Korean cow

Today I am going to tell you about the role played in the life of Korea so-called "cattle", and simply speaking, cow.

The Korea cow appeared at the beginning of the second millennium BC, that is, almost four thousand years ago. How did they get to Korea? There are several theories on this score, however, where they would not penetrate the peninsula, already at the beginning of our era, a special breed of cows arose in Korea, which existed without any special changes two more than millennia. It usually is called "Khan U", that is, translated, "Korean cow".

As in Russia, in Korea Cova was the crumine of the peasant. However, the role of cow (or bull) in the Korean economy was not at all like a Russian man. Let’s start with the fact that milk in old Korea did not drink, and dairy products – did not eat. Well, more precisely, they almost did not drink and almost did not eat. The milk was considered a medicine, it was very expensive and took it usually on the prescription of the doctor, while observing the dosage strictly.

I remember, I caught a vintage drawing on my eyes, depicting how to make cows in Korea in the XIX century (it is quite often reproduced in Korean history books). Four people participate in this responsible procedure. One holds an unfortunate animal for the horns, two – for a rope that his front legs enveloped, and only the fourth busy millet as such. The view of all participants in this procedure is intense, as if they are milked, they are not a humble ruminant wooden, but at least a lioness. Cow too, it seems, does not quite understand what is with her, actually do. It is not surprising: the overwhelming majority of cows such a procedure were not subjected to never in their entire life.

By the way, the milk processing technologies were completely different, common with China, but dissimilar to Russian or European (however, in this respect, Russia and Europe have a lot of common – the generality of origin, and the neighborhood) affects. In Korea from milk, neither oils, no cheese, no cottage cheese, but, but some other products, whose names are in Russian and do not translate. However, I repeat, these products were intended for very few rich lovers, and even more often – and simply used as medicinal preparations.

Of course, beef in Korea ate, but she was very expensive, and a simple person could try her only a few times in life. There is probably a small retreat. Not only in Korea, but also in all states of the Confucian Far East (China, Japan, Vietnam) the population of the population was always predominantly vegetarian. The opportunity regularly eat meat there until recently was a considerable luxury. It was called purely practical reasons and first of all – a huge density of the population in these countries. From one hectare of land in Korea or in China, much more people were forced than, let’s say, in Russia or in France. However, from the point of view "Caloric efficiency" The best use of land – under rice fields. The hectare of rice field gives much more calories than hectare pastures. That’s why pastures were rare, and, accordingly, the meat was rare.

Korean cow

How used cows? First of all, they pated on them, as, of course, on the bulls. Unlike Europe, the differences were not done, because milk was usually used only by its direct natural purpose – for the fattening of calves. Bulls and cows were also a heavy cattle, they harnessed heavy two-wheeled carts that were somewhat resembled Central Asian arches. Horses as a major force used little, horses in old Korea were generally a bit and they were mainly intended for the army or government courier mail. The reason for the lack of horses, as you already guessed, the same is the lack of decent pastures.

The revolution in agriculture began in the first years of our century, when the Korean government discharged because of the border of tribal cattle and opened the first milk farm. However, up to the sixties cow in Korea was a heavy animal. Then, however, the situation began to change quickly. First, new, more efficient agronomic methods allowed to highlight more land under the pasture. Secondly, the tractor (or, more precisely, the motoblock) gradually displaced the cow with the fields. Thirdly, under the western influence, milk began to gradually enter the fashion, at least among young people (the elderly Koreans still do not drink him). As a result, over the past 30 years, milk consumption per capita increased 300 times: from 0.1 to 30 liters per year per person. Now Koreans eat oil, and cheese, and yogurts, although in our days Korea in diversity (and, perhaps, in quality) of all these products is significantly inferior to most countries of the developed West.

And the cow hardened in the plow now, perhaps, can be seen only in the movie.

Korean cow

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