Jvari Monastery in Mtskhete

JVARI – one of the most famous and popular among tourists of Georgian monasteries. You probably saw in the photo the most picturesque view of Georgia – the merger of two rivers Kura and Aragvi. So, it is in Mtskhete, and the view from the observation deck at the monastery of the Holy Cross. Daily Whatever time, thousands of tourists from all over the world come to the Jvari Monastery, so that with their own eyes to see this beauty, erected here in the VI-VII centuries. Jvari is one of the main shrines of Orthodox Georgians, it’s like an Echmiadzinsky Cathedral for Armenians. By the way, to Armenians, along the course of the article we will return. Here we decided to collect both useful information that will come in handy for you to organize a trip, and have made a historical certificate. By tradition in the article there will be a lot of photos. For easy navigation, you can use content under the first photo.

Monastery Cross in Mtskhete

Excursions to the Javar Monastery

It is believed that the JVVI monastery is best at visiting with a tour. Individual tourists, of course, is also a lot, but Mtskheta with a guide – this is, indeed, an excellent idea, especially if you are without your transport. If you stayed in Mtskhete, you can find a local guide – in the center of the city at the Svetitskhoveli temple, there are usually quite a lot of guides offering their services, but you can order an excursion and online:

    – € 69 for quadruple

If you stayed in Tbilisi and want to go to Mtsketu for one day, then one of the most convenient and cheap options is to take a tour, especially since the prices for them in Georgia are very affordable. For example,

    – € 16 per person – € 130 for two + € 15 for each subsequent tourist

How to get to Jvari. Jvari on the map.

If you all decided to inspect the Jarvari Monastery on their own, then the most difficult part – get to it. The monastery is located on Mount and visible from any point of Mtskheta and even from the Military Road. You see him, but it is very difficult for public transport, walking on a schedule, a minibus goes only a few times a day, you will have to use a taxi, or walk on foot. So, how to get to Jvari:

  • On a taxi from Mtskheta, if you are already here (20-30 lari or € 6-9 road there, back) or Tbilisi (100 lari or € 31), you can find a company and share costs. Sometimes cheaper than a taxi, for example, Kiwitaxi will take you from Tbilisi for 77 lari or € 25, if you find a company and share costs will be completely accessible, it is also convenient to order a car if you have a lot
  • Bus number 11 from the central stadium of Tbilisi to the ZAVS, and then on foot about an hour
  • From the Didube station on a minibus to Mtskheta and there on foot, please note that if you are traveling to Jvari, then you do not need to center, ask the driver to stop the monastery from the pointer, and from there on foot or hitchhiking about 5 km
  • It is said that in the season from the center of Mtzheta for 5 LARIs (€ 1.5), you can drive on the minibus (12: 00,15: 00,17: 00) if you are lucky to find a trip
  • We rent a car in Tbilisi and go not only in Mtskhetu, and in a circular route in Georgia (since the sake of Mtskheta should not bother, it’s easier to take a tour). Of all services in Georgia, Myrentacar advise.COM (from € 25 per day per season)

How to get to Jvari

JVII monastery hours

Most sources claim that the monastery and the Jarva Temple are open to visit from 8:00 to 20:00. But we arrived here by 18:00 and it was already impossible to get inside the temple, although no one limited us in walks by adjoining territory. If you want to get inside the temple of the cross, then you should schedule your arrival to 18.00. Services in the temple go only on holidays and anyone can get on it. Entrance to the territory is completely free. It is said that in the season they may ask for the parking lot, but we both once left the car freely and no one asked no money.

Jvari at sunset

History of Jvari

The literal name of Jvari from Georgian translates as "cross", and naturally, what the name is given to the temple not just. It is here, according to historical records, at the beginning of the IV century, the Holy Equal-Apostles Nino Cappadocyan and the first king Christian Mirian erected a large wooden cross when they baptized Georgia. I must say that the crosses were three. The first on Mount Thhot, the second in Ojarma, and the third – here, on the mountain next to Mtskheta. Surprisingly, the octagonal pedestal of that very cross can still be seen with its own eyes, but the cross is completely new, it was installed only in 2009 and in its sizes is several times the original established by Nino.

Ancient pedestal and cross in the Temple of Javar

Cross in the Javari Temple

The first temple on the Cross Mountain, the so-called Small Jvari, was built in the middle of the 6th century, now this church is in ruins. But that jvari, which we can see in our days appeared in Mtskhete on half a century later (about 586-604 years, here scientists argue about the exact date of construction). Armenian historians are trying to challenge this date, since sincerely believe that Jvari was built according to the sample of Armenian temples. Moreover, Jvari is often called the brother of the temple of the Holy Ripse.

Jvari Monastery in Mtskhete. Georgia.

In our opinion, something in general is certainly there (like all Christian churches of the Caucasus, regardless of the date of their construction), but to call them twins will be an exaggeration. Well, go into disputes who whom and when I copied, we, too, with your permission, do not become.

On the left Temple of Jvari, on the right of the church of the Holy Ripse

50 years after the construction of the temple in Mtskhetu, Arabs came and the Tbilisi Emirate appeared. In theory for this period, Jvari was to become a mosque, but no evidence could be found yet. Maybe the temple was just abandoned or continued to be Christian. In 960, during one of the Muslim raids, a cross was taken from Jvari, and the temple itself burned. Surprisingly, for almost a half thousand years, many inscriptions have appeared on the temple, but not one in Arabic.

Above windows made in the construction of the temple

And then in Mtskheta nothing happened. This is a rare case in history, when almost 1000 years there was nothing remarkable in these parts. Only in 1989, prayers were resumed in the temple, and three years later, the territory around (she belonged to the pioneer camp) passed the church.

On the territory of the javar monastery

In 1994, during the 18th session of the UNESCO Assembly, the Jarvi Temple, along with other historical monuments, Mtskheta was included in the World Heritage List. And only 10 years later, in 2004, he fell into the list of the International Monument Foundation, as one of the hundred who threatens death. Fortunately, the restoration of 2007 made it possible to return the temple into a normal state and now death does not threaten him.

Temple on the Cross Mountain in Mtskheta

Entrance to the Temple of Javar

Dilapidated towers of the monastery

In his poem "MTSI", Lermontov wrote: "Pillars of the collapsed gates, and towers, and the church arch. ". Many sources believe that he wrote it about Jvari, and if we take this version, then there are few times that has changed. Nowadays, Jvari Monastery is two temples (big and small), dilapidated walls and towers. Nearby there are no keys of monks, no other typical attributes. Monks live a little away in the forest, in the other side the tourists get rarely, usually their interest is limited to the temple and the observation platform.

Tourists on the observation platform at times more than in the temple

Merge Chickens and Aragvi

On a clear day, it is clearly visible how the water of two rivers is mixed

Merge rivers at sunset

Of course, wedding photo shoots come to Jvari, at sunset there are especially many of them

The logical continuation of the article would be a description of the unique architecture of the Temple of Jvari, its unusual and rare thromps and other nuances that will be understood only by specialists and lovers of architecture. We do not apply to such, so we will only show a few photos made inside the temple.

Trompi Temple Jvari

Inside the temple of Jvaris

The temple inside is quite compact, but browsing numerous photos taken inside, this will not say.

Our review of visiting

Jvarva refers to those places in Georgia in which you need to be required. First, this is the history of the country, secondly, this is a stunningly beautiful place, thirdly, it’s so good and easy to breathe, and when you look at the merger of two rivers and Mtzhet, it seems that you can not, if not all.

This article was stolen from http: // poznamka.Ru.

There is a legend that once between the monastery of Jvari and Svetitskhoveli’s cathedral was stretched by a suspension staircase, according to which pilgrims could pass from one shrine to another. You could only go through the soul, who sincerely repent in their sins and believe in God, the rest fell into the abyss of two rivers. Every year the lucky ones who could do this path became less and less and in one day the staircase under the severity of human sins collapsed. Of course, this is a legend, but when you stand on the observation platform in front of the temple of the Holy Cross, you look at the cathedral of the life-giving pillar and remember this legend, then I want to throw out all the bad thoughts and circumstances from life to continue to live happily. Personally, we really liked it here and per day we spent in Mtskhete, we rose to the temple twice: at sunset and then the next day in the afternoon to get inside the temple. If they were detained in the ancient Georgian capital longer, I would definitely arranged a picnic on the cross grief overlooking the sunset.

Jarvi Monastery in Mtskhete 2020-07-22T08: 08: 32 + 03: 00 2021-07-04T09: 37: 49 + 03: 00 Natalya ‘Poznamka’

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