Ivanovo — Regional Center in Central Russia, located on the shores of the River. total area — more than 100 kV.km, population — about 405 thousand people. Nearest major cities — Yaroslavl, Kostroma and Vladimir, are about a hundred kilometers from Ivanovo.
The city has several unofficial names of emphasizing its identity: the textile capital of Russia, the city of brides, the birthplace of the first tips. The latter is clearly presented in the toponymy of the city.
Here you can meet the street of militants, the third international, Rabafakovskaya, as well as the streets called in honor of the revolutionaries, natives of these places.
The climate in Ivanovo moderately continental, which is characterized by a long cold winter with a steady snow cover and warm rainy summer, as well as pronounced intersevoy.
For the city, a sharp change of weather conditions is characterized due to the regular passage of cyclones. Prevailing winds — Southern and Western, average annual precipitation — more than 600 mm.
The coldest month — January with an average temperature about -11°C, although frosts are also possible up to -20°C and lower. The warmer month — July, when the air warms up on average to +19°WITH. July is the rainy month when the maximum amount of precipitation falls — 85 mm.
Preferred months to visit Ivanovo can be called May-June and August-September, when a comfortable temperature is installed for hiking, but at the same time not very high probability of precipitation.
The predecessor of the modern city is considered to be the village of Ivanovo, the first chronicle mentions about which are among the early XVII century. However, archaeological finds indicate that the settlement in this place existed already in XIV — XV centuries.
At the end of the XVI century, the male Pokrovsky monastery was founded here, around which the village began to grow. Initially, it was often called Ivanovo-Kohomsky because of the proximity to Him Kokhma.
Agriculture in the village was not developed due to low soil fertility, but the Earth created excellent conditions for growing flax. Already by 1630 Ivanovo — A large trading village where there are 123 yard, and the local population, in addition to trade, was engaged in various crafts, including weaving.
At the same time, the Wizards are appearing in the village.E. Applying various patterns and drawings on the fabric. Products of Ivanovo artisans were sold at all Russian fairs, where he used constant demand, and by the end of the XVII century Ivanovo becomes the informal textile capital of Russia.
Trading in canvas and fabrics brought Ivanovtsy more and more income, to which the king Peter I drew attention. In 1705, the villa was built in the village, which was engaged in collecting taxes and duties with trade. Also, the king invited to the village of Dutch, so that modern linen manufactories are built here.
Produced organized and enterprising natives of these places. Thus appeared manufactory of semishes, fock, twit and other Ivanovtsev. Over time, cotton and sytic product produced here, and Ivanovo’s village began to call «Sittsev kingdom» and «Russian manchester».
A new impetus to the development of textile production in the village gave, oddly enough, the war is 1812. During the fire in Moscow, most textile and linen manufactories burned down, and the demand for Ivanov’s products has grown sharply.
In just 7 years, from 1810 to 1817 revenue from the sale of Ivanovo tissues increased 7 times. Local manufacturers invested money not only in the development of manufactories, but also in the city infrastructure, schools, schools, hospitals and libraries were built.
In the XIX century, the industrial revolution began, and manual labor began to replace the engine. Instead of manufactory, factories appeared, which were built as a rule outside the village.
New production demanded all new working hands, so representatives of the poor and gollytabi from neighboring regions rushed to Ivanovo. They settled next to the factories, forming new Slobods, which in 1853 were combined into the Voznesensky Posad.
In 1872, the village of Ivanovo and the Voznesensky Posad were transformed into the city of Ivanovo-Voznesensk.
Revolution of 1905 Workers of Ivanovo-Voznesensky factories met a multi-day strike. Production owners refused to adopt the requirements of strikers, then the protesters held their own elections and formed the Council of Workers’ Deputies from their representatives.
This fact was subsequently appreciated by the Soviet authorities, and Ivanovo-Voznesensk became a kind of experimental platform for the construction of the perfect city of a bright socialist future.
Immediately after the 1917 revolution, there are new higher education institutions in the city, industrial enterprises, water pipes appear, as well as a city bus service.
At this time, Ivanovo-Voznesensk is experiencing its biggest ascent, many buildings in the style of constructivism appear in the city, which have been preserved to this day and form its individual appearance.
In 1929, Ivanovo-Voznesensk becomes the center of the Ivanovo industrial region, which includes Ivanovo-Voznesenskaya, Yaroslavl, Kostroma and Vladimir province.
In terms of industrial production, this area ranked third in the country, yielding only Moscow and Leningrad. And in 1932, the city of Ivanovo-Voznesensk received its modern name — Ivanovo.
Today is the city of Ivanovo — The largest center of the textile and food industry, also here is the development of vehicles and equipment for various sectors of the economy.
He attracts the uniqueness of architecture, in which the monuments of various eras are harmoniously combined, as well as thematic holidays and festivals passing here annually: this is a textile and industrial forum «gold ring», international «Textile salon», Ivanovo-Voznesenska Fair and others.
What to see in Ivanovo
Ivanovo employs 12 museums, there are about 400 historical and architectural monuments and about a dozen pilgrimage objects, which makes it attractive for travelers. City included in a popular tourist route «gold ring of Russia». Every year, Ivanovo is visited by several hundred thousand people.
Ivanovo acquaintance can be started from the center, for example, from the street on August 10, where Shudrovskaya tent. This oldest of the preserved brick buildings in the city was built in the XVII century for the manager of Selo Ivanovo. Currently, this is a monument of federal architecture and one of the symbols of the city.
If you walk down the street Maria Ryabinina and minimize the right to Soviet, then you can see another interesting place — Museum of the First Council. It is here that in the building of the Meshchansky council in 1905, meetings were held in the country of the Council of Workers Deputies. Currently, a historical exposition is deployed at the museum.
Next door is located medical Academy, The main building of which deserves special attention. This is a bright sample of Stalinist architecture, and her dominant — The five-speed corner tower with columns and large windows of an unusual form.
Opposite is worth The main building of IGHTU, no less interesting in terms of architecture. It was built at the turn of the 20-30s of the XX century on the project of the architect and. A. Fomina in style «Proletarian classics». Special attention attracts the main entrance with eight columns.
Nearby, in front of the Body B IGTU, there is a monument of the modern era — Toftle of the bride. This is an art facility, and cascade flower bed, and light installation. It is not surprising that it has become a popular object for photo shoots both among Ivanovo newlyweds and city guests.
Moving along the Sheremetyevsky Avenue to the street on August 10, easy to reach the administrative center of the city — Revolution Square. Located here Monument to the fighters of the revolution, Installed in 1975 and dedicated to the revolutionary events of 1905.
Here is the beginning of one of the main streets of the city — Lenin Avenue, on which there is a large number of local attractions. For example, here you can admire the beautiful Embankment River Ovwy, On the shores of which numerous recreation and entertainment parks are located.
On Lenin Avenue is unique Museum of Industry and Art, founded at the beginning of the 20th century Ivanovo manufacturer and patron. G. Burylin.
The basis of the museum’s exposure was the objects of the Personal Collection of the Burylin family, the neoclassical style building was also built on the order of the founder.
Today, the museum is exhibited by collections of weapons and objects of cult, here you can visit the memorial office of D.G. Burylina.
The museum is connected by the underground stroke with the former mansion of the Burylin family, built at the beginning of the 20th century, where is now Museum of Ivanovo Sitza.
The main exposition of the museum is devoted to the history of the development of textile production and has more than half a million exhibits. In the courtyard of the building, economic buildings are preserved, which are also used to organize exhibitions and events.
Very night, you can see another building with a century-old story — Manor manufacturer A. N. Vitova. The two-color house is built in classic style, the front facade is decorated with an elegant balcony. Currently, the building is located ambulance station.
A little further on the avenue is located Ivanovo Art Museum. It occupies a building built at the end of the XIX century for a real school and is currently recognized as an architectural monument. The museum presents expositions dedicated to the art of the East and Europe, the paintings of Russian and Soviet artists are also exhibited.
Another interesting building — Manor Ivanovo manufacturer and. N. Polishina. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century and is distinguished by original layout and asymmetric contour. In this beautiful building in 1918, the Soviet government was proclaimed in Ivanovo-Voznesensk, now there is a branch of the Scientific Library.
Not far from the street of Ghouts, one of the local constructivism monuments is located — House-horseshoe. It is built in the early 1930s of the 20th century for OGPU employees (NKVD, KGB). The unusual form of the building is due to the reluctance to demolish the surrounding ancient building, therefore was designed and embodied «compact» Option of a residential building.
There are other interesting residential buildings on Lenin Avenue. One of them — House-ship, Built in the late 20s of the last century. Rounding from one end of the house mimics the nose of the vessel, and the section of a higher storey on the other — stern. Fully glazed shop on the first floor, on the plan, symbolizes the water surface.
Practically next door is another monument of constructivism — House-bird. He became the first school building of Soviet buildings. And today it contains the prestigious school number 32, and a observatory is located in a spectacular turret.
If from Lenin Avenue to go through a couple of quarters along Dzerzhinsky Street, then you can see Ancient estate S. N. Polishina. It was built in 1905 in the style of classicism with elements of eclecticism. The house was located on a canopy hill, and from an elegant balcony opened a view of the meadow and the river.
How to get to Ivanovo
From Moscow to Ivanov it is easy to get on a personal car. Distance — About 300 km, travel time — just over four hours. Move is needed on the M7 highway through Vladimir.
AutoConstems It should be remembered that Ivanovo has a kind of urban layout and a fairly confusing fare in the city, including in the center. The navigator does not always transmit local specifics, so it’s easy enough to get lost here.
At such moments, the main thing is not to be in panic, such bonuses happen here with many tourists, you need to simply provide for extra time for unplanned movement and not be afraid to try new routes.
Bus service is well developed in Ivanovo. By bus, here you can get from Moscow, Ufa, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Kazan, Vologda, Kostroma and other regional centers.
But railway communication in Ivanovo is more modest. On the train here you can get from Moscow, Yaroslavl, St. Petersburg, Ufa, Samara and Murmansk.