It is necessary to live simply. Like river

Heat, as in the steam room, but it does not bother anyone. Knowing here – the case is familiar as frost in Russia. Thousands of people, do not regret voice ligaments, shout ancient prayer at the moment when a slender girl ("Virgin!" – I whisper to me a neighbor in the crowd) throws Oshun watermelon seeds and pieces of meat just a scored goat.

-May the goddess Oshun helps us! – exclaimed praying, and each in this exciting moment mentally expresses its most intimate desires. This great moment is a meeting with the goddess, which in response to generous gifts can do everything for their people. After all, it has been guarding the people of Yoruba for many centuries, living in the southwest Nigeria, from diseases, misfortune, hunger and wars.

Coloring ceremony, annually collecting human crowds on the shores of the river Oshun, undoubtedly pagan. But among the gathered approximately, the adherents of two monotheistic religions are presented – Islam and Christianity. However, they did not interrupt the umbilical cord bonding them with the beliefs of the ancestors. Return to Oshun, as a return to the origins, helps Yoruba to maintain its identity. Living in the most populated African country crushed by oppressive poverty, filled with blood unlucky inter-ethnic conflicts, tormented by AIDS, malaria and other serious illnesses, they experience an acute need to pay prayers to the gods of the ancestors that included in their minds with Mother’s Milk. And then the same Eastovo commit a prayer rite in mosques and churches.

A 25-year-old Christian Calopod Vale first made a pilgrimage to the shores of Oshun 12 years ago, after the boy was still forced to throw a school – parents on poverty could not pay for study. "I found himself then in a dead end, there was no way out, "he says. – And then the legs themselves brought me here. Having lost on his knees, I cried in despair to the goddess about help, and, you know, she really helped me".

Holiday, referred to "Oshinsky Water Festival", lasts a week. She did not have time to expire, as one eminent tailor approached Calopo, and unexpectedly, he suggested him, almost a tramp, to work with his apprentice. Years have passed, a diligent guy mastered the Portnovsky craft, opened his own business and continues to come here every year here – thanks the goddess for the help and asks further prosperity, let the most modest.

Despite the influence of Western civilization, which has long penetrated Africa, Yoruba will value with its original culture and lifestyle, organic precisely for these geographic latitudes and help them feel like a single people. In the depths of the centuries, for example, the custom is dyed for Europeans to bury dead households within their homes. The Christian rite of funeral in the cemetery was introduced in the country back in 1840, but never got caught. Like Muslim.

In vain, the priests intimidated by Nigerians because there is no salvation outside the cemetery fence, and those who are buried at home will be forgotten at the time of the second coming. Without joining a theological dispute, they nevertheless stubbornly stubbornly, that a person who behaved a virtuous life always deducts the road to heaven regardless of the burial place.

So it happened, Nigerians are convinced that living guard the dead, and the dead – alive, and better to keep them together, under one roof. It should be noted that this custom exists in the three leading nationalities Nigeria: Yoruba, in the south-west of the country, Haus Fulani – in the north and the igboo – in the East. Hubbara – "Mogila" In the House of Haus – the famous Osman Dana Fodio (1744-1817), who for four years headed the sacred war of his people, is in his house in Sokhoto and for more than a century and a half serves as a pilgrimage object.

There is another reason for a deep rooting of the pagan funeral rite: some Nigerian sorcerers strive to get different organs of the dead for their magical rituals and therefore tear the graves in cemeteries. As a result, even a strict Catholic church allowed black parishioners to bury their close houses. "We are aware that it would be just a catastrophe not to reckon with the culture and traditions of their flock", – He admitted a member of the secretariat of the Catholic Church of Nigeria Emmanuel Atedayaze Badjo.

To understand Yoruba, it is also necessary to keep in mind that life for them is not only not limited to earthly existence (this dogma is characteristic of many religions), but simultaneously proceeds – spiritually and physically – as if in several dimensions. Otherworld world for them is as real as the surrounding nature.

Trying to comprehend the meaning of this strange self-assumption, I somehow started talking about it with a wonderful Nigerian writer, Nobel Prize Wire Wielinka. This 70-year-old writer himself, a journalist and theatrical figure is an example of two civilizations. His books hit by the unique people’s humor, he writes in magnificent English, but they are built on plots and motifs of African folklore.

Will told me that Yoruba, this intelligent enterprising people with an original old culture, is able to physically feel three main, interconnected areas of existence: the world of living, the world has not yet been born and the world of the dead. And over all these areas, the gods are towering, which will determine the fate and alive, and not born, and the dead.

Did you understand? I, honestly, not very. Probably in order to penetrate such a wisp philosophy, you need to be born yoruba. In their pantheon, 201 deity, each of which has its own range of responsibility, including this or that phenomenon of nature, the life and fate of a person, the world of his feelings.

Many of the gods once themselves were people, so everyone knows about them. Naturally, being in human guise, they were not commoners, but leaders. Therefore, Joruba, just in case, always rewarded to their leaders of the divine honors, seeing the descendants of the great and incomprehensible Odudwa, which is simultaneously the forefather and Ramateria Yoruba, and if you use the European Terminology, – Hermaphrodite.

Having such a pedigree, the leaders possessed the priesthood, led all magical rites, performed by intermediaries in relations with the gods and spirits of the ancestors, the people were protected from all sorts of troubles and misfortunes. One of the main manifestations of the Divine Emanation of the leader was considered his male force, from which the fertility of women was directly depended. Taking into account all these merits, the leaders were frantically brought found gold nuggets, skins killed on the hunt of animals, the first fruits of the new crop.

In this regard, I remember a trip to the Springtime in Ekite County, Province Oo. There at this time was in the midst of the holiday of EPA, celebrated every two years. A great impression was departing at the horse of warrior in full combat equipment and in Mask Aloko (the owner of the forest). It was a complex artistic structure depicting a leopard that jumped up antelope on the back. And on the tail of the leopard, a rooster sat.

"Alcoop – power symbol", – explained the satellite near the elder Yoruba. In general, I understood it myself, because I knew that in the south of Nigeria Leopard, as a lion, horse, bull, eagle and cobra, embodies power. Therefore, I decided to pull extra information from the neighbor – I asked to tell the village of Village. In response, he showed me a fist. I reacted from surprise. "Looks like I blurted something too much. Surely beat?" – Flagled dangerous thought.

But the neighbor reassured – shook the fist again, but this time escorting the gesture. "He is very smart and strong!" – said the elder, explicitly proud of his leader. It turned out that the fist here is shown in the sign of admiration for a person by mighty and authoritative. Then I also showed a fist, denoting that I join his assessment. So mutual understanding comes.

Leader – Figure Removed. However, in his status, at different times, there were moments that seemed controversial. So, a seven-year term of government was installed in the old days in the Kingdom of Ooo for Bale (King). In principle, such a temporary segment for the fulfillment of power is found today. In France, for example, with de Dar, the period of the presidency was also seven-year. Chairman of the Federation Council Sergey Mironov persistently achieves the same for Russia. However, the specifics of the Kingdom of Ooo was that after seven years of the happy rule of the king killed, or demanded that he kill himself, voluntarily.

It is necessary to live simply. Like river

They say it was due to the fact that Joruba needed only strong – physically and intellectual – rulers, and for seven-year-old time they usually wear out. Be that as it may, but such a system has not passed – the reserve of kings is quickly dried.

Personnel problems that have arisen in Ooo with the vengeance are explained, probably the fact that the initial plank was very high. According to legends, the king here the man himself was Shango himself, an amphous god thunder and lightning. Before settleing in the clouds, he walked on Earth something like production practices. He was not only a powerful state-in-law, but also quite cruel – angry, he could kill the subjects, extinguishing the flame from his mouth. "Even peaceful he is too terrible, and when the war hurts him, the enemies and friends are fleeing from him", – Yoruba sing Yoruba.

Moving to the sky, Shango settled in a huge copper shining palace, from where the people abandoned themselves. Especially it is intolerant to those who violated oaths or lies, and pops in the hot stones-zipper. By the way, in some villages still walgorized to those in whose home the fire boom. The owner mourning the burnt house may be in addition and fined for the fact that he was angry with Shango and the heavenly fire on his native village.

In the rainy season in Nigeria from the deafening thunder, the soul can actually go into the heels, and the dazzling lightning sink people dozens. Those who lost their consciousness from her blow, killed in the old days, but did not harbor. It was believed that they may still need Shango to further clarify relationships.

Naturally, no yoruba and today will not dare to raise a voice against the almighty host of thunder and lightning. But you can try to soften his wrath spells. For example, such: "Light wind – Rain Father, / Soft Wind – Shine Father!/ Rain does not wet me today, / he will fold the belongings and go away!". A simple song, but it happened, helped, especially if it was displayed by ringing female voices.

Everyone knows that Shango has its own weakness with all the pagan deities: he loves women. Including – in educational purposes it should be emphasized especially – his wives and will hear good family man. Not by chance in the folklore poem "Shango, God of Lightning and Thunder", His praise with numerous virtues, especially emphasized this dignity: "God, who gives the beauty of his wives, His known".

Becoming fate by God, Shango elevated to the Divine Status and his lifetime wives. By the way, one of three his spouse – Oshun became the master of the same name river carrier in the Atlantic. Unlike his power, hot-tempered husband, she is more compassionate for people and is considered the goddess of fertility. Water of her river, according to a general belief, heal women from infertility, raise patients to feet, bring good luck, provide prosperity and long life.

That is why the Oshinsky Water Festival, from which our story began.

Rimpets women with jugs and plastic bags filled with brownish water, leaving the shore on their heads to bring it to their native focus, and their place is occupied by new victims of happiness. Wrong by their gaze, the local elder named Umuaro says:

– Wonderful gift – this water. You can pray on it, you can drink it, pour into the pelvis when bathing. You can ask for the execution of any desire. But no need to extort more than it is. Yoruba understand this and observe the measure. See how calmly, without fuss, rolls her waves Oshun, open to all and ready to help every needy. We must learn to live as this great river lives.

It is necessary to live simply. Like river

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