Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan)

Kyrgyzstan (Official name – Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyzstan) is located south of Kazakhstan, also borders with China in the East, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the south and west. In the territory of Kyrgyzstan, there are anklava of Uzbekistan, which are considered controversial territories between countries. Capital – Bishkek.

How to get

The easiest way to get from Russia to Kyrgyzstan is direct flights. The cost depends on the city of departure (aircraft fly from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk and others), time of year and timing of tickets. Airplanes from Russia fly not only in the capital of Kyrgyzstan Bishkek, but also to the city of Osh.

Climate

In Kyrgyzstan, there is a sharply continental climate with all its charms: hot summer and rather cool winter, while in the Chui and Fergana Valleys climate goes into continental. Mountains Mountains strongly affect this picture, so four vertical climatic belts are clearly expressed in Kyrgyzstan: the valley-pre-pre-preinstall belt (in summer, the temperature can rise to +40 degrees, in winter – near zero), middle house belt (normal temperate belt with warm summer and cool winter ), the highlight belt (in the summer, the thermometer rarely shows above +20, and in winter it often comes to -20 degrees, very often the weather depends on the location of the slopes – on some and summer the temperature is at the level of 0 degrees) and the belt of perpetual snow with a cold summer and very Cold winter. In the area of ​​Lake Issyk-Kul, the temperature is always a few degrees above, and in the summer there is no strong heat because of the winds. The best time to visit Kyrgyzstan – September and May, and for high-mountainous regions – from March to November. Ascension can be performed throughout the year, but it already depends on the degree of climbers’ training and its equipment.

Citizens of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus for visiting Kyrgyzstan Visa is not needed. Moreover, Russia’s residents can enter the territory of Kyrgyzstan on the usual all-Russian passport.

Cities and regions

Kyrgyzstan is divided into two cities of republican importance – Bishkek and Osh – and seven areas: Batken (through her the most famous Fergana Valley is held), the highland Jalal-Abad, the most popular among tourists Issyk-Kul, Naryn, Osh, Talay and Chui. Also on the territory of Kyrgyzstan there are three Anklava Uzbekistan: Savsky district, Shahimardan and Chon Gara.

Where to stay

In Kyrgyzstan, you can book accommodation on the largest rental sites and apartments from Airbnb to Booking.Com. It is also worth watching offers on separate sites for renting housing in Kyrgyzstan, because many options are not in international services. In small towns in the mountains, it is easier to learn about housing already in place, especially since the locals themselves are often surrender to travelers. For the sake of entertainment, tourists can live in yurts in alpine pastures "Jilo".

Transport

To move between the cities of Kyrgyzstan, it is the most convenient to use buses and minibuses that go through all directions. Railway links Bishkek and Balykchi, Tokmokok and Kara-Balta. Flights take place between the cities of Bishkek and Osh, Jalalabad and Batken. But in general, you can shoot a car in Kyrgyzstan or fully redeem the route taxi in order not to depend on public transport.

Communication

Russian is the second official language after Kyrgyz: it owns more than half of the population, especially in major cities and tourist centers. In Bishkek, you can meet people who speak English, but more often in Kyrgyzstan speak in Kyrgyz, Uzbek or Russian.

Money

The official monetary unit of the country – Kyrgyz Som, the course of which is pretty much dependent on the ruble exchange rate. In Kyrgyzstan, the Russian standards are very cheap, given that it is possible to change the currency for local money very beneficially. Money is best to change in branches of banks and official exchangers. You can change both dollars and euros and rubles. In major cities, such as Bishkek and Osh, there are many ATMs of local banks, but from Russian cards you can make money only with the Commission. In some supermarkets take bank cards for payment.

Kitchen

Kitchen Kyrgyzstan Very fatty and nutritious. Meat dishes are most often made from lamb with a large amount of podliva, but the main dish is the soups based on broth. Also in Kyrgyz cuisine a lot of horseback dishes, beef and chicken. Pork in it is practically no: most Kyrgyz confess Islam.

A lot of dishes in Kyrgyzstan came from neighboring countries: pilaf, skewers, soup "Shorpo", Samsa and even manta, which are considered an original local dish. Kyrgyz constantly drink tea with milk: before meals, while eating and after eating. After a long journey in Kyrgyzstan, I want to eat "ordinary food" with bunting for breakfast, but it is possible to do it only in Bishkek and major cities.

Souvenirs

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan)

From Kyrgyzstan travelers carry felt hats, leather products (vessels, clothes and decorations), carpets from sheep wool, knives and daggers, as well as wood products. In the markets of Kyrgyzstan, despite the east flavor, rarely traded, but you can always try.

What to see and where to go

The main attractions of Kyrgyzstan are the mountains of Tien Shan and the Pamirs and the city of the Great Shelkovaya Path. On the territory of Kyrgyzstan, there is one of the largest and most beautiful lakes in the world of Issyk-Kul, alpine lakes Son-Koyl, Sary-Chelek, Ala-Kul. In the area of ​​Karakol, trekking lovers can perform long trips on ridges, valleys and glaciers, and in the winter to ride with the slopes of Cashk-Suu and Nirus. Climbers from all over the world go to the base camp of Lenin Peak for its conquest, and the connoisseurs of automotive travel remove the car and go on good roads of Kyrgyzstan along the mountain ranges and Issyk-Kul.

In Bishkek, despite his Soviet species, it is worth walking through the ancient Eastern Bazar Osh, go to the Central Square of Ala-Too and go to the Baytyak Valley Nature Park (beautiful place and just 30 minutes from the city) and Kashka Suu.

In the city of Osh, the Soviet heritage is very contrast to the Eastern and Islamic architecture: here are Madrasa Alimbek Paravanchi and Muhamedboy Chal Muratbayeva Truc, Sadykbaya Mosque and Shahid-Tepa. From Osh, you can go to the climbing camps of Lenin Peak and other peaks of the Pamirs.

Connection

Immediately after arrival in Bishkek at the airport, you can buy sims of local operators "O!"And" Megacom "who offer cheap communication in Kyrgyzstan almost everywhere. Russian operators work on the territory of the republic, but it is better to know the cost of roaming in advance. Wi-Fi works in almost all hotels and institutions, there are no problems at all.

Security

What to visit around

Travelers often combine Kyrgyzstan with neighboring countries: Kazakhstan (from Bishkek per night you can get to Alma-Ata), China, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. On the Internet there are a lot of forums that are devoted to the transition of mountain border points of Kyrgyzstan and China.

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan)

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