Main sights Turin, Italy
Italy has always been a country that attracted many travelers, and today it has become the most real Mecca tourism. Having excellent climatic conditions, very rich, multiplinary history and developed infrastructure, Italy is capable of tens of millions of tourists every year and provide them with surplus at the highest level. Many tourists, looking at the beauty of Italy and appreciate its advantages compared to other countries, decide to settle in this country and stay in it forever.
The city of Turin is located in the western part of Northern Italy, almost on the border with France, and once he was a link between the two countries, since it was the capital of Savoy Duchy, the main part of which was located just in France. From the north-west, he is supported by the alpine spurs of the Alps, from the south to the city a seaside valley comes with a few full-flowing tributaries of the software river, and on which Turin is located. This city is the capital of the region of Piedmont and the administrative center of the province of the same name. The geographical location of Turin is very successful – through it all the main paths from France and Switzerland are deep in Italy, as well as to the countries of Eastern Europe. Also Turin is one of the few European cities, which was not subjected to military destruction in the last few centuries. Thanks to this in it A huge variety of historical, cultural and architectural values has been preserved, which today is enthusiastic world.
City `s history
The history of Turin begins in 28 BC. It was this year that the Roman commander’s military warlirers were founded on the place of sign in the river on the River Riparius by the Roman commander, afterwards the Tour River turned into a colony, and later the city began to develop in the place of this colony, which was called just Turin. Since those times, the ruins of several ancient buildings are preserved – these are the two Roman tower of the port of Palantine and an antique amphitheater. At the end of the VI century, our era, during the collapse of the Ancient Roman Empire, the city passed under the power of francs, which were built on the wreckage of this empire. A little later, in the territory of modern Piedmont, Langobard Duchy was formed, the center of which Turin became the center, and in the middle of the Xth century the city was considered one of the pearls of the Empire of Caroling, spread from the Baltic to the Mediterranean Sea. All these centuries in the city developed a richer, actively built up and increased by the population. From the middle of the XVI century, Turin became the capital of the Savoy Duchy of the most powerful in the whole Italy, whose rulers subsequently united in their beginning all Italy. At the same time, Turin remained the capital of the newly formed Italian kingdom from 1861 to 1865, until it was decided to translate the government and all other state institutions in Rome, Which more than 2 thousand years was a symbol of all Italy.
However, despite the fact that Turin lost the title of the capital of the state, he became one of the most important industrial centers of Italy. In the population, it is inferior only to Rome, Milan and Naples, but almost 80% of all the country’s automotive enterprises are concentrated, in particular, there is a core of such world famous concerns as "Fiat" and "Lunch". However, it would be unfair to consider Turin only by the automotive capital of Italy – in the city and around it there are many other enterprises of heavy and light industry, in particular – metallurgical, tractor-building and aircraft industries.
That in Turin is primarily interested in tourists?
That in Turin is primarily interested in tourists? Of course, this is a climate that in this region is quite complex. On the one hand, there is a Mediterranean Sea, which carries north, to the mountains, wet winds, because in the city in the city, the tightening rains often go. However, in the summer it is very hot here, the action of the aircraft coming from the deserts of North Africa. In winter, the climate is noticeably worsening, from the high mountain ranges of the Alps, suitable for almost the city itself, icy winds rolling, because of them in the winter in the area of Turin, very snowy and pretty cold. That’s why When visiting Turin, winter should be worse with warm clothes and not to pay attention to the fact that nearby Genoa is located with its Mediterranean subtropical climate and beaches and sea, in which you can even swim in winter.
Cathedral of John the Baptist
The most famous historical sights of Turin include the Cathedral of John the Baptist, the Tower of the Mole Antonellian and the Egyptian Museum – this is the main three objects to which tourists seek primarily. The Cathedral of John the Baptist is famous for the fact that it stores the so-called Turin mandatory, that is, linen covers, who was covered by the body of Jesus Christ After he was removed from the cross. On this big piece of fabric, the outlines of the body of Christ and the prints of his face were allegedly left, and although many scientists consider a medieval fake relief, yet it occupies a legitimate place in the Pantheon of Christianity as one of the characters of faith. Every year, this cathedral is visited by many foreign tourists, and although the shroud itself is exhibited for the review very and very rarely, many people wish to see at least the place where it is stored, and take a picture next to her copy.
Tower Mole Antonelliana
Tower Mole Antonellian, although it is not an old construction, but still deserved very greater fame at a minimum that until 2011 it was the highest building of Italy – 167 Extra meters with a spire. Moreover, it remains the highest brick construction today throughout Europe. Started to build it in the middle of the XIX century Italian architect Alessandro Antonelli, from here and her name – Tower of Antonelly. This building was conceived as a Jewish synagogue, but when the estimate began to significantly exceed the initial calculations, the Jewish community refused him, and when 25 years later, after the death of the architect, the tower was completed, the Renaissance Museum drove into it. Today in this building is the Museum of Cinematography Italy – one of the richest museums of Europe of this area, especially considering that important fact that the Italian movie was always one of the most advanced in the world. Interesting fact: In 1953, the hurricane hit the city of Hurrica demolished almost 50 meters of spiers of the Antonellian tower, and it took almost 8 years, while he was able to restore everything.
The third largest attraction of Turin is an archaeological museum dedicated to the history of Egyptian civilization, and therefore it is called – the Egyptian Museum. This is the oldest museum of this type in the world, began its functioning in the distant 1630 year, when the first exhibit of his collection was the so-called screening of Isis &# 8211; Copper plate with images of famous Egyptian maternity goddess. Since then, the kings of the Sardinian kingdom, the capital of which was Turin, tried to acquire products and whole collections of the time of ancient Egypt. Very long, the rapidly growing Egyptian collection was kept in the building of the Academy of Sciences and was part of her meeting, but in 1824 the Egyptian Museum received his own status. By the way, in this museum, the famous French scientist Jean-Francois Champolon worked very often, who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs. Very long, Turin Egyptian Museum possessed the most complete collection of exhibits in the world, representing ancient Egypt, but in the twentieth century he lost this championship to the Paris Louvre and the Berlin Egyptian Museum. However, even today, many tourists visit Turin solely because of this museum, since neither in Paris, nor in Berlin not find so many unique and rare things that are available in the Egyptian Museum of Turin.
The above-mentioned Ancient Roman gate, wearing the name of the port of Palantine (Palantine Gate) also attract a significant interest of very many travelers, as the two brick towers, connected by the same brick wall, represent the initial, the Ancient Roman period of Turin. They are preserved quite well for their age, but, unfortunately, besides them, and the ruins of the amphitheater from that period only the remains of the foundations of ancient buildings, which have to dig in the basements of more modern houses. These gates opened the entrance to the former Military Camp of the Romans, which, in fact, determined the rectangular planning of the city, the buildings in which they stood in a checker. Immediately at the gate, the foundation of a larger construction was dug, to which the road was most likely through the gate. Interesting fact: In the 18th century, the King of Sardinia, conceived by the general reconstruction of his capital, ordered to demolish these towers, but the chief architect of the city, which struck this barbaric intention, got on their defense and saved the valuable ancient artifact from destroying. During the restoration of the towers held in the following, XIX century, the teeth of type "Lastochka Tail" were removed from the towers, which appeared during the Middle Ages, and the ensemble took his historical appearance.
Catholic Basilica Superga
Another attraction, which should be found to see any traveler who has fallen in Turin is the Catholic Basilica of Superga, which was the burial site of all Kings of Sardinia and Piedmont, since the beginning of the XVIII century. The legend says that this wonderful temple in its beauty was built on the orders of the future king of Sardinia Viktor Amadey II 10 years after the defeat of the French-Spanish troops that took Turin in the siege. The battle ended with the complete expulsion of the invaders from Italy, but before her completion of Amadeus, he gave an oath that if his troops could be defeated, then he will erect on the hill, from which he watched the progress of the battle, Beautiful temple. He kept his promise, and now the Super Basilica is counted among the most significant attractions of the former capital of Italy.
It should also be mentioned that most of all highly artistic architectural ensembles of the city were built, starting from the XVI century, when the capital of the Savoy Duchy (the future of Sardinsky, and then the Italian kingdom) was translated into Turin from Chambery. For several centuries, the construction of palaces and residences of numerous metropolitan nobility was conducted in the capital, and now many of them are included in the World Heritage List UNESCO. So, the law is protected by such undoubted masterpieces of European architecture, as Valentino Castle, Palazzo Madama, Sabaud Gallery and many other architectural complexes.
In conclusion, it should be said that in such a short review it is simply impossible to cover at least part of the most significant attractions of the former capital of Italy – Turin. This city is literally crowded historical, cultural and architectural values, and in this capacity in the territory of Italy he is inferior, perhaps, only Rome.