Jiajing Emperor (Zhu Houtsun)
Ambitious, lustful eleventh Chinese Dynasties Ming Zhu Houtsun without rights, came to the throne. His father Yuyuan Zhu Chenghua was the fourth son of the ruler. According to the laws of the Ming Empire, he was sent to the estate away from Beijing. Neobizhenny title (he was awarded the rank of Duke Xiang) and education (a classical Confucian) no longer hoped for additional gifts of fate. But dying Houchzhao Zhu (1521), the childless Emperor of China, and fourteen Houtsun sits on the throne, beginning the reign under the name of Jiajing ("wonderful peace"). He became elected because of his temperament, education. Ministers hoped that will be able to subdue the new ruler. But the boy was not so soft and pliable.
To calm leadership of the country, he removed from the path of the former preceding the close of the emperor. The conflict was caused by disputes over the illegal gain power Houtsunom Zhu, the son of a concubine. By law, his son was deprived of the right to succession to the throne, but he did not dare to pronounce the name of his true father (certain times anoint the emperor’s father’s uncle). Spores were 20 years. Of course, won power and strength. Zhu Khwsun achieved right for his son, hoisted a sign with the name of the Father in the Temple of the Father. It was built another element of the tomb of emperors Min – Mausoleum Xianin in g. Zhongsyan, Hubei Province, Mausoleum of Parents Zhu Houzun, erected posthumously into the Imperial Rank after Jiajin. This conflict of interest led to the breakdown, the disorder of the management office of China. The Elite of the Chinese authorities could not serve such a trick, which led to the protests of the dignitaries in the Forbidden City.
Jiajin removed his influential statesmen, pulled away from the country’s business, stopped even meeting with ministers on state affairs. For once again, representatives of the MIN dynasty transmit to the rule of eunuham. Zhu Khwsun created the world of debauchery around him.
To strengthen power, began the repression of Buddhists who had an impressive impact on what is happening in the country. Confiscated Buddhist values in the monasteries, corrected the financial situation in China. Wanting everyone to remake in his own way, Jiangzin swung on the main structure of the complex the Temple of the sky: rebuilt the prayer hall, giving him another, close to modern, form. On the roof laid out the tile of three symbolic colors: blue, yellow, green, sky sign, earth, emperor between them.
There will always be dissatisfied with the existing authority, but the eleventh emperor of China dynasty mines hated many. He was cruel, impracticable objections, a smug ruler. Attempted to him (1542) conspirators led by his concubine. Favorite Harem woman was executed by Empress Lee (revenge was justified at the state level). When the palace burned, he gave an order not to save the empress. Perhaps Zhu Khwsun experienced strong feelings to the concubine, or it was an act of fair punishment by the spouse for non-evident with him in advance.
The history of China knows a lot of examples of corruption board, unjustified costs of government funds. One of them was the reign of Zhu Khountsun. The problem was aggravated by natural disasters. It seemed that the Nature itself was outraged by the audacity of the emperor. One of the earthquakes in the province of Shaanxi took the lives of 800,000 population of the country. Who did not stop the emperor on the throne of indignation and the uprising of simple people were mercilessly spent the army.
Meanous, rapid management of the country affected and foreign policy. Smugglers frankly felt, the Japanese pirates were struck by their unprecedented. Jiajin banned maritime trade. But the persistent, arrogant pirates off the coast of the country tried to break the ban of the emperor. Only in 1566, Chinese troops got rid of annoying enemies. Mongolian khanov’s troops raised repeatedly on the borders of China, reaching the suburbs of the capital. Hateing nomads, the emperor ordered to build a unique structure, majestic fortress from the foothills of Himalayas along the Great Wall of China. The entrance to the fortress is a labyrinth, the purpose of which is to stop the attacks of opponents. The Chinese-Mongolian world, concluded in 1550, put a point in the opposition of two peoples. And about the construction of the fortress together a beautiful legend.
In order to avoid unforeseen costs, architects made calculations for construction materials. The figure was voiced: 999,9999 bricks. The fortress was built. The foreman approached the architect, holding one brick in hand. Said he is superfluous, the calculations were not so true. But the architect answered calmly and wisely: "This brick is also included in the calculations. It must be put at the entrance, he will bring good luck to the guard and travelers passing through the gate". Over 6 centuries flew, the famous landmark of China has undergone changes, and "extra" Brick still lies at the entrance.
Old age did not add Jiajin wisdom. He is increasingly thinking about death, looking for salvation from immortality. Tao Zhunven, influential Dao, supplies the ruler with miraculous pills from red pepper and white arsenic. Believing in their strength, Zhu Khwsun takes the drug that brings him to the mortal cat.
In 59 years, without waiting for the action of the insmentration tablets, Jiajin goes into the world of other, leaving the throne to his sown Zhu Tsaikhou, the twelfth Emperor of the Ming dynasty. After that, Zhu Khountsun leaves eight sons, five daughters, a weak army, corrupt unprofessional power.