Maltese detective

In the center of the Estrace of the Sea on the latitude of Tunisia are three tiny island: Malta, Gozo and Comino. This is a Maltese archipelago, located halfway from Europe to Africa. Nearest North neighbor Malta – Sicily. Livia, west – Tunisia, and East – Greece.

In recent years, Russians have expressed increased interest in Malta. Every year, the stream of Russian tourists in Malta increases one and a half times and will be presumably, this year 30 thousand people. After two or three years, Malta is already waiting for 60 thousand Russians.

Malta’s tourist rating rose this summer to several points. Country after a while will definitely enter the group of the most visited States of Europe, such as Turkey, Spain, Cyprus, Greece, Italy. What attracts Malta foreign tourists? We will investigate.

There is no ideal place to stay. Because everyone represents it in its own way.

As a rule, the first two or three days tourists are mastered. Bathe in the sea, sunbathe on the beach. Then their interest switches to another. They want to get acquainted with the country, her story and culture, sit in zabachki, talk to locals. The desire is natural, because it is only so possible to open the veil who hides the soul of the people.

Malta – the country is very small, but her stormy story left on this earth such an abundance of cultural monuments, which would not be enough for one major state.

Two important geographical points played their role here. First, Maltese Islands are located in the very center of the Mediterranean Sea, in the narrowest place between Europe and Africa. Secondly, Malta is the largest and most protected natural harbor in the world.

The combination of these factors predetermined the role of Malta as the main control point of the Mediterranean Sea. After all, no ship passed by the island. Malta alternately owned the Phoenicians, Carthagean, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans, the Order of John, French and the British. Each conqueror, naturally, left its traces on the islands.

Malta knew many famous people. And legendary and real. So, in captivity of the beautiful nymph Calypso, a cunning odyssey languished, in 60. NS. On the islands after the shipwreck, the Apostle Paul was thrown, the Roman commander at the head of the fleet, heading to Carthage, stayed here for recreation.

From the heroes of almost our time – Napoleon, without a combat seized Malta in 1798, and a sweet couple – Admiral Nelson and Lady Hamilton, glorifying the island with their presence and romantic relationships.

The history of Malta is read as a fascinating detective. But the spirit is especially captured by two chapters – the megalithic culture of the new stone century and the time of the knights – John.

Riddles of the Stone Age

Until recently, the Egyptian pyramids were considered the ancient facilities on Earth. However, recent studies have shown that mysterious megalithic sanctors in Malta at least one thousand years older than the paras of Pharaohs in Giza.

Maltese temples are built of huge stone blocks of approximately 6000 – 7000 years ago. And until today, it remains a mystery, how at that distant time the most primitive means moved and raised such gravity. Even for modern technology, this is a difficult task.

In early religious buildings, for example, in Gantia on the Gozo, huge boulders are folded on top of each other untreated. At a later time, stone blocks are already purely hazard and stacked tightly, without cracks, – as in Hagar Kim, that near the Crene. Construction was carried out with the help of stone guns. Metal was already known, but there is evidence that this prehistoric, matriarchal culture specially refused to use it. Apparently, on religious reasons. Knew or predicted an ancient man, what danger lies in the metal?

Even greater amazement causes an underground cult factor of Saflinion Halla, the so-called hypoga. Finding Hypooka was a sensation. This huge multi-storey building was cut into a rock with stone guns for several centuries. The remains of several thousand people were discovered in Hal Saflinion. However, the hypohy was not only a place of cult worship and burial. Looks like first of all he served to study the priestess. This is proved by many unique finds currently exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Valletta.

About 2000 to n. NS. – In the heal of his culture – the trail of the mysterious people is suddenly lost. What happened? There is no unambiguous response. In Maltese rocks, there are mysterious, like temples, traces – furrows. Most likely, they were left for primitive prehistoric salazzas. After all, the wheel in those distant times was still unknown.

The history of the spiritual and knightly Order of John begins approximately 1050 in the Holy Land. Initially, the task of the Order was caring for sick and injured participants in crusades. Placed the Order in the Jerusalem Hospital of St. John.

Hence his second name – Hospitallers. However, soon the knights have expanded their duties. Began to defend pilgrims heading in Jerusalem, and fight incorrect. Ambitions of the Order rose to such an extent that the knights began to consider themselves the warriors of Christ. John on the Holy Land sat firmly. They had lands, locks and even their own fleet.

However, with a loss in 1291, the ACCO fortress, who was departed to Muslims, the fate of the knights in Palestine was predetermined. Hospitallers retreated to Rhodes, becoming with the support of Europe for 200 years a shield against the wrong, – while Turkish Sultan Suleiman is magnificently disappointing knights from the island in 1522. John was needed new homeland. And they found it in 1530 by Malta heavily, having received the archipelago in Len from Emperor Karl V.

With the arrival of knights in Malta, trade was revived, hospitals and, most importantly, defensive structures began to be built. Local population got a job and bread. Malta’s defense fund received donations collected from all over Europe, revenues from their own ownership of the Order, as well as prey, captured during pirate attacks on Muslim shopping ships.

Capital – a monument to the Grand Magist

In 1565, Suleiman gorgeous opposed Malta, disembarking on the island of the forty-fighter army. Siege lasted for several months and was kept with extreme cruelty. In the museums of Valletta, this struggle is described in detail. In order to demoralize Maltese knights, Turkish artillery instead of kernels used the head of the dead.

John held steadfastly and eventually won, receiving reinforcements from Sicily. Sultan Suleiman moved away, and the notorious pirate Dragut, who came to the aid of the Turks, was ruined with a cannonal core under the walls with.-Elmo.

This unparalleled defense still lives in the public. She is akin to the feat of the three hundred Spartans in the Farmopil Gorge. Knights were recognized as heroes and saviors of Europe. Huge money and military specialists were sent to Malta to turn her into an impregnable fortress. The masterpiece of fortifications was the new city, named after the Grand Master of the Order of John Jean Pariso de la Valletta.

Southern Europe could now translate the Spirit. After the victory over the Turks in Malta followed the flourishing of trade, architecture and culture. Many majestic palaces and other structures of that time decorate Valletta to this day. However, Knights, passing with honor and water, did not withstand tests with copper pipes.

As they enrich the initial tasks of the Order began to look ridiculous and moved to the background. An early referred attribute entered into a contradiction with the rational glances of the new time. Therefore, when in 1798, Napoleon, heading with the fleet and troops to Egypt, decided to stay in Malta to replenish the stock of water and the province, conveniently equipped knights – this fragment of the Middle Ages – surrendered without a fight.

The Order ceased to exist, he just burst. Napoleon, explaining his unexpectedly quick victory, said that "Malta has strong fortifications, but does not have moral resistance". And he was right.

Maltese detective

English education in southern edges

French domination in Malta lasted only two years, after which the Maltese rebelled and called for the aid of the British. More than one and a half centuries, until the end of World War II, the British used the island as a powerful base for their fleet. In 1964, Malta announced independence, and at the end of 1974 became a republic.

The global empires arose and disappeared, and the Maltese remained. They survived everything "Great times" Thanks to such traits of their character, as patience, hard work and faith in the future. They were saved Vera, hope, love. At the same time, Maltese did not call the whole world. Against. Many assure that such an open and friendly people need to look good in the Mediterranean. Connoisseurs explain this phenomenon with a successful combination of natural southern friendliness and purely British readiness to come to the rescue received by Maltese in the heritage from the British.

The British brought a lot of good on the islands that Maltese. This includes an exemplary administrative and social system, excellent schools, unusual for southern latitudes. Discipline and non-vulnerable, as well as inherent humor. Guests of Malta, at least, have fun everywhere to communicate in English. But the British, according to our concepts, were colonialists. And nothing, no hostility.

Write about crystal clear sea, bright sun, cozy beaches, sports, good service has become a bad tone. In Malta, of course, all this is. She is a Mediterranean country.

In addition, Malta is conveniently studying English, because he, along with Maltese, native for the local population. Interestingly, Maltese himself is a fancy cocktail from Latin and Arab words. At least, the Maltese of Italians and Arabs understand. The highlight is that this is the only semitch language using the Latin alphabet with writing words from left to right. For reference – Arabs and Jews write to the right left.

Malta – Marine Country. Therefore, there are thalassotherapy centers. They can be founded, to remove fatigue, stress, pass the courses of rejuvenation.

In the heat of government agencies work in a gentle mode – from morning to 13 hours. Working Time Balance is supported by additional hours in a cooler time.

And, as everywhere in the south, Malta is a long lunch break, from 13 to 16 hours. Siesta, sir!

Pienec and lamp

Maltese cuisine leads its traditions from a simple peasant and fishing table and very much resembles Yuzhnoytalian. It is based on fish, vegetables, bread and dry wine. Fish Maltese prefer roasted – tuna, sword fish. Most Popular – Dorada, local "Lamp".

I am sure, dinner with candles in an elegant hotel restaurant will produce a much less impression on you than visiting the undispable port of the tavern. Along with the fish, a very popular traditional dish – phenk, or a rabbit in Maltese. Slices of rabbits extinguished in red wine with the addition of garlic and all sorts of seasonally. Served with potato. Bread in Malta – only white, but what! A sweater loaf with a crispy crust – Hobz Tal-Malti – causes a constant delight even from the spoiled Germans and the British.

Be sure to try alott – Fish soup with tomato, Arnit Mimley – Stuffed Octopus, Tal-Lampowki Cake – Closed Fish and Vegetable Pie, Brazholi – Meatballs with Egg and Greens. Wounded cannoli and chappers – Oriental sweets. This is arabic heritage. Wash the food with canceled Maltese wines. Especially good white and red – brands of delicate and Mars.

And finally. This year two round dates are celebrated in Russian – Maltese relations. On May 12, 1698, the envoy of the Russian state of Voevod Boris Petrovich Sheremetev arrived in Malta. Objective ordinary – intrigue against Turkey. And after 100 years, December 16, 1798, the Emperor of Russia Paul I became the great Master of Maltese Order. Truly non-deficent paths of the Lord.

Maltese detective

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