Winter always comes suddenly. And neither the autumn prelude, nor weather forecasts are able to convince us, urban residents, that India Summer has capitulated, passing the city in long arms. Especially since the inhabitants of Russian cities can easily posted about summer, plunging into hot and wet tropics, without making many hours of flights. Speech, of course, about greenhouses that are able to at least transfer us to a bright summer, filled with the aroma of wild orchids, a juicy smell of lemons and fragrance of gentle azaleas. About where to look for urban tropics, read in our review.
Pharmaceutical garden, or branch of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University
Paradise bush of the pharmaceutical garden are able to inspire even those who are far from sowing. In this oldest edema of the capital, created with the light hand of Peter I, today you can find the most amazing vegetable exhibits. In the life of the first emperor, this metropolitan garden, where medicinal plants were grown in abundance, could boast of rich greenhouses with plants from all over the world. There are in the Garden Collection and Long-Liver: Spruce, Fir and Larch, sent personally by Peter, as well as the 200-year-old Palma, presented by Count Razumovsky in the first half of the XIX century.
By the way, the hot time in the botanical garden comes as much as the arrival of cold weather, when the snow and winds are broken into the city «Tropical Winter» — The annual festival during which local greenhouses reveal their main secrets to visitors. Thus, a palm greenhouse with excellent orchids and predatory plants, which demonstrate guests with defenseless flies and crickets, are considered to be a permanent nail. The festival program can be found on the official website.
Chief Botanical Garden named after.V. Cycin Ran
One of the largest gardens in Europe, its territory almost twice the area of Monaco, and the new stock greenhouse with a 11-storey house is considered the highest in the world. This treasury of tropical plants — Green oasis in the heart of the city, which will be opened in the near future.
In total, about 2000 plants will be presented in the greenhouse, many of which are very rare or disappearing. One of the trophies of the Collection is considered to be Tachina Spectabilis — 18-meter suicide palm tree, which blooms only once in life, gradually turning into a giant flower. The peculiarity of Madagascar Palm is that the age of it is breeding — The plant dies from exhaustion immediately after the ripening of fruits. It is no coincidence that the population of such plants is very insignificant: there are no more than one hundred.
Orangery Tavrichesky Garden
This is a real find for those who are infinitely tired of the whims of the marking of St. Petersburg weather. The greenhouse of the Tauride Garden can be bolded to call one of the city’s business cards. Built even during the Board of Catherine II, this small, but cozy greenhouse pleases St. Petersburgers until now. Years have passed, but she did not lose the old gloss. Moreover, looking here, you can not only enjoy the flowers surrounded by palm trees, azaleas, orchids and evergreen laurel, but also see real tropical butterflies, which are best observed in the morning clock.
Interestingly, the Garden Architect, who made his hand to the creation of an unusual glass creation, was Englishman William Guld, who worked in Russia at the invitation of Prince Grigory Potemkin. It is no coincidence that the greenhouse of the Tauride garden was ideal for filming London scenes of domestic Sherlock Holmes.
Botanical Garden of the Botanical Institute. V.L. Komarov Ran
The Northern Northern Botanical Garden of Russia boasts its own «Aborighen»: modest harvest of coffee and cocoa, lemons, figs and even mango and bananas, carefully grown by the employees of the greenhouse. However, even if the harvest is still far away, guests of the Northern Tropics can fully enjoy the aroma of the blooming jasmine, the view of the colorful palm trees, blooming CallisTemon and a wet tropical climate.
In late October, you can see the rare copies of orchids, which in the usual time are contained in the Garden Stock Grant and are not available for visits.
Kazan: Kazan Zoobotanic Garden
Orangery this garden — One of the oldest in Russia, about the eloquently talk palm trees, landed for almost two centuries ago. In addition, more than 6,000 plant copies in the garden lives in the garden, including Australian Araucaria, a volatile (the only room plant among coniferous rocks), ferns, rich collection of cacti (more than 100 species), as well as Ginkgo Biloba — Live fossil growing on Earth still in the Mesozoic Era.
Under the glass dome of the greenhouse, there is no yes and will grow something edible: Sweet mulberry, ripe dates, lemon, coffee, figs, olives and even grenades.
Kaliningrad: Botanical Garden
There is no metropolitan scope here, but there are as many as six oranges. The smallest serves as a creative laboratory, where the tropics are emerging: here employees are engaged in stalling and sowing seeds. The main collection of thermo-loving plants (more than 200 items) is concentrated in the five remaining greenhouses, where ferns, 120-year-old palm trees, spiny and soft cactuses, as well as insectivaous flowers with beautiful, but deadly leaves, are growing in abundance. human. True, you can only get to the garden from April to December.
Ekaterinburg: Botanical Garden URO RAS
Outside the window falls on the snow and swelling blizzards, and Camellia bloom in Yekaterinburg! You can see this Ural miracle throughout the winter season, aligning a floral marathon with an overview of fruit plants like figs, avocado, mango, breadpage, coffee, citrus and even papaya. The pearl of the greenhouse and its undisputed decoration is also considered a velvet banana from Southeast Asia, which distinguishes pink and black seeds adorning sweet pulp.
Excursions are regularly held in the greenhouse, during which you can purchase you liked the most specimers of plants at an affordable price, as well as get advice from a specialist in the care of new pets.
Vladivostok: Botanical Garden-Institute of Far RAS
Under the arches of the Orangers Institute, the Russian Academy of Sciences boils life. Here in the conditions of year-round summer, tender azaleas, camellia and orchids are peacefully adjacent to the relict plants of the dinosaurs, ferns and cacti. All this is possible due to breeding scientists who create ideal conditions for the life of 1000 species of exotic plants. This «lost World» — Like a summer particle among winter, which helps the townspeople feel harmonious, despite the weather outside the window. In addition to bright colors in the greenhouse, you can also look at how the products we face daily grow. Among other things, bananas, coffee, tangerines and lemons are presented here.
Magnitogorsk: Limonary, Limon Breeding Complex
In the fact that lemons can weigh more than 1.5 kg, you can make sure in the Narovchal Limonary, located under Magnitogorsk. It is here in October and April — In the midst of the seasons of cold — Collect the crop of lemons with 1000 trees. In the entire history of the existence of lemon plantation, the largest lemon grown in Magnitogorsk, weighed 1650 g.
In lemonaries there are also oranges, grapefruits, tangerines and bananas that can be tastened directly from the trees, by taking part in a tour of the fruit garden. Rich harvest is under the scrutiny of local fauna — Powerful turtles and ducks-Mandarin, named as the dislike for diving and sitting on trees. All fruits grown in lemonaries are sold.
Novosibirsk: Central Siberian Botanical Garden SB RAS
Siberian Botanical Garden So I want to call the forest. This green giant, stretching at 1000 hectares, is striking not only an extensive collection of plants (more than 7000), but also with its dimensions. For comparison: his Tomsky colleague is much more modest and can only boast an area of 128 hectares.
Botanical Garden is open for visits all year round. Here you can walk regardless of the year, whether it is summer heat or Siberian frosts. In addition to the arboretum and forest park, which are beautiful in any season, here you can also visit the real tropics in the oranges, which have become a house for more than 3000 thermo-loving plants. Special pride of the garden — Orchids and impressive collection of cacti. Excursions in Orangers are held by appointment from September to June.