La Gomera Island (La Gomera)
La Gomera (La Gomera) or simply Gomera – Island as part of the Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean, next to the northwestern coast of Africa, west of the island of Tenerife. Population – 23,076 people (2011).
There are several theories regarding the origin of the name «La Homer». For one of them, is the island named after the city of Penon de Veles de la Gomera (PEñóN de VéLEZ De La Gomera) located on the territory of North Africa.
La Homer Island has volcanic origin and rounded shape, approximately 22 km in diameter. Area of territory – 369.76 km². Today is the only island in the main group on which there are no traces of volcanic activity. The last eruption occurred here about 2 million. years ago.
The highest point of the island is the peak of Garagonai (1487 m) located on the territory of the eponymous Garajonay National Park, which is part of the UNESCO World Heritage List. The park has a unique ecosystem of the tertiary period – the bay forest.
And although from the neighboring Tenerife, it seems that the entire island of La Homer is located with a solid fog, and the tops are wounded by a dense layer of clouds, at the very bottom of the valleys descending to the ocean and on the beaches – the sun is almost always shining.
The economy of the island has historically been based on agriculture – the cultivation of bananas and vegetables, as well as the extraction of palm honey and the production of alcoholic beverages from it. Since the island is mainly mountainous, terraces and an extensive network of irrigation canals were built for the development of agriculture.
In recent years, the economic development of La Homer was focused on tourism. There are new tourist resorts focused on long-term stay of tourists. Local authorities are trying to change the current situation, when almost 75% of visitors of the island come here to get acquainted with the pristine nature only in one-day tours.
Climate on La Homere – subtropical.
The average air temperature on the island all year round fluctuates at the mark +25 °C, thanks to which La Homer is often called the island of eternal spring.
In the high-mountainous areas of the islands falls the greatest amount of precipitation. Because of the almost constant exposure to trade winds, the northern part of La Gomer is more wet and rainy, and the southern side is more arid.
The temperature of the water in the ocean is almost always in the range of 20-22 ° C.
In the north of La Homers, you can observe a unique natural phenomenon – «Horizontal rain», Forming from fog.
La Homer is considered the most green island on the Canaries.
The headwaters of the island of the island are almost constantly shrouded in clouds and fog, and, as a result, covered with magnificent and diverse vegetation (evergreen fern, laurels, cedar, juniper, Mirt, Agava, Spification and many others).
Among animals and plants there are many endemics.
Perhaps the main endemic look of the island is the rarest giant lizard of La Gomer (Gallotia Bravoana).
From rare species of birds deserve mention of a laurel dove and a pigeon pain, dwelling only on the Canary Archipelago.
In the summer of 2012, 11% of the island’s territory burned as a result of catastrophic fires, including several hundred hectares of the Garakhonai National Reserve.
One of the unusual cultural attractions of La Gomer is «Homerically whistle» (Silbo Gomero, Silbo Homero) – Language based on the indigenous population of the islands – Guangers.
With this, the shepherd wrestler in the past could talk through numerous crossing island of gorge and ravines.
The carriers of "Silbo" as it were to highlight the words of the Spanish language (initially the language was founded in the language of Guangchi).
Today, the "humble whistle" is the national domain of the island and taught in local schools.
La Homer Island is associated with neighboring Tenerife by air traffic.
Flights between the islands are made by the airline Binter Canarias.
Also La Homer has a ferry message with Tenerife, La Palma and El Yerro.
Daily from the Tenerife port of Los Cristianos here are ferries and high-speed boats (the distance of about 32 km), which arrive in the capital of La Gomer – the city of San Sebastian. Time on the road on the ferry about 1 hour and 40 minutes, on a high-speed vessel – about 45 minutes.
La Homer is difficult to name the paradise for beach tourists, as the coast of the island is mostly rocky and rolling.
But, nevertheless, the beaches here are quite a lot, most of the non-screens, covered with black volcanic sand or stones, and are usually located in small bays.