Lake Houhai in Beijing
They have a traditional structure for China: three front and three rear lakes. While the atmosphere of political correctness is dominated on the front lakes, the simple people are having fun, filling countless bars, restaurants, eaters and discos, as well as riding the lakes on the rental of boats.
On the two most southern lakes (Jognnanhai), during the time of Mao Zedong was organized ; Blacksmith Personnel Elite ; and was created new ; Forbidden City ; in Pekin. At the then standards built here at home were considered chic. Today, they may even seem modest, due to which most of the high-ranking Chinese party officials live now on their giant villas in the Western Mountains, while mid-level frames are forced to be content with apartments in the vicinity of the Summer Palace.
The northernmost three front lakes is surrounded by Park Bayyhai, who since the fall of the monarchy (1911) became accessible to the simple people.
Specially dyeing channels connect the palace ditch, as well as all six lakes with the artificial lake Kunming on the territory of the Summer Palace. In the time of dynasty, the yuan canals and lakes were significantly deeper. There are even documents confirming that Barki fully loaded with grain could swim straight into the lake, delivering their cargo directly to the ultimate goal.
When the construction of the palace was carried out about 1420, due to the elimination of the palace RVA and the increase in the area of the lakes was lost such a number of water that only flat-bottomed barges could now swim. Territories around the lakes were rebuilt under the zone of walks and recreation for the inhabitants of the Palace. At the same time, the possibility of moving between the Imperial Palace and the Summer Palace was preserved. On the banks of the rear lakes for the nobility were built of houses that were partially restored in recent years. And the whole terrain around the lakes is still considered an exceptionally welcome and prestigious place to housing.
Those who can not afford to remove one of the court houses can spend one of the soft summer nights on the shore of the lake. Water in the lakes were purified, the tracks on their shores were strengthened and repaired, in addition, an unimaginable number of all kinds of restaurants, beer, bars and discos opened here. On the Western and Eastern shores of Kwianhai (the most southern out of the rear lakes), holidaymakers attract establishments with setting couches and comfortable chairs.
Bridge of silver bars
If you continue the path further, the track will lead to the silver ingot bridge (Qingdincavo), which today is not very used by visitors, although in 1984 it was built anew. The story of the bridge leaves the roots in the 18th century and the so-called was opened from here ; classic panorama ;. During the sunset, it was necessary to look in the west direction from the bridge, while the water appeared to views like a silver stream, and the Western mountains were shrouded in evening clouds. This type was called ; mountain view from silver bars bridge ; and repeatedly praised both classical Chinese poetry and painting.
Today, alas, the mountain view is completely blocked by various buildings. Yes, and enjoy the evening glow in Beijing is already very problematic. Instead of this, there are many restaurants and kabaks, from which interesting and not very music is constantly coming.
If you turn left behind the bridge, that is, go along the north bank of the lake, then you can walk to the Sun Qinglin Museum, which is a memorial house in which there lived a former vice president and spouse of the founder of the state Sun Yatsen.
Residence Prince Honga
In the weakening of the streets of the south of the lake is the estate of Prince Hong (Gongvanguch). Prince Gong (1833-98), the brother of Emperor Kesion Fenga, in the middle of the 19th century was an influential international politician who constantly conflicted with the colonial authorities, but at the same time concluded with them some very important treaties for China.
Its residence is located in a large, decorated partially in the park style garden. Long winding tracks connect separate buildings with each other. Prince was a big fan of the Beijing Opera, so he organized his own theater in the garden. A few years ago, this theater was renovated, and now from time to time it can see various classic theatrical productions.