Natural dangers in Austria

Austria is one of the safest in the sanitary and epidemiological terms of the countries of the world. Certificate of vaccinations is not required. High mountains with their volatile climate – the only danger that is really worth taken into account. When traveling, no specific vaccinations are required, but the insurance policy of an international sample with an insurance coverage of at least 30 thousand euros should be issued – medical services in the country are very and very expensive.

For lovers of skiing, it is necessary to have a special policy, providing for the coverage of all insurance cases associated with an active holiday. Moreover, it concerns not only harmful health and subsequent treatment, but also evacuation (15 minutes of using a helicopter to deliver the victim from the slope to the nearest hospital will cost at least 1,500 euros!), as well as insurance of civil liability for causing damage to life, health or property of third parties (including injuries caused by other people or damage to any objects in the riding zone). Insurance award in this case will be higher than standard, and a special mark is put in the policy (for example, Winter Sport / Riskfull Sport, or Sport / Riskfull Sport for Summer Relations). At the same time, information that the Austria consulate is obligatory requires insurance coversing injuries with an active holiday, even if the tourist goes to a sightseeing tour, does not correspond to reality.

Water is safe for drinking almost throughout Austria. Moreover, it meets all quality standards of both the urban water supply system and from the ubiquitous public street fountains. Exceptions are always clearly marked by a KEIN TRINKWASSER tablet, usually accompanied by an pictogram of crushed glasses. Natural springs are also very clean, but not all the water in them is suitable for drinking due to its chemical composition – many keys have a rather complex mineral composition of water, which is not able to seriously damage health, but rather risky in terms of short-term stomach disorders.

Milk and dairy products pasteurize and completely safe. Meat, seafood and fish are considered safe for health, but still consume them is recommended only after preliminary thermal processing, preferably hot. Vegetables must be thoroughly washed and pre-treated, and fruits are cleaned from the peel.

Sun and cold – probably the worst "enemies" Tourist in Austria. Regardless of the time of the year, without compliance with reasonable precautions, it is possible to get frostbite, and the burns of skin cover, and often – at the same time. In the mountains, due to the combination of a fine atmosphere and reflection of solar radiation from ice, snow and water, the level of insolation even in the summer months is twice as high as in the middle lane of Russia. Sunscreen with high degree of protection against ultraviolet, hats and closing body clothes are recommended at any time of the year. The reflection of bright sunlight can also damage the eyes, especially in the highlands, so the presence of glasses with good glass filters are simply necessary.

Hypothermia in local conditions is also distributed quite widely, and for the most part – among inexperienced tourists. The usual combination of cold, wind, air humidity (or rain) with hypoxia and fatigue is completely able to cause a serious cold even in the summer and on the simplest route. Weather in the Mountains of Changes, and rarely for adaptation, which from tourists specially allocates time. The first signs of supercooling are hunger, headache, drowsiness, chills, dizziness, trembling and loss of sensitivity of the limbs, as well as inseparable speech. With the appearance of these symptoms, it is necessary to quickly change clothes (in local conditions its humidity can be imperceptible) to dry, drink hot and sweet tea or cocoa (chocolate) and descend to the valley as soon as possible to provide more serious assistance. Contrary to the established opinion of alcohol in case of hypothermia, contraindicated.

In fact, all the mining entry routes in Austria are laid below 3000 meters, so the height disease occurs infrequently, but without acclimatization is quite likely. Headache, dizziness and shortness of breath – its main signs, usually endangered after a day or two on top. But it is not worth forcing adaptation – even if there is a lot of skiing at a popular resort – always follows a day or two ride on the tracks with altitudes up to 1,700 meters and only then move to more high-altitude. In any case, people with chronic diseases before visiting the mountain areas must be consulted with the attending physician about the necessary measures of precautionary.

Natural dangers in Austria

For traveling in the mountains It is strongly recommended to stock up with good footwear with good ventilation and fixation of ankle, light waterproof jackets or capes, sweaters and headlife with wide fields, sunglasses, shift linen and socks. Some fluid supply (better hot sweet tea) and elementary first aid kit.

In forest areas it is necessary to pay attention to ticks found at altitudes less than 1200 meters. Traditional removal of a sucking tick with alcohol, string or oil from a medical point of view – not the most successful method. Local rescuers remove blood with small tweezers and transport victims to the clinic. Ticking encephalitis on the territory of Austria is rarely fixed, but still possible, therefore special precautions should be taken (clothing plus vaccination). Other dangerous animals in the country no.

Swim in local reservoirs is safe for health, but the temperature in many of them is far from optimal, and the shore is not everywhere suitable for entering the water, therefore it is worth approaching the selection of space with caution.

When visiting mountainous areas, especially in winter, landslides and avalanche should be played. There are problems of stonepads along the roads in the central and southern regions of the country. Many highways have a certain reference schedule for cars of different categories and are often closed due to weather conditions for one or another type of transport.

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