Kyustendil. Resorts of Bulgaria

Kyustendil Resort (50243 residents, 525 meters above sea level) is located in the most western outskirts of Bulgaria, just 27 kilometers through the air from the point where three borders are in contact – Bulgarian-Macedonian, Bulgarian-Serbian and Serbian-Macedonian. It is located in the southernmost part of the fertile Kyustendil brand, on both shores of the Banshtitsa River, relying on the most northern slopes of the border with Macedonia Mountains, the height of the year 2000 meters. Directly east along the city flows a large Bulgarian River Struma. Located 90 kilometers south-west of Sofia, 70 kilometers to the north-west of Blagoevgrad, 40 kilometers west of Dupnitsa and 22 kilometers to the northeast of the Border point with Macedonia – Gyeshevo. Balneological Resort National. Regional Center.

History of Kyustendila

Kyustendil is one of the oldest cities in Bulgaria. Fertile soils and warm mineral springs have attracted the Thracian tribes of Danteletti and Peonents, who are still in V-IV centuries. to R. xp. founded the village here.

In the first century, the Romans turned it into an important fortress, a shopping center and a well-known hydrotherapy resort, calling the city of Puttalia. In the 4th century, a fortress was built on the Hisarlyb Hill, which was reasured during the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I (527-565). After 553, the name of Pautalia is not found. In 1019, in the letter of the Byzantine Emperor Vasily II, the city is mentioned under the name Vobbyzh, it is probably in honor of some leader. The city was attached to the Bulgarian state during Tsar Kaloyan (1197-1207). From 1379 to 1395. His feudal lord – Konstantin Dragash, in honor of which the city was later renamed Kustandil, the land of Constantine. Since the mid-15th century, the Turks began to massively colonize the city and expose the Bulgarian population of assimilation, at the end of the Ottoman rule and especially after the release, the ethnic composition of the population is changing due to numerous immigrants from the territories remaining under Turkish slavery and from close settlements. In the Epoch of the Bulgarian National Revival, the city quickly developed and crushed. The school was opened at the church (1821.), His residents accepted active participation in church-liberation struggle. In the mountains operated revolutionary detachments of Ilya Voevod and Rumen of the Governor – one of the few women of the governor in Bulgarian history. Kyustendil was released on January 29, 1878. After liberation, some of the crafts serving the Turkish market were declining, but the production of tobacco was developed, and the balneological cause was growing.

Attractions Kyustendila

City Historical Museum Kyustendil (bodies. 078 23534) He started since 1897. Each of his departments is placed in different cultural and historical monuments: the archaeological department – in the building built in 1575 and interesting architecture. Department "The Epoch of the Bulgarian National Renaissance and the National Liberation Fight" – in the house of Ilya Governor, and the ethnographic department and "Development after liberation" – In an enfiegeiyev house, in which during the Russian-Turkish war, the commander of Russian troops was stopped.

The art gallery of Kyustendil enjoys special interest. Vladimir Dimitrov – Maistor (bodies. 078 24469, works with: 9.30 to 11.30 hours and from 14.00 to 18.00 hours, day off – Monday). It is placed in a special building, which is distinguished by original architecture and interior decoration. The main core of the exposition is over 200 Popular Artists of Vladimir Dimitrov – Maistra. The gallery is preserved and exhibited and the works of some of the outstanding Bulgarian artists, born or living in the city or in his area – Kirill Tsoneva, Assa Vasileva, Standing Vienne, Nikola Mirchev, Boris Koleva. Before the gallery, an impressive monument to the Maistor was built.

Asclepion Puttalia – Impressant Roman Waterpool and the Temple of God of Medicine Asclepia, built in II-III centuries. The entire building occupied an area of ​​3500 kV. meters. Rooms with a heating system, plumbing channels, architectural fragments, etc. It is located in the foundations of the current chief bath and mosque "Ahmed Bay".

Other Attractions Kyustendil: Churches -. George (XII-XIII centuries.) in the Quarter Koshev, the CV. Virgin (1816.), St. Dimitra (1866 g.), Pirka Tower (XVI – XVII centuries.), Wall of the B. Verkhni (1606 g.), Doctors House, Prokopiyev House, Old School (from 1894 g). Constructed monuments to Russian soldiers who died for the liberation of the city from Ottoman power, as well as in the wars (1912-1918.), Ilya Voevod, n. TO. Javorov.

Balneology in Kyustendile

One of the most valuable wealth of Kyustendil is mineral water, which beats 40 keys at the foot of the Hisarlyc Hill with temperature up to 73.4 ° Celsius. In Kyustendil, there are several mineral baths, a summer bath with 3 outdoor pools, sanatoriums, holiday homes. Kyustendil and its surroundings are known as Bulgarian Fruit Garden – Most of Most Cherries, Drying, Apples, and DR.

Kyustendila hotels

In addition to the resort base, there are several hotels in Kyustendil: "Vobbyzh" (opposite the station and bus station, Bul. Bulgaria, 46), "Pautalia" (next to the central square, bul. Bulgaria, 1), "Sport Palace" (ul. Kalosy, 15), "Hisarlyca" (in Hisarlyca Park). There are no problems regarding nutrition – there is a large agricultural market, shops, good restaurants, cafes and t.D.

Tourist Information – Tourist Society "Sovarovo" (in the center, ul. Tsar Mikhail, 5, bodies. 078 22154, 24232, 22622). Apartment Bureau (bodies. 078 22090).

Transport Kyustendila

Kyustendil binds to the country through bus and rail transport. Supports a regular bus line every hour with the capital, as well as with all close larger cities – Pernik, Dupnitsa, Blagoevgrad, and DR. Regular buses run and in all villages of the district. Because of his proximity to Macedonia there is enough bus lines and there. Bus station (tel. 078 22626) and railway station (078 29164) are nearby in the northern part of the city. City – Home Railway Station on the Sofia Railway – Kyustendil – Gyeshevo, and in the near future she will contact the railway network of the Republic of Macedonia. In Kyustendil, there is a city bus transport.

The neighborhood of Kyustendila

Kyustendil. Resorts of Bulgaria

In the immediate vicinity, south of Kyustendil, in the lower ramifications of the mountains of the Mountains, the Park Hisarlyb. Among the beautiful pine forest planted at the end of the XIX and early XX centuries., There are fortresses, hotel, restaurants, pedestrian alleys, gazebos, beautiful cottages. Spring holiday is held annually in the park (around March 22).

Kyustendil – entrance doors in Beautiful Mountains Ash, where there are many objects of interest. The marked pedestrian route takes consistently in the village of Theologian (the asphalt road from Kyustendil in the tourist base passes through it "Tritte Buka" – 5 kilometers), vulgar "Ignika" (about 3 hours, on the highway – 11 kilometers, bodies. 078 23132), Tourbase "Sovarovo" (4.30 minutes, on highway -17.5 kilometers) and a tourist "Tritte Buki" (about 5 hours, on the highway – 19.5 kilometers, located above all other -1550 meters, bodies. 078 22332). Before the village can be reached on regular bus transport.

Turbaza "Tritte Buki" It is the main starting point for many designated routes in the mountains of the Sovarovo, to many tops around, as well as to the top of the mountains – the top of the Rien (2252 meters located on the Border Line itself with Macedonia – 4 hours). More information about the mountains can be obtained in the tourist society in the city.

13 kilometers south-east of Kyustendil, in the current village of Nesusno (buses between Kyustendil and Dupnitsa stop here), there is Cadin (Nepusin) Bridge over the River Struma – one of the largest engineering and building structures in Bulgaria XV century. It is built of supracted granite in 1469-1470. On the old and important in the past road Tsargorod – Plovdiv – Samokov – Kyustendil – Skopje. The bridge has 6 impressive arches. Preserved memorable inscription.

The village of Shishkovtsy is located 10 kilometers north of Kyustendil and has a large collection of cloths of Vladimir Dimitrov-Maistor, who lived and worked here as many as 27 years. Village – Railway Station on the Railway Sofia – Kyustendil – Guehshevo. There is a bus connection to the city.

39 kilometers north of Kyustendil, on the railway in Sofia, is the city of the earth, near which in the XI – XII centuries. The historical earth monastery was erected, whose painting of the XIV century – among the most valuable in the Bulgarian lands of those times.

22 kilometers from the city of the earth, between the Konavoy and the Mountains of the River Struma created the unprecedented charm, named earth gorge. It is a miniature copy of the county gorge. There are bizarre rocks – Agapis, Shed, Golubinski Rock and T.D. There are also brown karst sources, odd caves, scenic meanders and t.D.

Majestic Polical-Skakavish Waterfall (50-meter) under the village of Skakvitsa Prince (Eat Railway Station).

At the exit of the gorge, near the village of Knife, you can get into the fantastic canyon of the drying river Schegawa (the left tribute of the strishes). In 1909, the Sofia Railway – Kyustendil was laid in the Earth Gorge. There is no highway and on foot can only go along the railway.

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