National kitchen Spain
Spanish cuisine – an amazing alloy of culinary traditions of different times and peoples. She absorbed elements and ancient Roman, and Moorish, and French, and African cuisines. Traditional Spanish cuisine in its current form is easier to perceive not as a single national cuisine, but as a set of regional traditions of the Kingdom of Spain and culinary mapping of the history of the Pyrenean State.
Conditionally cuisine is divided into north, Mediterranean, southern and cuisine of the central part of Spain. Extremely popular ingredients of Spanish yokes – onions, garlic, greens, sage and other aromatic herbs, olive oil (most popular gift from Spain), sweet pepper and wine. Fine culinary techniques are often used: extinguishing dishes in wine, baking with sheep cheese, roasting on open fire (grilled).
Some people who are little familiar with Spain perceive the cuisine "Country and Corrida countries" exclusively as an analogue of the Mediterranean diet, with a focus on fruit vegetables, cereals (more often), beans, greens and seafood. However, meat dishes are widespread in the seaside regions.
Each province has its own regional culinary features and corona dishes. In Asturias (famous for the Picos de Euroop ridge) is the famous local Cider and Fabada Asturiana – Kushany from white beans with sausage or ham. In the region of Cantabria – Arrz Santanderino (rice in Santandern), beef meat dishes, seafood dishes (Sardin, Mollusks, trout). On the North, the Atlantic Coast is popular all soups and sophisticated sauces. In Galicia (the capital of Santiago de Compostela), respect the pork legs with the leaves of the trousers, Merlan in the pot, boiled octicors (Pulpo a Feira), sweat (pork stew with cabbage).
Navarre and Rioja – "Vegetable" Regions. From local vegetables make a great set of sauces and garnings. It is worth trying sweet stuffed pepper (Pimientos Rellenos). In Extremadura and Castilla, resperate meat more. In Aragon, they like to season the dishes with sharp chili sauce, and in Basque makes delicious cheese IDiazabal, MARMITAKO (potatoes with mackerel), dishes with marine pussy and fry of eel, Changurro from mollusks and crabs.
Andalusian cuisine is rich in meat and fish dishes. Andalusia is happy to eat Pincho kebabs (in the photo on the left) and eats of fish and seafood. Andalusia tourists are famous for the Alhambra Palace and Sierra Nevada Range.
Catalan culinary traditions are closely connected with neighboring regions of southern France and Italy and are largely based on four "pillars" – SAMFAIN sauces (tomatoes, eggplants, sweet pepper), Picada (garlic sauce with fried almonds and greens), Ali-Oli (garlic with Olive Oil) and Sofrito (Pepper, Tomatoes, Greens, Garlic). Especially popular in Catalonia stew stew with pork and ear from sea black.
In Salamanca make delicious stewed calf tails. The Jabugo ham is prepared in Walave, the marzipans in Toledo love marzipans in ancient Moorish recipes, and Valencia is famous for many dishes with rice, including the famous Pael.
What you should try
As a souvenir, tourists are often carrying Hamon from Spain (a raw ham from the back of a pig), which became particularly well known after the imposition of sanctions against Russia, the Spanish sausages are popular: a collection, Morsilla, Butyfarra, Choriso (Chorizo), Church, Fuet, Salchicon, Lomo. Each region is famous for its sausages. Best Hamon – Jamon Iberico (or Jamon Pata Negra). Hamon Iberico make from the black pigs of the Iberian breed. Cheaper Hamon, Hamon Serrano (Jamon Serrano), make meat white pigs. Read our detailed overview "Hamon in Spain".
Be sure to try classic dishes that have long become culinary symbols of the country: cold tomato soup Gaspacho, potato cakes, famous blue cheese Cabrales and other famous Spanish cheeses, the aforementioned Hamon (in the photo on the right) and sausage Chorizo, sweet fried baking churro and famous Valencia Palelu ( Rice with saffron, seafood and olive oil).
At the same time, do not forget to pay attention to wine cards of restaurants. Spain – the first country in the world in the area of vineyards and the birthplace of one of the best grape wines of our planet. Among other drinks, it costs to pay the closest attention of the famous Asturian Sider and, if possible, to taste the Tenerphic beer Tropical and Dorada.
Cafes and restaurants: Tips for tourists
Pay attention to the menu. If Iva Include is written next to the price, VAT is already included in the price of the dish. If IVA is written – when calculating it will have to add to the specified figure of 7% of the local value added tax. Prices for food in Spain are quite high, consider it when you plan how much money to take to Spain. Also remember that in Spain, plastic cards are not taken in each restaurant, the main feature of the money in Spain is the prevalence of payments in cash.
The cost of dishes often depends on which part of the restaurant you are taking food. Bar rack rates may be percent for fifteen lower than behind the table. Lunch at the summer platform will cost somewhat more expensive than meals in the main institution. In a special menu MENU DEL DIA, economical tourists will find comprehensive lunches, the total cost of which is lower than the total cost of separate dishes included in them.
"Starry" of institutions denoted by the corresponding number of forks is directly related both to the level of cooking and with prices in the menu. In more budget establishments, it is often a menu with prices can be seen right at the entrance.
Service fee is usually included in the price of dishes, but the waiters will not be against if we leave the tips at 5-10% of the check amount. In street cafes and bars, often an invoice is rounded to the euro, otherwise, as a tip, you can leave a trifle with delivery.
A few more tips
– Many ready-made national dishes can be bought in supermarkets. If you do it on the last day before deleting, you can bring home. For some dishes there are semi-finished products in a dry and frozen form. About prices, read in our article "Prices for food in Spain";
– Some seasonings and ingredients may be unusual for the stomach Russian. We recommend to take medicines to normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract. About the composition of the first-aid kit on vacation we talked in the article "What you need to take to Spain";
– Spanish sweets and desserts are a separate and most interesting topic. Read our detailed article "Desserts and Sweets in Spain".
We wish you a pleasant tasting of Spanish dishes, and read useful articles about this country on our website (Links below).