Japanese representative office Poseidona
Religious traditions include the emergence of the first draft churches in Japan to deep antiquity – the beginning of the I millennium. NS. When it happened exactly, it is impossible to find out. After all, temples, erected from the tree, were burning more than once, rebuilt and transferred from place to place. And the first written monuments of Japan – "Codziki" and "Niongy", – Where there are references to these shrines, appeared only in the VIII century, that is, when there are no live witnesses for booking ancient temples, the events had to be recorded on the legends stored in the memory. So, it is believed that the most ancient and revered temples in the country were ISE Dzing, dedicated to the goddess of the sun Amateras, and Izumo Tairy, built in honor of the god of the wind Susano. Both of these structures date back to the III century. NS. For the people living on the islands, the sun and the wind, of course, were very important dominants of life. But for sailors, fishermen, coastal residents living in the sea, if not the most important, then the most respected celestial was the god of the sea. It was he who was dedicated to the temple built in the same III century. NS. where the city quarters of Megapolis Osaka are now spread.
If you believe the legends, it happened in 211. Then the legendary Empress Japan Jingu returned to his homeland after severe and full of swimming hazards in Korea. In an effort to express your gratitude to the marine gods, which preserved her ship from storms and storms, chalk and underwater reefs, the Empress commanded to lay in the town of Sets (now the coastal zone of Osaka) Temple. Buddhism at the time not yet sprout on the soil of the Japanese archipelago, and tribute to the reverence was decided to pay the deities generated by the Creator-creator of Izanagi, who personally participated in the creation of the Japanese archipelago. This God had a lot of divine offspring. Those of them who "responded" For water element, called Suminoe-but-Okha. It was a kind of collective Japanese Poseidon. And more precisely, it was called the Trinity – Sokojuzuo-But Mikoto, Nakazutsuo-But Mikoto and Uvadzutsuo, but Mikoto (Conditionally, it could be defined as the gods of the bottom water, medium water and the upper water). Over time, this Trinity also joined another deity – Okinaagatarasihime – but Mikoto, that is, the spirit of the Empress Jinggua itself.
To ensure proper shelter to all four deities, the builders of the temple have erected four identical buildings in a row. Japanese architecture has not yet felt at the time of any influence of continental architecture. Therefore, the design of Sumiyi Tisya (such a name received the sanctuary) reflected a purely national ideas about the religious construction. Wooden houses had steep bandal roofs with large skes, covered cypro. The top of each roof was decorated "horns" – Poultry pesters. In fact, the same petroleum served and painted by Surikov, the gates of Thoria, denoted by the entrance to the consecrated temple territory. The only door for each of the four houses was in the end of the building, which was divided into two parts by partition – the front (Gadzin) and rear (s). It is in the back room and the location of the Divine Spirit was assumed. Such an architectural style later became called Sumiyi-Dzukuri.
The tree from which temple structures were erected, picked up in sacred forests. Logs should not have any bitch nor worm. But even the most careful selection did not guarantee the long safety of wood in a wet climate. Therefore, in antiquity, the rule was established in which the temple was analyzed every twenty years, and his holy inhabitants during the solemn ceremony moved into exactly the same structures that were held next to the old. The last time is "Resettlement" happened in 1810. By that time, the Japanese had already learned more or less successfully to handle wood with chemicals in order to protect it from rot, treasures and fires.
Sumyusi’s sanctuary, having always attracted the crowd of pilgrims. It is especially true here in the early days of the New Year, when the Japanese rushes to the temples to pray for the successes in the coming year and submit to the deities of their offspring in order to enlist the heavenly support for them. Suddenly, children over the years will manifest interest in navigation! "Supheses" Marine gods became not only sailors, fishermen and travelers. The gods of Sumiyi Tairy provide patronage and poets. The fact is that the temple built in the coastal zone of Seatz was surrounded by a truly divine landscapes. Sea smooth, pure yellow sand, coastal dunes, crumpled busty pines, attracted all sorts of poems in this area, who were looking for inspiration in the surrounding nature. And awarded this grace poets hurried to the temple to raise praise to their heavenly patrons.
In addition, like any deity of the Shinto Pantheon, Sumini-Noi-Okha does not remain indifferent to the fate of rice water. In memory of this every year on June 14, the TAUE solemn ceremony is held here – the rice seedlings falling on the field. While dressed in festive kimono women work in the field, no less brightly dressed men knock on the drums and dancing, attracting divine attention to the procedure.
Another colorful festival is held here from July 30 to August 1, when the rice harvest is celebrated in the festive setting with processions, dancing and generous libations. Each of these holidays attracts up to 3 million. Bogomoltsev and tourists.
About the exceptional importance for the Japanese of this sanctuate also testifies. The famous medieval writer Murassaki Sikibu, who lived in the second half of the X – the first half of the XI in., Describes as Prince Genji, the protagonist of its famous novel "Genji Monogatari", visits these places to thank the gods who saved his ship during a storm. And in the drawings, which later began to illustrate the text of the novel, you can see and renowned the preserved humpback bridge (Taiko-Bassi), built on the donation of the wife of the famous commander Toytoma Hideyashi in gratitude for the birth of the Son. People are not such a high position – officials, warriors, merchants – their gratitude to the gods in another form. On the territory of the temple there are more than 6 hundred stone lanterns, brought by the temple of the Bogomol.
To this, it is necessary to add that in the old days to get to such an important sanctuary pilgrims was sometimes difficult. Therefore, branches of Sumiyi Bezya were built across the country – up to two thousand such temples, where it was possible to communicate with the spirits of the marine gods and the adestrators of the Empress Dzing. Especially actively such branches were erected in IV-V centuries.