Lake dried tears
In the American state of Utah, near the city of Salt Lake City, there is one of the largest salt lakes on Earth. Surely, any fresh-grade student from Geofak is very scientifically and in detail will be able to explain its origin. However, estimating the last half a century of the history of this unique place, it may seem that a huge, perfectly smooth white plateau is dried tears of joy and sadness. Euphorias of those who still approached infinity, and the tragedy of those who mourned another madness, in this infinity of the past. For the past 90 years, these dramas are played with a certain periodicity on the perfect smooth salt crust of the lake, which turned into the largest movie and a television platform in the world, a platform where sensations are born.
US state of Utah is known to the Russians "Burner River Colorado", with a reeer and cooper, yes for Mormons who, if you believe Conan Doyle found the shelter in these not very gentle places. However, the most important landmark sight is a large salt lake, a unique natural phenomenon. Depending on the time of year, it can change its area – from 2.5 thousand square kilometers to 6. However, this impressive reservoir area is only a small part of the once existing one, but now the dried huge and the same salted glacial lake Bonneville. Water dried, and salt remained, so those who in 1847 founded Salt Leuxi, knew what could be done here – first of all to extract salt. So, in the works and concerns, in the provincial wilderness, lived, lived a small town, while on the eve of the first world, someone did not paint a brilliant idea.
The essence of this idea was extremely simple – at the end of the summer and early autumn, when there are practically no rainy here, Lake Mel. And just like after the low tide the perfectly sleek beach remains, it is formed perfectly smooth and sniff in the sun, a rather durable salt peel. And so, the Americans began to slowly use this natural autodrome for high-speed races. However, the present pilgrimage "kings speed" It started there only in the mid-30s. Prior to that, they were quite satisfied by other natural and artificial trails – and above all – Indianapolis and Diton Beach. The latter was nothing more than an ordinary beach, only wide enough and long enough to spend high-speed races there. The greatest advantage was a geographical position: Florida, with idle rich, always provided a good financial feeding of attempts to establish another record, a lot of viewers and good "Choosing" in press. However, by the beginning of the 30s, when the question of the possession of the absolute record of the speed was not only a personal, but also state prestige, Diton stopped satisfying the recordrsmen at once for several reasons. By 1934, the absolute record of speed on land was 438 kilometers per hour. These speeds achieved on special, rather complex and powerful cars required a completely different strength of the coating. "Blue Bird-4", Record car then "King speed" Scots of Malcolm Campbell, developed power in 2 and a half thousand horsepower, but the essential part of it went on "Games in sandbox", That is wheels just dug sand and slipped. In addition, the record races in Dyton more than once turned around tragedies – numerous yawats literally climbed under the wheels. And that to the proximity to the press, the games with the speed of steel in the 30s are so popular that journalists and newsreel was ready to go for new sensations not that to the West America – at least in Africa, even on the edge of the world.
So at the very end of the summer of 1935, Campbell brings to Utah converted "Blue bird", Hoping to put another record. On the salt crust, there are a track, and in early September, the Scotman beats his own record, and at the same time exceeds the cherished line of 300 miles per hour – its speed is almost 485 kilometers per hour. On this, a living legend of the struggle for the absolute record that held the whole world in voltage for the last 12 years, went on peace and settled in his castle in Scotland, leaving the descendants new landmarks – geographical and temporary. Heritage did not fail to take advantage. Already in 1937, on the shore of a large salt lake, the British pilot in resignation George Eyston crashes. He brings to America a crazy three-axle car "Lightning" With two 12 cylinder engines with a total capacity of 5,000 horsepower and in two years, it raises the bar of the absolute record to 575 kilometers per hour. However, already in the 38th, almost in the eyes of Eisno, the title of the fastest person on the planet he takes the compatriot John Cobb, who is on a fundamentally friend, and, interestingly, the all-wheel drive car shows in 39th 594 kilometers per hour.
During the war, others were raised, much more terrible records, and most of the current and future bidders for the Lavra changed the overalls on military uniforms. But after the Second World War, the American part of the persecution of the absolute record of speed began – they could not accept the fact that there were some foreigners on their land. However, the British still said their last word – September 16, 1947, Johnn Cobb, putting over the pre-war machine and shook dust into it, shows fantastic 634 kilometers per hour. And for 16 years comes calm.
Rather, this record keeps this record. And attempts to conquer it do not stop. An initiative in his hands take the Americans, record cars are trying to build and experienced engineers, and Yents who are more guided by intuition. On the Big Salt Lake, they boil passion and the first tears are pouring. However, more and more professionals are connected to business, and in 1960, the title of King Speed finally receives, the American – they are becoming the personality of the legendary – Mickey Thompson, the owner of the National Records 118. After 10 years of righteous work, a car appeared "Challenger" With four eight-cylinder engines with a total capacity of 2600 horsepower. He literally flew on it above the salt crust, showing 639 kilometers per hour. However, even before the tears of joy appear on the face of the newly illuminated champion, someone has already shed tears according to the opposite occasion. A few days before a record race "Challenger", The first tragedy took place on the lake, which was widely publicized. The young car mechanic from Salt Lake City also decided to make his contribution to the fight for the record and show the fact that local guys are capable of. By building your own record car, he went to the start. Yes, his brainchild was far from excellence, but not devoid of original technical solutions – a 12-cylinder aircraft engine was installed in the fuel tank from the bombard B-47. The same tank has become a kind of carrier body of the car, providing her, according to the creator’s plan, not bad aerodynamics. By the way, this car cost a guy at 5 with more than thousands of dollars – the amount is very considerable at that time, you can only imagine how much the same "Challenger"! So, Graham goes to the record, but, the car capricious. One, second, third attempts. And so, at speeds under 500, the car is broken away from the track, and, using the terminology from the top pilot area, "After performing a hill", hits the front of the salt crust. Details from the car were still found almost for a kilometer from the place of the tragedy. Graham died a few hours later in the hospital. However, this tragedy did not interfere with another applicant – a doctor from Los Angeles to try its own, no less than the original design – a real missile on four wheels called "Flying rod". Apparently, there was a rod of God Mercury. But the car was remembered not by his strange name, but by the fact that, perhaps, he did not know, Ostich, not very well, but the first stepped on the way that then all other applicants for the title go "the fastest person on earth", – The possibilities of piston engines were practically exhausted, the era of jet cars.
Interestingly, for another 6 years before Ostiar, in 1954, at the other end of the Earth, in the city of Gorky, a record car was created with a jet engine from the MIG 17 fighter 17 GAZ-TP. However, in one of the secret races, the car suffered an accident – the metelle racer broke a finger on his leg actually got off with a light fright, but the car received very serious damage, and further work on it was discontinued. But, anyway, the world’s first jet car with a fighter engine appeared in the Soviet closed city of Gorky. And for this reason no one knew about it.
Another Sorvigolova did not know about it, who came for glory to a large salt lake, – Craig Brydlav. It was he was destined to become the first who will establish an absolute record on the reactive car. Rather, his three-wheeled car was actually a reduced copy of the EF-104 fighter, only with short planes that ended with fairing hiding wheels. By the way, the then propaganda in Sottarns called the saint-Lake City of the Mandrels not otherwise as gladiators, and their bollis – homemade, incense with breathable carts collected from parts from car landfills. In fact, whole groups of talented engineers worked on these machines, and the hulls were blocked in aerodynamic pipes. Too high speeds no longer recognized frank amateurness and demanded aviation technologies and techniques – for example, a lot of attention was paid to the brakes and tires that had to withstand hellish loads. Tires, by the way, were created by leading companies separately under each order, and as for the brakes, brake parachutes were already used on jet cars. In one of them kakieto "kind people" Bryidlav hydrochloric acid in front of one of the races. Pilot miraculously survived, and his "Spirit of America" Braided salt swamp. The car was injured, but was restored, and, despite all the goats of the enemies, after once it goes to the start, setting one record after another, and in 1964 it reaches 846 kilometers per hour. By the way, the automotive federation has long refused to register Bhidlava’s records because there were only three wheels on his car and none of them were leading. However – curiosity – these achievements willingly appropriated motorcycles. By the way, there, in the 1960th Salt Lake in the 1960s, Scotland Donald Campbell, the Son of the Great Record, tried to put an absolute record on "Normal" car – driven on wheels. Do I need to say what the car was called "Blue bird"? From the spilled sweat and tears of despair, the lake has become even straight, but not submitted. Already the first check-in almost ended the tragedy – the car unfolded sideways, and she, bouncing and hitting the ground, swept a few hundred meters at speed at 500. The pilot received a crack of the skull, several strong bruises, but did not leave his plan. However, he managed to put a record only shortly before Bridge, in the same 64th, but not in Utah, but in distant Australia, on the Salt Lake Eyre. But this is a completely different story, and we will return to Salt Lake City, where the most desperate people began to think over the conquest of the sound barrier. "Green monster" Art Armons noted the day of the October Revolution as another record. On November 7, 1965, he raises the bar to an unprecedented mark of 928 kilometers per hour. The Arconce was a man with humor, and in his car there were two cabins, in one of which he is counted by fans of acute sensations. Not for just so, of course.
But the next word in conquering speed was told only in 1970. Pilot Harry Gabelich by car "Blue flame", built on the money of gas magnates, for the first time exceeds the line of 1000 kilometers per hour – the speed of the most complex and very expensive apparatus equipped with a reduced copy of the reactive installation with space "Apolloon", amounted to 1014,214 kilometers per hour. The world is painted, but resist. Specialists from the University of Ohio, Chicago Technology Research Institute, Technical Institute of Illinois worked on the car. Above the car worked if not the whole country, then a significant part of it. And, despite the fact that the calculated 1600 kilometers per hour could not be achieved, "Blue flame" Forever entered the story as one of the most advanced record cars. And the speed of sound still conquered, though, already a pilot of another car – rocket-like "Budweiser", named so in honor of the beer trademark speaking the general sponsor of the project. 1028 kilometers per hour – this was the achieved limit. But not the limit of the car, but the limit of the track – the ideal one who seemed to be the ideal one, the dried salt could no longer provide the necessary smooth surface, and the length of smooth areas was missing for rabid velocities. And the record holders left the Great Salt Lake in search of other places – the same "Budweezer" Overcome the sound barrier: Pilot Stan Barret acted on it to 1190 kilometers per hour at Edward Air Base in California. However, this record was not registered. And the fastest car in the world today is recognized by the British Trust-2. Officer of the Royal Air Force Andy Green on October 25, 1997 exceeded the speed of sound on it, disintegrating up to 1142 kilometers per hour. But this happened, alas, either not on a big salt lake, but in Nevada. However, at Saltleik City still gather lovers of high speeds – to install records in various classes of cars, in speeding from the place, and just ride with the breeze. So there is a lot of tears there. Tears of immense joy from victories and endless sadness from failures and tragedies. Such is the fate of those who are trying to overtake the speed. And because of these tears, a freshly large salt lake never be.