There are countries where traditions determine the national essence. Japan – Country of Traditions. Whether contemplating the flowering sakura or the development of supernovae – in total there is a general basis: Japanese live. And it, in turn, begins with the phenomenon of the Japanese house.
Why Japanese House – Phenomenon? Because his nature itself goes against the usualness of the dwelling. Where, for example, the construction of an ordinary house begins? Of course, with a foundation, on which durable walls and a reliable roof. In the Japanese house everything is done on the contrary. Of course, it starts not from the roof, but also there is no foundation as such.
In the construction of a traditional Japanese house, the factors of a possible earthquake, hot and extremely wet summer are taken into account. Therefore, on the basis of its own, it represents the structure of wooden columns and roofs. A wide roof protects against the scorching sun, and simplicity and ease of construction allows you to quickly collect the affected house in case of destruction. Walls in a Japanese house is only filling the gaps between columns. Typically, only one of the four walls is constant, the rest consist of mobile panels of various densities and textures that play the role of walls, doors and windows. Yes, in the classic Japanese house of usual windows, there is also no windows!
External walls of the house replace Syzzi – these are wooden or bamboo frames from thin rails, assembled like a lattice. The gaps between the slats used to be covered with dense paper (most often rice), partially embarrassed by the tree. Over time, more technological materials and glass began to be used. Thin walls are moving on special hinges and can serve do door and windows. In the hot time of the day of Sydyzi, it can be removed at all, and the house will get natural ventilation.
Interior walls of the Japanese house are even more conditional. They are replaced by fusemas – light wooden frames, beaten on two sides with dense paper. They share the dwelling on separate rooms, and when necessary, moved or removed, forming a single large space. In addition, indoor rooms are separated by shirms or curtains. Similar "mobility" Japanese house gives its inhabitants unlimited planning opportunities – according to needs and in circumstances.
The floor in the Japanese house is traditionally made of wood and rises above the ground at least 50 cm. It provides some ventilation from below. The tree is less heated in the heat and is cooled longer in winter, moreover, it is safer during an earthquake than, for example, a stone masonry.
The European person falls into the Japanese dwelling, there is a feeling that it is only scenery for theatrical formulation. How can you live in a house that has practically paper walls? And what about "My home is my castle"? What door to close on the go? What windows hang curtains? Which wall put a massive cabinet?
In the Japanese house will have to forget about stereotypes and try to think in other categories. For for the Japanese is not important "Stone" protection against the surrounding world, and harmony of internal.
To some extent, the house in which we live, reflects our character, vision of the world, aspirations. The atmosphere inside the house for the Japanese – hardly the main thing. In the interior, they prefer minimalism, allowing not to overload the space and energy of the house. Everything is extremely functional, compact and easy.
Finding into the house, you have to get up to socks. In the Japanese tradition of socks white, for the house always reigns perfect cleanliness. However, it is not so difficult to maintain it: the floor is in tatami – dense mats from rice straw, covered with the grass of IGU – marsh cane.
Furniture in the house is practically no. That there is, brought in its sizes to a minimum. Instead of bulky cabinets – built-in wardrobes with sliding doors repeating the texture of the walls. Instead of chairs – pillows. Eating usually behind low portable tables. Instead of sofas and beds – futons (mattresses filled with pressed cotton). Immediately after waking, they are cleaned into special niches in the walls or in the built-in wardrobes, freeing the space for life.
The Japanese are literally preserved on cleanliness and hygiene. At the border of the sanitary zones of the house – bathroom and toilet – special slippers are put, which wear only in these rooms. It is necessary to admit that in the absence of unnecessary furniture, unnecessary baubles and non-functional objects of dust and dirt simply nowhere to accumulate, and house cleaning is minimized. In the classic Japanese house everything is calculated on "man sitting". And sitting on the floor. This can see the desire to be closer to nature, to the ground, to the natural – without intermediaries.
Light is another Japanese cult. To the house where the external, and the inner walls are made of translucent materials, a lot of natural light penetrates, even if all sissee closed. Their lattice frames create a special light ornament. The main requirement for the light in the Japanese dwelling is to be soft, neuroph. Traditional rice paper lampsions scatter artificial light. He seems to permeate the air itself, not paying attention, not distracting.
Clean space and peace – that’s what is to provide the inhabitant of the Japanese home its interior. If we can force our rooms with flowers, vases, souvenirs and over time, even stop noting these things, then the Japanese are made in the interior of the premises only one accent (picture, Iquaban, Netck), which will delight the eye and ask the atmosphere. Therefore, in every house there is a wall niche – Tokonama, where a neat Japanese puts the most beautiful or valuable thing that he has.
Of course, time and technical progress has changed the life line and dwelling device in Japan. Classic in full understanding of this word Japanese houses now remained only in rural areas. But every Japanese tries to preserve the spirit of national traditions in his dwelling. Almost in any Japanese apartment, even in the most modern and "European" apartment building, there are at least one room in traditional style. And this is not a tribute to fashion, but something natural and logical, without which the Japanese can not imagine his home.
The style of minimalism prevails in the Europeanized Japanese housing – it is not better consistent with the conditions of the deficit and the high cost of square meters, overloaded with the stress of the life of megacities. Attitude to its space, to the residential area in the overcrowded Japan aweet, because of the seven thousand islands under the Japanese flag, only 25% of the land is suitable for living.
Japanese interior design for many centuries has not lost their relevance, and this is confirmed by its popularity worldwide. Fashion came from Japan to redevelop the apartments with the expansion of the recreation area due to the demolition of unnecessary walls and doors, the trend of conditional separation of space by screen, shelters, floor pattern or ceiling relief.
After the Era of chipboard, plastic and poisonous dyes, the world returned to the healing properties of a breathable tree, warmth natural mats and natural colors – to the fact that the Japanese traditions of home improvement never went from. The main thing in the Japanese interior (both classical and modern) is compactness, convenience and ecological purity. Mobile walls, strict decor, mysterious eggs – in all this there is an incomprehensible for the modern consumer consciousness, the desire to make a simple multifunctional and even easier. A kind of minimalism of the material world, leaving space for contemplation, reflections, admirement spiritual.
By and large, for the Japanese there is no division of its existence on the internal and external world. There is a single whole, indivisible no walls nor. The house for the Japanese is part of nature, its continuation, so it must have a similar energy and aura. And this will provide the natural harmony of life of his inhabitants.