Niksich. City of Montenegro
Nikšich – the second largest and number of population city in Montenegro. The number of local people does not reach 60 thousand – it gradually increases after the decline in the 90s of the last century and at the moment it takes second after Podgorica.
In addition to other advantages of this region, it is also the fact that the area of Niksich (Opstina Niksic) is the most densely populated, in it lived according to the results of the last census of 2011, about 75,000 people.
The prosperity of the city contributes to the fact that it is here that three large enterprises are located at once: the Metallurgical Combine, the largest mine for mining boxites, the famous and only brewery in the country "Trebjesa", whose products are the famous Niksicko beer (Niksicko) – Sale as all over Montenegro and in the nearest countries.
This city is located in the central part of the country, in the Nikšic Valley, near the slopes of the Mountain of the Mountain, 50 km of North-west Podgorica. From the coast, it separates only 50-60 kilometers, and the highway, laid in order to connect the dummer and the coast, goes to the sea in the area. Risan.
Niksich in Montenegro has long been considered an important transport hub – here there are many roads leading from the coast of the country. Through the city passes the road connecting Podgorica with g. Plug and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Niksich is the only city in Montenegro, who has a transit road so that the cars flows around the city center.
In Niksich, there is even a railway, which used to be used only for transporting ore to the aluminum plant in Podgorica. Now it has already completed work on reconstruction and electrification, and she successfully transports passengers.
The history of the city begins with the IV century – it is believed that the first organized settlement here was founded by the Romans and it was most likely a military camp. Perhaps this camp was founded on the basis of the already existing Illyrian settlement. Both the settlement and the military camp were called Anhastum, which was later transformed into the online. It is under the same name that the city entered the medieval history.
During the arrival of Slavs here already existed a small city that they did not destroy. In 1373, Niksich moves to the Kingdom of Bosnia, as part of which remains until 1445, when the Ottoman Empire occupies all this territory. Turkish dominion stretched more than four centuries until his liberation in 1877.
In the era of Turkish rule, the fortress of the thigh was built here, and the city got its current name. After the expulsion of the Turks during the reign of King Nikola I Petrovich, the city has changed stronger. From the fortified military settlement, he began to turn into a city for people.
Under the leadership of the Croatian architect Josepa, in 1883, a plan for the development and development of the city, which is still developed to this day. Simultaneously with the development of the infrastructure of the city, its cultural, and economic development began. Already by the beginning of the 20th century, many new buildings were built here, and the city acquired her appearance.
Despite the fact that the city was not so destroyed during the first and second world warrior as a subgorita, his development stopped. Only after the liberation of Niksich from the German occupation in 1944 began truly his "golden age": the city’s population increased in 10 (!) times, and the city itself became the center of production in Montenegro.
All the time of existence of SFRA (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) has become the time of prosperity of various types of production: metallurgy, bouxite mining, electricity production, brewing, woodworking. By the way, the Zeta River flows through Niksich. It begins in the valley, and south of the city goes under the ground.
This river often flooded most of the Niksich Valley and delivered many inconvenience to people. And in 1960, a hydroelectric power station in Perucica (Perucica) is built here, which led to the formation of three artificial lakes: the breaks, slophing and Varth. These lakes were so organically fit into the natural landscape and so beautiful, which gradually became a favorite holiday destination Niksichan.
This was a powerful base for the development of the city. Unfortunately, this was the reason why Niksich and his population suffered most during the collapse of the SFRA, the warrior and the economic crisis of the 90s. At the moment, some production is again on the wave of development, but so far they are unable to provide everyone who wants to work. Nevertheless, the positive trend is growing everything, so, perhaps, Niksich will return to its inhabitants of the past life.
There are several attractions in the city for sightseeing. Starting with the central square, which has now become a circular motion and among the citizens is called Square from which the core urban streets go to the north and east, creating a semi-coat, which was designed by the fact that the world’s development plan in 1883.
In close proximity to the Skater, Nikola Petrovich Nikola Palace, which is built in a Renaissance style, which has local history museum, city park, and freedom. The historic center of Niksich is completely built up with single or two-storey houses and retained its view from the end of the XIX – early XX century.
All lovers of historical monuments are worth considering the ancient Turkish fortress, which is in a good degree of preservation, it can be seen right on the entrance to the city. Also you can not miss the church of St. Vasily Ostrog, which was built here in the XIX century, the bridge on the Moshatanitsa River, Tsarsky and Vukov Bridge.
Among other things, the old Turkish mosque of Haji-Smafova has been perfectly preserved here, and in close proximity to the city, the ancient settlement of a person was opened – Red Rock (Crvena Stijena).
In the vicinity of the city, there are also many interesting for visiting objects: this is the monastery of the head, and a small, but beautifully equipped skiing center of humus, and lakes, distinguished by amazing cleanliness and beauty, which were mentioned above. In recent years, the cultural sphere has been actively developing in Niksich.
There are many international festivals, such as the international actor festival, the International Chamber Music Festival and the International Guitar Festival. And at the end of the summer, are held, famous for the entire Montenegro, "September Days" (Septembarski Dani), during which theatrical, and in the evening, meetings with local poets and writers, and numerous exhibitions are organized.
Of course, no one says that Niksich can replace holidays on the sea, but to visit the city is precisely worth feeling and find out what happened and what does this country really live, which for many of us is associated only with the sea, the views of the mountains on the coast and Warm climat.