Krakow (Kraków) – The amazing city located above the Vistula River is the former capital of Poland, the location of the coronation and burial of almost all Polish monarchs. For a long time, Krakow attracts many tourists: scientists – the oldest university of the country; artists – unforgettable architecture; pilgrims – at the expense of the sanctuary and the relics of saints and, finally, ordinary travelers, their cozy European atmosphere.
According to the legend, the founder of the city was the prince of Krak, the tamer of the Wovel Dragon (the statue of which is at the foot of the Wovel Hill). The remains of the oldest history of Krakow, which are dated the beginning of the 7th century, are presented in two mounds – Vanda and Kostyutko (Wanda I Kościószko), but the first mention of the city was already in the 10th century, recorded by Ibrahim Ibn Yakub. In 1257 Boleslav V Shadny gives Krakow self-government, in accordance with Magdeburg right. Old Town, together with Krakow Plants (Park) and Kazimierz (Jewish District), was appointed World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO in 1978.
One of the largest areas of Europe (200х200 m), where the Sokenitsa market, the city tower, the Mariat Catholic church, and the Roman Catholic Church of St. Adalbert preserved among historical buildings. Here you will be offered a walk on a cart with horses, many cultural events, or a tour of the historical museums. Well, if you just want to just enjoy the atmosphere, around the perimeter of the whole area there are cafes and restaurants, where even in the cold season you can sit outside, near cozy heaters.
The former road of royal ceremonial processes, which leads from the Florian Church, past Barbakana, the preserved remnants of defense walls and the Florian gate, to the Wawel Castle. Walking along the Royal Road allows you to see the highest historical value churches and the most interesting city buildings. The church processions are still held on a certain area.
Through the market, the scents can be descended into the dungeons and move by hundreds of years ago, in times even before receiving Magdeburg law. There you are waiting for brick walls of old buildings, reconstruction of craft workshops, houses of houses 17 and 18th century, as well as multimedia modern presentations. For children, there is a game room and a mechanical theater "Legend of Old Krakow".
Mariatsky Catholic church
Boasts one of the largest altars of Europe. Polyptypes, the size of 11 x 13 m, was carved from the Linden Fate Rosom in 1477 – 89 years. Every day, from 11:50 you can admire paintings from the life of Holy Mary and Jesus Christ. Every hour from the tower sounds Heynal.
Gothic Renaissance Building with Muscarons, Designed by Santi Gucci. Earlier it was the market, but now it is one of the biggest passages with souvenir shops in Europe.At the zero floor there was a fairly famous cafe "Novorolsky", and on the first – the Gallery of the 19th century art gallery.
Theater of Slovak
Was designed and elevated in the places of demolished medieval hospitals, according to the model of the Paris Opera House in 1891-1893. The building is worthy of the title of one of the best theaters in Poland. Inside the curtains hang, with works by the art of Henric Semiradsky.
The oldest university of Poland was founded in 1364. Nikolai Copernicus, Carol Vojata and Pop John Paul II. Here is the first globe, on which America was depicted, dating from 1508. About 44,000 students are trained every year.
This is the parade residence of the head of state. During the Second World War, German General. In the courtyard is the oldest building in Krakow – Rotunda of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Inside the castle of the museum, royal chambers, treasury and weapons, also there is a renaissance furniture, and the walls are decorated with paintings with images of historical characters and kings. At the checkout provided a wide range of excursions, and in good weather you can walk to the waterfront and look at the Statue of the Dragon, the Monstering Flame.
Jewish quarter, which was once a separate city. It feels when you get here from the old city. Here is another atmosphere. On the one hand, the region, and on the other – the park. There are many old synagogues in the territory, and the most interesting is that inside which the historical museum was formed. There is also a famous Jewish cemetery on the street Honey (Miodowa), where many tourists from Israel.