Korea, like any other country in the world, and had their folk sports traditions, their traditional sports (to which, by the way, contrary to the cultivated myth, did not apply to Tegvondo). However, the sport is modern, that is, the Western type began to spread there relatively recently, only at the end of the last century. He fell into Korea from the West countries, first of all – from the USA. The initiative in this often belonged to the English and American Protestant missionaries. It was they who began to introduce into the program of the first schools of modern type of physical education, as well as create a variety of youth sports associations.
Like most citizens in all countries of the world, Koreans most often prefer not to play sports themselves, but watch it in stadiums or, more often, on TV. Since Americans played a decisive role in the distribution of modern sports in Korea, the list of Korean fans of the Korean fans in general is the same coincides with the American. Extremely popular here Baseball, which appeared in Korea in 1905., And already in the 1930s. considered the most popular sports game in the country. However, not only Americans, but also the Japanese who are also hot fans of this, in general, a little-known game in the world, contributed to the popularity of baseball. Love Koreans and another traditionally "American" Game – Basketball. From "non-American" Sports here are very popularly familiar to us, Russians, European football, while the powerful American football in Korea for some incomprehensible reasons so truly and did not fit.
What kinds of sports are most popular among Korean fans, indicate, in particular, the study of sports press and television, conducted by Korean specialists in the early 90s. When analyzed, it was taken into account as the frequency of publications devoted to a particular sport, and their volume. According to this study, in print, the most attention was paid to football, followed by baseball, basketball, volleyball and boxing. Television due to its specificity paid the greatest time to gymnastics, football stood in second place, and behind him almost in the same order followed the same 4 types of sports.
Memories of vintage sports traditions have been preserved in Korea in the field of martial arts, among which the championship belongs, of course, Tegwondo, as well as archery and traditional struggle to. These sports are engaged in or interested in rather many, and the government supports them as a peculiar part of Korean cultural heritage. The noticeable distribution of Tegwondo in the world also became a source of patriotic pride for many Koreans, and its inclusion in the Olympic Games program caused a wave of enthusiasm. It is curious, however, that the official legend of the statement that Tegwondo, they say, is an original national sport, the traditions of which will rise to time immemorial, are noticeable exaggeration. In reality, TEGVONDO is a relatively recent invention, it appeared already in our century, as a result of the synthesis of Japanese karate and some Korean martial arts.
If you do not talk about commercial sports, and not about fans, but about those who are engaged in the sport truly, probably the most popular in Korea, probably, baseball and basketball. Golf and mountain skiing are also popular here. It is expensive sports, which can only be engaged in which only rich people (or those who really want to seem like). However, as often happens, it is the high cost of these two kinds of sports of a kind of prestige symbols and for representatives of the Korean Tips (as well as their siblings) Golf and mountain skiing began to be almost mandatory.
Golf first appeared in Korea in 1900 g., But for quite a long time remained sports for foreigners. Among the Koreans golf began to spread from 1924. Golf is very expensive. A complete set of equipment for this game costs about two million won, that is, more monthly salary of the usual Seoul employee. To this should be added a considerable fee for the use of the field, which on weekdays in the vicinity of Seoul is 50-60 thousand. Won (on Sunday it is noticeable above), as well as a number of other expenses that you have to carry the player. Matches in Golf on Sundays are the usual pastime of the Korean ruling elite, on these matches are completely and awarded, outstanding informal conversations are held, important economic or political decisions are taken. It is not by chance that when in 1993. President Kim Yong himself deployed a campaign against corruption, he was a special decision forbade civil servants to play golf. Thus, their communication with business representatives was limited. In total in September 1995. 96 golf courses operated in Korea, and another 35 was built, and this was about 1.6 million with this game. human. Among businessmen or lawyers, the ability to play golf is almost mandatory.
except "Present" Golf courses, in Korea, as in Japan, have been greatly distributed training complexes, which are small platforms from themselves, from all sides, including on top, covered with a wire mesh, which for some reason in tradition is always green. Inside these wire facilities falling in large cities almost at every step, golf lovers can be practiced. Fee there is very modest, and time to spend on a trip for the city do not have to. Perhaps, perhaps, similar benches, intended for basketball lovers. They are much smaller in size and are often located near universities and other places where you often have young people.
Mountain skiing is a slightly more democratic, but still a very expensive sport. Since the winter in Korea is cold, but almost miserable, almost all ski resorts are focused on the east coast of the country, in the mountains of Saraksan, where in the winter it falls to one and a half meters of snow. For people, more modest has such a democratic passion like fishing. With fishing rod likes to sit in the free days if not most of the Korean men, then, in any case, their noticeable part (by the way, women are often not indifferent to this type of recreation). Fishing accessories often come across in Korean cities, numerous magazines and even a newspaper are published for lovers. Catch fish and from the shore, and from boats, and in the sea, in lakes, and in small, but fast Korean rivers, and on reservoirs. But the hunt in Korea does not use much popular, although there is. This, apparently, is due to the lack of large animals in the country. Times when the tigers appeared in the suburbs of Seoul, have long been legend for a long time, and large wild beasts remained in the densely populated South Korea. Therefore, the hunters remain only a bird, but also the hunting is strictly limited.
Lovers to keep themselves in shape prefer either engage in running, or go to the pool. Relatively small (25 meter) and relatively inexpensive pools in Korea many thousands, they are practically in every microdistrict. Other mass passion is hiking in the mountains. According to Korean data, systematically mountain walks makes approximately 5 million Koreans. It is over, not mountaineering in the strict sense of the word, namely walks in the mountains. In many ways they replace the same "jogging", which is so popular in the West countries. In Korea, run more difficult to join: not very pleasant to run around the sidewalks scored by the sidewalks in the baked air of Seoul. Therefore, the charge of cheerfulness Many Koreans get in the mountains. There and the view is wonderful, and the air is clean, and the physical exertion is rather big.
Another hobby, which, even with the reservations, can also be considered a sport, the Billiard has become in Korea, who came there from America at the beginning of our century. The spread of the billiard, like many other Western new products, began with "Highest hobbies" – In 1915. Two billion tables were installed in the Chhankukun Palace, where he lived with the Japanese from the real power, but the former Korean King of Sunchong was surrounded by the appropriate honor. Now the characteristic sign of billiard – 2 red and 2 black circles (sometimes with crossed kias under them) can be seen at every step. In general, in Korea, the number of people who are systematically playing in the billiard, translated over 6 million.
Close to the billiard in the nature and also very popular in Korea was the enthusiasm in Kegelban, the halls for which are equipped in all cities and even large villages, but, unlike Billiard, they play the kesel not only and not even so much men as women. The kegelban in Korea is perceived quite seriously, the championships in this sport are widely illuminated by television and press (this applies, although in a slightly lesser extent, and to the billiard). A huge, meter in two heights, Kehel, which traditionally serves as an advertising-signboard for a bowlbana, can be seen everywhere. Currently, the keselaban systematically deals with about 2 million people, the sites for it are found everywhere, and it is difficult to imagine that the penetration of this game in Korea began quite recently. The first Kehelban was opened in 1967. in a fashionable international hotel "Volker Hill" and intended for foreigners. However, in the 70s. There was a cooking passion for this peculiar game, which literally for several years has become one of the most part in the country.