National Museum of Jewels
Museums in our time are considered an integral part of urban life. Their role, especially in the field of learning and art, is indisputable. The aim of the establishment of museums is not so much a demonstration of works of art, antiquity objects and T.NS. In order to provide people leisure how much the development of human mental abilities. Today, museums are a mirror to reflect the evolution of one or another people.
Among the many attractions of Tehran Museums occupy a special place. Most tourists visiting Iran necessarily include them in the program of their trip. However, the National Museum of Jewels is especially interesting for foreigners.
The Museum of National Jewelry is a collection of precious stones in the world’s truth. Jewelry belonging to different historical periods, their beauty amazes and encourage visitors to deep reflection and evaluation. Each gem stored in this Museum is reminded of complete falls and takeoffs of the history of this land, indicates taste and skill of the Iranian people. The collection of jewelry on the one hand, tells about the ancient culture and history of Iran, and on the other – on the suffering of the Iranian people during the reign of borestiving and arrogant Iranian Shakhov.
The jewelery museum was created in 1855. He opened in 1960, after he was transmitted by the state established by the state by the Central Bank of Iran. This collection of precious stones and jewelry has no analogues in the world. Even the most skilled experts and appraisers still could not accurately or at least approximately determine the price of the treasury. During the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, as well as Iran’s Iran’s imposed by Iraq, this meeting was carefully guarded by employees and experts of the Central Bank Iran.
Jewels collected by the progress and oppression of the long-suffering people of the country to meet the pleasure of Shah and giving the shine with the Shakhsky Yard, now, when the Islamic revolution enthusiasm in the country, they are considered a national treasure, part of the state treasury.
Accurate data on the quality and number of Iranian jewels to the period of the Board of Sefavid. According to foreign travelers in their notes, including Jean Batist Tavernier, Knight Shadan, Sherley’s brothers and others, Shahi Sefevidov dynasty for two centuries of their board from 1502 to 1734 engaged in collecting rare jewels. They were appointed special people facing the task of acquiring, evaluating and maintaining unique precious products, some of which had world famous.
Following the riots that broke out in the last years of the Board of Sefavidov, as well as after the death of Nader Shah, most of the meeting was looted. The remaining part of the collection has been preserved unchanged to the coming to power of the kajarids, when gems were added to her, mined in Iran, as well as pearls from the Persian Gulf. Until the mid-19th century, most of the jewels of this collection were kept in different places. Some precious stones were used when creating Taht-Tavus (the word of Takht means Persian throne, and Tavus is the name of the wife Fathali Shah Kajara, in honor of which Fathali Shah called Troon Taht-Tavus), when creating a globe and many shaft crown.
When you enter the Hall of the National Museum of Jewels, you find yourself in a semi. However, after a few minutes, the brilliance of thousands of rare gems suggests that there is simply no need for artificial lighting.
The museum has attention to the dishes and other items decorated with diamonds, emeralds, rubies, yachons, pearls and turquoise. Golden and silver hookahs, candle holders, vases, mirrors, jewelry storage boxes, horse breaking and other objects exposed to the museum, decorated with precious stones. There you can see also inlaid weapons. In the museum are presented and covered with gems of egroets, some of them belong to the Sefavid period. Egret is sticking up a feather or a beam of feathers, adorning front headdress or hairstyle. Most of the exhibits stored in the museum are the work of prominent Iranian masters, but among them there are things donated by Iranian Shaham. The pearl of this unmatched assembly, which consists of 37 parts, is the diamond "Dariae Nur" pink color weighing 182 carats. Pink Diamond – the most rare diamond in the world.
One of the most prominent works of art, which is in the museum, is TRON TAVUS or TAhte Tavus, created at the rule of Fathal Shah and consisting of 12 parts. The throne has 26 thousand 733 precious stones.
Globe, which was made in 1874, is another miracle of the museum. 34 kilograms of gold went on it, and the precious stones used in it weigh 3 kilograms 656 grams. Globe Incrucified 51,000 366 precious stones. Find on it of the country with a brilliance of so many stones is quite difficult. The sea is lined with emeralds, and sushi – yachons. Southeast Asia, Iraq and Britain – Diamonds, India – Light Yahont, Central and South Africa – Blue Yahonts, Equator line and other geographic lines are shown by diamonds. Globe stands on a goldstand, which is decorated with precious stones.
Famous Ruby Samens Weight 500 carats – the largest in the world, is another one of the unique things stored in the museum.