Vys-Kys, the court goes: animal processes

The processes over the brothers are less than the XVII century, the processes above the XVIII century (and in some countries, such incidents happened until the end of the last century), but regulated legislatively.

Administrative cases differed by humanism. "You’re the creature of God, I respect you," the judge appealed to the animal before making sentence. – You have the earth just like me; I should not desire your death. But you wander, you encourage my legacy, ruin my vineyards, devour my harvest. I will explain to you your guilt, I will pray for the Mercy of God, I will give you a place where you can exist, and then you must be removed; If you will persist, then I curse you ".

Be that as it may, "God’s creatures" react did not hurry. And then they were called to court. Sounds like nonsense, but do not forget: people in those days believed that everything alive is endowed with consciousness and may be responsible for their actions. True, and at the trial, the beast tried primarily to prevent, and not execute. At least for "small" offenses.

The creatures of God

Animals were considered as creatures, which they do, and obliged therefore responding, like people, on the basis of general laws

In the XIV century, the population of the Swiss town of chickens filed on white worms. The defendants to the meeting, of course, did not appear that they did not prevent the judges to endure a very loyal decision: "The above-mentioned worms are the essence of God’s creation, have the right to life, therefore, it would be unfair to deprive their livelihoods". Therefore, everything that was waiting for violators is a massive relocation to another area. Rather, the decree on eviction, which worms, of course, ignored.

In 1479, the inhabitants of several Swiss villages sued the larvae of the May beetle who ruined their crops. The larvae was appointed defender Jean Parrod, who spent two years to prove to the judges that the May beetles were also on a noah ark, and therefore it is impossible to punish them. What ended the case – a story is silent, but if you follow the caseient law, the maximum that larvae was waiting – deportation (and that on paper).

The injured party as a result was residents. In the same Switzerland, in 1545, the next batch of beetles condemned, deciding to evict the violators to another place, which was picked up for a long time. A document was drawn up, according to which the beetles were bothering in the new place of residence. The surrounding residents for a long time sought permission to walk through the meaning of the site and got it with the reservation that they would not cause any "damage to the pastures of Zhukov".

And in 1713 in Brazil, a process of termites that melted flour in the basement of one of the local monasteries took place in the basement. As usual, insects were sentenced to eviction, but they did not obey, therefore. The monks themselves moved. And what to do something – "God’s creatures"!

Mouse lawyer

The consequence is conducted in compliance with all formalities. The process usually ends with the death penalty

It would seem mice – excellent pests. But here you are – the sermors justified right and left. And the French lawyer Bartoloma Shassen in 1480 was even famous thanks to rodents. Those accused of damaging grains from the barn. But the accused to court did not appear. The legist led the case, resting that the location of mice and rats is too inaccessible, they live (turns out!) in deep norah, so they did not know that they should have come to the meeting. Attention to the lawyer’s arguments, the judges decided to announce the challenge of rodents in all villages.

Frivolous mice again ignored strict arbitrators. And here the resourceful Master Shassen came to the rescue, saying that the animals could not attend the meeting due to the hazard towing them everywhere in the form of cats and owls, and the path is not unbleached – through the forests, ravines ..

In general, it came to see the decision of each mouse individually, and not only to present, but also to prove that in causing damage to the crop of one or another – it is impossible, in fact, accuse everyone! Fortunately, not to do this – the judges realized that it was simply impossible.

Not everything, however, turned out to be so successful defenders like Chassen. Sometimes mice and rats really sentenced to resettlement, handing, however, each security certificates that should be saved from cats.

If it was not about civil matters – the judges were far from so merciful. Criminal cases started mainly in the case of physical damage to person or other animals. In the XIII century in France, for example, the pig was hanged by the fact that she devoured her own piglets. In 1314, the bull was sent to the gallop. And in the 1474th rooster burned for the fact that, as it seemed to the owners, he allegedly demolished the egg (the latter was also burned as "the fruit of the devil").

The details of these processes are unknown, but the case of a pig, which was tried in 1499 in the abbey of St. Joseph, replete details. Here are at least the text of the sentence: "Bearing in mind that according to the circumstances of the case arising from the process excited by the prosecutor, a three-month piglery caused by the death of a child by the name of the housing, which had a year and a half; Taking into account these investigators produced by the prosecutor, examined and listening to everything as regards the specified pig and the circumstances of the case, we have awarded it to hanging out. ". This is not enough. Before the execution of the pig they had to recover the fee "For the content in the conclusion – 6 Su Paris; On the remuneration of the executioner who arrived from Paris – 54 Su Paris; for a cart on which a pig was taken to execution – 6 su; For the rope that it was associated – 2 Su; total – 68 su ".

Were, however, more minor misconduct. Oslov sentenced to cut off the ear due to the fact that those loved to sweat on the vegetable salad leaves. Pots, who bused passersby, simply put in prison, as evidenced by, for example, the decision of the XVII century court that came to this day in one of the Austrian cities, where the dog is sentenced to a single conclusion (for which for what time is unknown).

Kys-Kys, the court is processes over animals

If not execute, so beta

Processes with mass respondents usually went long. If a single creature was accused, then the retribution overtowed them quickly

In 1120, Bishop Lausanne took off the church of the caterpillars and mice who did not want to fulfill the decision of the court, and in a year, entering the taste, did the same with flies. This time without trial and the investigation – just for the fact that these insects flew into church.

In 1690, the law of God against insects did not help. First, residents of the French region Overlin turned to the local bishop with a complaint of caterpillars, devastating gardens. People asked "to award these creatures to exile from the places in which they climbed with such a unheard of audacity". The merciful bishop costs the fact that the public prayers were appointed on this. Enchanted villagers decided to turn to the judge. The caterpillars were appointed defender, but that hopes "God’s creatures" did not justify. The verdict of the court was inexorab: "After listening to the parties and recognizing the fair complaint of the inhabitants, we offer the caterpillar to retire for six days, in the case of the non-fulfillment of this, we declare it to damn and exclusion from the church".

After that, judging by the records, there were several more processes over the tracks, by decision which they were proposed to move into certain places. And in some cases, as judicial papers indicate, the caterpillars were performed! And then "Recurria" happened again – pests were returned.

From witnesses to the accused

Exchange TopSi. In the background – unfinished "Electric Tower"

In medieval judicial practice, animals could act as not only accused, but also witnesses of the crime. The owner could bring a cat to the court (by the way, it was this animal in the Middle Ages most of all; cats at all times were considered "minions of Satan") or a dog. It existed, however, a considerable probability that witnesses could quickly turn into the accused. At least for not protecting the house from thieves (if the case of the robbery). To prove the fault of the unfortunate beast, "devout" arbitrators did not bent for torture with the Kalenny gland, dying and other mechanisms of inventive inquisitors. Casty cries of the animal were considered recognition of his guilt.

Obscurantism, oddly enough, continued in the XX century. Known, for example, the execution of elephants in the USA. One of the most famous – russely over an elephant named TopSi. For 15 years, the animal worked in a circus, and then due to the age he was written off for construction work. For a long time, TopSi managed in gravity, but the years of hellish work changed the nature of the beast – from good-natured Slonihi Trexi turned into an aggressor. The case ended in that the animal crushed two workers. Instead of sending a bustle to the zoo without unnecessary fuss, the judicial executive system has learned the impact process over it. We understood long (all this time of the elephant was under arrest), and then they decided to kill the animal with an electric current. January 18, 1904 in Brooklyn in front of the amazed public, Slonich was tied to two pillars. On the head and limbs fastened electrodes with wires and let the current. Trexi died in ten seconds, not a sound in this mad human world.

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