Large jump Mao Zedong

China Salad not only by world attractions, but also by the destructive politics of Mao Zedong. The largest social catastrophe of the twentieth century entered the litword called the country called "Large jump". In the history of China, this, indeed, was a big jump, only not towards prosperity, the development of the state, but in the direction of the extermination, destruction and politicization of the Company. The campaign lasted 2 years (1958-1960), but her echoes still sounded not one decade in the life of the Chinese people.

Mao Zedong was declared, it would seem that the promising nationwide goal of a large jump: the rapid rise in economics and the strengthening of the industrial industry. "Three years of stubborn labor – 10,000 years of happiness". But the ways to achieve this goal led to tragic consequences.

China was an agrarian state, Mao decided to modernize agriculture due to the creation of folk communes. "Communization" Siel envisaged a combination of folk communes of four industries: industry, enlightenment, agriculture, military affairs. A new plan was developed for 5 years (1958-1962). The second Chinese five-year plan got the name "Big Jump". It was planned to accelerate economic development several times. Special focus was made to the metallurgical industry: an increase in smelting steel was 10 times.

Modifying the social structure

People’s Commune has been proclaimed the basis of the future of an ideal society. The main principle of the Commune was the publication of the life of their members. The money was replaced by workloads, household plots were liquidated, the commune became an administrative cell. The life of peasants is strictly painted: together to work, together in the dining room and t.D. The peasants were to develop and industry: to produce inventory, transport, melting metal. There are also classes on their shoulders "Politzovenia". This led to a lack of labor and time for such versatile rural activities. Fields stood untreated, the results were sacrificed, more and more were practiced, metamorphous reports on ideal successes in agriculture.

Imaginary industrialization

The rate in the rise of the economy was done on the development of the metallurgical industry. But on paper, all the steps of the jump up are spelled out, and the real prerequisites, knowledge and infrastructure for the production of steel was not. The ovens are built from clay, they drown on firewood. Handicraft steelmaking craft could not contribute to high indicators. Low quality cast iron limited its use, and, as a result, the economy tolerates losses calculated in billion. The tops were happy with a comprehensive rise, and the bottoms were afraid to inform the truth.

Polygon for experiments

During the time of a large jump, the special emphasis was made on agriculture, which became a field for all sorts of tests of new systems and technologies. Many innovations did not find practical application or turned out to be unprofitable for agriculture. For example, the construction of the irrigation system was not effective due to the lack of qualified specialists. Experiments with grain sowing, conducted by the development of academician Lysenko, led to a decrease in the crop.

Special page of unreasonable action during the time of the big jump – the extermination of the sparrow. If the bird is not to give a bit of a few tens of seconds, her heart burst. And now millions of young people, leaving their studies, begin their procession in the country, publishing all sorts of sounds, frightening birds. Putting in plenty, collected the dead sparrows in the body of cars and passed around the city with undisguised joy on the face. But the joy was short. The invasion of the army of the caterpillars eliminated the crops. Nature revenged for the cynical destruction of one of his species. The extermination of Vorobyov was the cause of the violation of environmental equilibrium: the population of insects increased, they swept yields.

Large jump Mao Zedong

Results of a big jump

A huge number of Chinese was involved in the smelting of steel and the extermination of sparrows, so the crops were low. To fill the crust, the peasants are selected grain. It leads to hunger. Nature added trouble with a simple people of the country: the spill of the Yangtze River leads to a flood, abandoning the lives of two million people.

Against the background of universal hunger and the failures of power, it is managed to allocate funds for ideologically important buildings. In 1959, the most important political building of the country is built – the house of the people’s assembly. He is erected in Beijing on Tiananmen Square. The building is among the top ten "Great buildings", built to the 10th anniversary of the PRC. In just 10 months, this attraction of China has been built with a total area of ​​171,800 square meters. On the contrary, as the irony of fate, now is Mausoleum Mao Zedong. Even after death, he would look at his creation. Complements the architectural ensemble of the era of Mao Another great structure – the National Museum of China, which is represented by one of the largest collections of antiquities in China.

In early 1961 in Beijing in the House of Folk Assembly, IX Plenum Central Committee of the CCP. The main decision was suspended the policy of a large jump, but only in the agricultural industry. The grain for the population is purchased in Canada and Australia.

Manual labor, widespread employment, outdated technologies, even the heroic work of millions of Chinese did not lead to improving industry, to the construction of communism. The political results of the jump began to split in the socialist camp, the distribution in the powers of the third world of Maoist communist parties, which began confrontation with the existing regime. Special relations with the USSR led to a rupture. The big jump has become a big extermination of the Chinese people who killed 45 million inhabitants of the country.

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