Korean writing Hangyl
On October 9, it has special importance for Koreans, since it is on this day that the anniversary of the invention will be celebrated "Hangyl", or Korean writing, which is recognized as a unique and not having analogues in the world. In antiquity, Koreans did not have their own writing and to record the sounds of their native speech were forced to use Chinese characters, which was not available for most ordinary people. That is why in 1446 King Sychon Choson Dynasty (1392
1910) invented the Korean writing, which all people could use without exception, and to this day all Koreans honor the memory of this great ruler and use "Hangyl" as a national writing.
In Russian word "Hangyl" translated as "Korean writing", or "Big writing" (depending on how to interpret the value of the hieroglyph "Han"). However, the name "Hangyl" Wrongs were assigned only in our days, and the King Sychon himself gave its invention to the name "Hongmin Jong" ("Instructions to the people about the right sounds").
Initially "Hangyl" consisted of 28 letters, but over time 4 letters stopped used and modern Korean alphabet form 24 letters (14 consonants and 10 vowels). Features "Khanguilya" It is that with the help of it can be transferred all the sounds of Korean speech and at the same time the writing system itself is very simple and affordable, and the alphabet itself has been invented in line with the features of Korean phonetics without borrowing from other languages. In October 1997, the book "Hongmin Jong Harrebon" ("Interpretation of Hongmin Jong"), which explained the purpose of creating writing, the value of the letters and the rules for their record, was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.
Why day Hangile celebrates October 9?
At the time when Sychon also wanted to create a similar alphabet for many more officials and the rich nobles were against this plan of the king, because it was believed that there was no need to form a simple people, and if ordinary peasants to study and write, then they can get out of obedience. That is why the creation of the alphabet was held in secret and the exact date of its invention was unknown. At first, the date of creation of Korean writing was considered on October 29. However, after the book was discovered "Hongmin Jong Harrebon", where the date was specified on October 9, it was she who became a formal day "Birth" Khanguilya.
Hangle consists of 24 letters (14 consonants and 10 vowels), each of which corresponds to one sound. Each consonant letter corresponds to the form of a particular speech organ (lips, tongue, larynx and t. D.), and the form of vowels goes back to the image of a person, land, sky, and their connection among themselves. These basic letters of the Korean alphabet, combined with each other, form 16 additional letters, both vowels and consonants, and, therefore, in total "Hangyl" consists of forty letters.
Siechon, who was born on May 15, 1397., Was the Third Son of the King of Thachon and his wife Queen Min and in August 1418. He inherited the throne.
Siechon has always been known for his love for sciences, both accurate and humanitarian, and also because he loved the simple people and tried to relieve his fate every way. Even if the Korean writing in the calculation is not taken into account, he made a lot for the Korean people of that time, his entire state management policy was built in serving a conventional citizen and called on to facilitate his life. During his reign (1418
1450) Numerous reforms in the field of agriculture, medicine, etc. were held. That is why the king of Siechon is called "Tavan" – "Great rule", and his image can be seen today at bills at 10.000 won.
In Korea, as in many other countries, there is a holiday "Teacher’s Day", which is celebrated annually on May 15. On this day, it is customary to visit his teachers and thank them for all the knowledge they have invested in their students and for their kindness and understanding. Date on May 15 is chosen in no coincidence – it was on this day that the king Schychon was born, who left its descendants not only Korean writing "Hangyl", but also strongly contributed to the development of science and education of the common people.
Currently in Korea successfully operate numerous centers created specifically for learning the Korean language foreign students. So, with all the major universities operate specialized language schools are also open numerous linguistic centers, where everyone can start learning the Korean language from the very beginning on the basis of a variety of educational programs.