Located in a strategically important place near the northern entrance to the Mozambique Strait, Comoros always attracted the attention of peoples inhabiting this region. The first people appeared on the islands, as it is even in the time of the formation of humanity, and numerous archaeological finds indicate the kinship of the ancient population of the islands with representatives of modern Polynesian cultures, which emphasizes the skills of ancient seurrets and strong trading ties established between the Komorami and civilizations of Ancient Asia. Repeatedly mentioned in the ancient chronicles and manuscripts, as well as in many sacred texts of all religions of the old world, these small areas of land in the Middle Ages played a major role in the prosperous economy of the West of the Indian Ocean, being part of an ancient marine civilization connected to Africa, Asia, Mediterranean and even countries Far East. In the XV-XVI centuries, comorors, or as they were called at the time – Jazee Al-Komor ("Islands of the Moon"), fall under the power of Arab clans and Persian-Shirazi, who contributed to the development of the rich traditions of Islamic culture and architecture, trade and crafts. At the same time, the Maoutan Maorov, or Mavuti, who became the basis of the national identity of local residents.
After the appearance of Portuguese fleets of Diego Diaz and Ferdinand Chaares in these waters (1503 g.), Comorors have become one of the main bases of European trade expeditions, as well as the Base of Madagascar Corsaars. In 1832, Mayoten falls under the authority of the Madagascar Sultan Adrianzoli, already in 1833 he was won by the neighboring sultanate of Moklia (Mokhli), and at the end of 1835 he moves under the control of the Sultanate of Nzuvani (Anjouan). However, in 1836, the island restores its independence at the last Sultan Machore. So the traditions of sovereignty from the Comoros here "Raised" History itself.
In 1843, Mototeta, together with the rest of the Comorian Islands, passed under the control of France. In 1947, the Comoros became a separate colony of France, in 1961 they received autonomy and, seven years later, at the time of the excitement metropolis, declared independence. At the same time, Maotta residents, whose importance by that time decreased due to the transfer of the capital of the islands from Dzaoudzi to Moroni (Ngazyj, Grand Comor island), did not hurry to go out from under the custody of the metropolis. This is the only island of the archipelago, which during the two referendums (1974 and 1976.) Not only retained its connection with France, but also actively resists the entry into the independent Comoros.
Currently, Mayotte is a rather unusual political and tourist destination. On the one hand, this is one of the last fragments of the French Colonial Empire, who kept all the signs of his past. On the other hand, one of the most distant and low-transmitted EU enclaves, which has enough modern placement and recreation facilities, but in return provides excellent conditions for active and extreme rest. And, that is important, it is one of "cultural reserves", allowing you to get acquainted with the traditions and customs of the indigenous peoples of the archipelago, without visiting enough unstable in the political aspect of the Comoros.
Located on the island of Grand Ter, the capital is the most densely populated commune Mayotte. The old capital of Mayottes and all Comoros – Dzaudzi lies on the small island of Pamanji (PH-Ter), just 2.5 km east of Mamujz, who acquired its modern status in 1977, after separation from the Comoros Islands. Since then, the capital has undergone little change – all the same rapidly sprawl quarters of residential buildings in the traditional local style and all the same palm trees and eucalyptus streets. The city is not big to sights. Its a few decorations can be considered, perhaps, only the center of cultural heritage, a complex of government buildings, carefully restored mosque and the royal graves of the sixteenth century in the suburb of Cingoni (the old capital of Sultanate Machore) and colorful local markets.
The architecture of Mayottes, unpleasant to the Comoros, is too simple to pay attention to her. Unlike Arabic influence, easily noticeable in architecture and life on the rest of the Comoros, Mayotte has no signs of Islamic influence. Houses are located on wide open streets, more reminiscent of European Mediterranean layout. Instead of seeking the sky of mosques and picturesque mode, you can see only globitate or wooden huts covered with coconut leaves. Most often are the so-called "Bangas" – Quinte enough on the view of the canopy, as if constructed by adolescents or hippies, individually painted, covered with intricate graffiti and decorated into some easy, "flying" manner with the most unimaginable combination of colors and objects.