Landscape after a horse
If you want to return to the past – go to Mongolia. The rapid progress, changing the eyes of our planet, almost did not touch this country. Of course, the external signs of world civilization here are: cars and televisions, refrigerators and phones, cameras and calculators. But the way of life remained the same as there was many years ago: exactly half of the population continues to live in yurts, wearing national clothes and wander in light – naturally, within national boundaries.
The steppe tradition of the inhabitants of endless expanses and laid in genes to change the places forcing the Mongols to drag a few days along with Skarboga, livestock and household to put the yurt near the next hill, like the same as two drops of water. The owner of a city apartment and a fluffy cat may seem to be a meaningless priest, and in fact everything is explained simply: the master’s herd crushed the grass around the old housing, and here is already one "Viskas" Will you no longer – a field for a new grazing. If you rephrase a famous song (deepest sorry Nikolay Slichenko): "Mongol without a horse – what a bird without wings".
For Mongols, hoofs have always been loyal friends in battle and loved ones – in the form of horseradish and kums – dishes on the table. Marko Polo wrote: "There is a need for, so jump, I will tell you, ten days without food, without breaking fire, and feed on the blood of their horses: puzzled by the living and drink".
Mongolian national costume, which is still worn everywhere, adapted to horseback riding no worse than the English costume – for Derby. Footwear – felt boots, or buzz, with wide shine and curved up the noses. Dalel Brown – Long Bathrobe with Standing Collar, Subscribed by Cusha. Malgai, parent of the Russian word "Malahai", – Traditional headdress with convolutions in the form of a cone, to the top of which the red ball with a tassel is attached. The outfit is complemented by hanging on the belt, a knife and a brush. This is how the leader of the Mongolian Revolution of the Suke Bator installed in the capital, the city of Ulan-Batar.
Every year during the biggest holiday Naad in Mongolia held ambitious jumps on which almost the whole country comes. Historians claim that the roots of this tradition come from the third century to our era, from those times when the Hunn tribes were happressed here, enhancing the spirits of forests and water. In later times, the competition was arranged around the Mount of Bogdo-Ul, according to the legend of saved once Genghis Khan from enemies. And now this holiday is dedicated to the anniversary of the Mongolian revolution. In addition to equestrian drive, there are archery tournaments and national struggle, but they pass on the usual urban stadium.
Nadom’s jumps are held on six age categories: stallions, full, five-year plates, four-, three- and two-year-olds. Depending on age, they run away from 15 to 30 kilometers. The track steppe, specially not prepare it. Almost 10 participate in competitions.000 Skakunov. Who took the first five places in each group sing praise and sanctify them by Kum. Then follows the ceremony of awarding horsemen and horses owners. The first prize is two million tugres ($ 1.200), which is a huge amount for a resident of a poor country. In addition, the entire next year to the stallions leaders lead horses for crossing. The other type of breeding in Mongolia does not recognize, and the owners of the four-legged winners receive a good source of constant income to the following races.
In the role of jokes, boys and girls are 4-12 years old. This does not mean the operation of child labor, they simply weigh less than parents. Mongolian children are beautiful riders: at first they are taught to stay in the saddle, and then go. Jumps pass three days in a row on a huge field, fifteen kilometers from Ulan Bator. Participants go to whole families, put the yurts and stick into the land of the poles, and between them stretch the ropes for tosing horses. Here trading immediately: lemonade, household goods, toys, receivers, clothing, clothing are sold from the autolators, comes from where they get to the nearest stationary store and do not shoot.
Getting to the parking field from the city can be found on the flight bus. But during the rake, the people are stuck in it more than in the car of the Moscow metro at the rush hour, and it is still necessary to take into account that the bus is still less than the carriage. It is best to take a taxi, especially since the prices here are ridiculously low and the trip will cost 2-3 dollars.
Jumps start at noon, but it is necessary to come for three hours – otherwise it will not get a place on the podium and will have to sit right on Earth.
In each race there are about a hundred small cavalryrs in traditional clothes with breast numbers. Shouting something, they first circle around the tower on which the judges are sitting and hanging the national flag. The signal to the start is a blow to a large drum. In the same moment, the contesions clouds cloud of shooting dust – and stretching to the horizon with mad speed, carrying away the slept, already invisible riders. Minutes after forty, already one by one, mercilessly glory on the sides of said horses, riders return to the finish. The first five winners viewers welcome the song "Top of ten thousand". But the horses from this are not easier – their eyes get out of the orbits, legs are cut off, the cereals swell and are drawn like pottery fur. They ask for water, but you can drink no earlier than in an hour and a half. Some immediately fall to death. What can you do – Natural selection. As reported by his emperor, the Chinese envoy to Mongols Zhao Hong: "They say to herself: if not jumping on a horse and not shoot from the bow, then nothing more and have fun".