National Parks and Reserves in Switzerland
Hiking – one of the most popular ways to leisure in the country – over the territory of Switzerland more than 50 thousand are laid (!!) Milometers of labeled pedestrian walkways – this is 1.25 Earth equator. For such a small country, the figure is simply incredible, but it will become even more, if you consider about 23 thousand kilometers of specialized mountain routes with a higher level of complexity, as well as an unimaginable number of cross-country ski tracks, walks on snowshoes, sleigh, dog sledding and horses, and Also about 4 thousand trails for water tourism. All this turns Switzerland into one of the best places in Europe for outdoor activities and ecotourism.
Swiss National Park
Despite the very modest sizes of the country, environmental protection areas are in one way or another to 14% of its area. And at the same time there is a single full-fledged reserve – the Swiss National Park, or the Evgadin Park (WWW.NationalPark.CH), created in 1914 in the eastern part of the canton of graubyunden, on the southern slopes of the Valley of Engadine. This is the first Alpine Reserve in Central Europe, and also created in the area, intensely mastered by man. In 1979, it was included in the list of UNESCO biosphere reserves along with the Italian National Park Stelvio.
Here on the square of more than 172 quadrant kilometers, unique natural complexes of the Retal Alps are protected – mountain pine forests, alpine and subalpine meadows, as well as numerous lakes and empty, and almost half of this territory – secondary forests, recreated after the cessation of human economic activities. Fauna Park is very rich – more than 60 types of mammals (including the Alpine Mountain Goat, Sulna, Stone Cleannic, Alpine Seasok, Lynx, Brown Bear and others), about 100 species of birds, as well as about 70 species of amphibians, including endemic alpine triton. Moreover, it is guided here literally all (the fine can be discharged even for loud sounds!) The territory is laid 21 walking the excursion trail of a total length of about 80 km, which allow you to see the life of the inhabitants of these beautiful places. But moving on a bike within the park is prohibited.
The entrance to the park is free and free, on its perimeter there is nine such free parking lots for cars, from which most trail and routes depart. The reserve is open to a visit from June to October daily, from 8.30 to 18.00, on Thursdays – up to 22.00 .
You can get to the park on buses running at a clock interval between the towns of Vinset (Zernez, 1 km in East of him is the Park’s Head Office) and Mustair (Mustair).
The largest and most young regional Natural Park of Switzerland – Ela (Parc Ela, www.PARC-ELA.CH) begins just 18 km from the Northwest Border of the Swiss National Park. It was created in 2006 as a territory guarding the untouched world of an extensive mountain range between the peaks of Ela (PIZ ELA, 3339 m) and Kesch (Kesch, 3417 m). The area of the reserve is equal to 600 quadrant kilometers, which is 3.5 times the area of the Evgadine National Park, where the human economic activity is permitted here in a limited scale. This leads to the fact that in Ela Park, in addition to acquaintance with the magnificent nature of the northern slopes of the ENGADIN, you can ride along the Rhaetische Bahn railway included in the UNESCO World Heritage List (55 bridges and 39 tunnels by 63 km long of the park, the beauty of the landscapes And nothing to say!), skiing on the slopes of Savonina, Samedan, Carer, Pontresin or St. Moritz (all these resorts lie literally within 15-20 minutes by car from the most beautiful parks in the park), relax on the shores of Marmorera Lake (Lai Da Marmorera) Or visit the highest pilgrimage site in Europe – Catalya sanctuary (Ziteil, founded in 1580, height – 2434 meters above sea level) near Salouf (Salouf).
Well, the easiest reserve reserve of the country is the biosphere reserve Entlebuch (WWW.BIOSPHAREE.CH), located in the canton of Lucerne, just 20 km southwest of his capital. This is the first and only fleet of this type in the central part of Switzerland. Here, on the picturesque slopes of the Claine Emme Valley (Kleine-Emme, Kleine Emme), on the square of 395 quadrant kilometers are pretty unusual for the country Landscapes – endless peatlands and heather Empty, idyllic alpine pastures and forests, rocky karst formations and picturesque wild mountains. These edges are often figuratively called "Wild West Lucerne" – So diverse and beautiful local natural complexes. And at the same time there is a huge selection of facilities, hotels and mountain chalets, many old churches and monasteries, about 75 km of pedestrian trail and even medicinal mud baths on local thermal sources.
Yura National Park
From Le Santa to Nyon himself on the shore of the Lake Geneva stretches green slopes National Park Yura (PARC Naturel R&# 233; Gional Jura vaudois) www.Parc-Jurassien.CH – second in the country in terms of size and wealth Flora. Despite the dense population of these places, there were a lot of local natural complexes, characteristic of low Jurassic mountains and the famous Zhu Valley (Vall&# 233; E de Joux), which is considered one of the most beautiful in Switzerland. Among the beauties of these places – beautiful mountain forests (according to the composition of flora – one of the richest in the region – more than 320 species), ancient swamps, limestone rocks, secluded glads and mountain pastures. More than 90 types of mammals and 160 species of birds live here, and the picturesque Lake Zhu has almost 50 kinds of fish. Since there is a superior network of hiking and ski routes with a total length of 523 km (!!), there are many colorful alpine cheeselen and vineyards, restaurants and chalets, the park is extremely popular with fans of foot, equestrian and cycling tourism, and in the winter it becomes one of the best mountain rest centers – it is quite obvious that he is not focused on the same ski, but on Snowshoes and flat ski fans.
You can literally reach the park, because it is located next to the main transport arteries of the country. The easiest difference from Nyon (Nyon) by train Nyon – St Cergue with stops in Bassins, Arzier, St Cergue and Givrine or Nyon – Gimel in Bassins, Vaud, Marchissy, Longirod, St-George and Gimel. When departure from VallorBe (Vallorbe) – by train on Brassus, from Withers (Morges) – BAM train on Bi&# 232; Re et l’isle with stop in Monrishe (Montricher). Equally diverse options for travel and public transport from all major canton cities in.