfagan in the Church of Vanak, in the area of Julf. The sacred gospel was printed here for the first time. In the same area there are famous churches. Akopa, St. George and Virgin Mary.
As Some historians write, the name of Isfahan Julphs comes from Azerbaijani Julphs: Shah Ismail settled in Isfagan artisans from Azerbaijani Julph to revitalize culture and artistic work.
This city, which is in favorable climatic conditions and has such wonderful modern hotels like Shah Abbas, Isfahan, Iran-Tour, Syrus and Casry, natural attractions (Ross Jib, Waterfall, River Zyanda, Gardens and Parks) and architectural monuments, constantly accepts Guests from all Iran and from other countries of the world.
In the view and in the voice of Isfaughans feels a friend and love. Their caressing rumor is a local speech as sweet as the famous Isfahanskaya "Gygg" (kind of sweets), which is the best hotel from this city and the decoration of the table of all Iranians.
This city is proud of its skillful chasters.mosaists, enamers, masters on tiles and others. From farm crops, cultivated here, you can note wheat, barley, peas "Mash", lentil, rice and peas, as well as other legumes, corn, flax and other cultures that fully ensure the needs of the region. Cotton, tobacco, which grown well grow in a local moderate climate is sold from growing agricultural products.
Taking into account the fact that a large metallurgical plant is built here and operated the sulfur, stone coal deposits, iron ore, lead and antimony, we can say that this city literally stands on minerals. It is necessary not to regret the efforts to develop and use this given from the God of wealth.
In the old days in Isfahan was 14 gates – Marunan, Ce Pelle, Amiaran, Chahar-ru, Dar-Dasht, Tugchi, Giuzdan, Bidabad, Jouibar, Seyad Ahmadiyan, Keran, Kall, Laja and Chahar-Bag. The walls covered all the entrances to the city from all four sides, and at the moment they turned into separate city blocks.
Famous Isfaughter Mountains are called Suffe and Frames, which, as claimed, are salaries.
I should not forget Isfahan, because part of the story is resting. It should be done so that this city is heard even in the most remote ends of the world, so that tourists learned about him and came to the city of the first Iranian Padishah, to the capital of the Pishdadid and Sefvi dynasty.