Ollarian sadists: realities of serfdom

The serfdom existed in Russia de facto since the XI century, was officially confirmed by the Cathedral Molding of 1649 and was canceled only in 1861.

In 1741, Empress Elizaveta Petrovna issued a diploma for the ban of serfs to loyadanche, thereby designating that the involuntary people do not even enter into rank members of the Company. Violence over serfs in Russia in the XVIII century was the norm.

The peasants were treated as a domestic cattle, married aesthetic considerations (for example, in growth – very comfortable and beautiful), they were not allowed to remove sick teeth so that the "commodity show" was not lost (ads for the sale of fortresses adjacent to the newspaper notes , cherry flour, hounds dogs and sows). You could beat the sub-a million how much soul, the main thing is that the serfs do not died within 12 hours. About the most important villains of the epoch – below.

Struska was the owner of a rich Penza estate Ruzaevka. According to the description in the Russian biographical dictionary (RBS), the landowner walked in the people of Samodur. Every day, dressed in the style of different eras and peoples. He adored poetry and composed poems. On this occasion, even opened a private printing house in the territory of the estate. Memoirists respond about him as an eccentric graphic. "By the name of a jet, and poems – swamp," the Derzhavin IRRIZED.

But the most important entertainment of the landowner had role-playing games, especially criminal. Street invented the plot for the "crime", he chose among his peasants those who would be accused, and who witnessed, arranged interrogations and personally endured sentence. Punishment meanwhile was real. In the basement of the just a collection of torture guns, lovingly assembled in the light. Also here was a zone with "Live Tyr". The victims ran from the wall to the wall, making the sounds of ducks, while the stream shot. On the account "director" and "poet" – life about 200 serfs.

Struskaya remained unpunished. He died after the news of the death of Catherine II, "running with a big one, lost his tongue and closed his eyes forever".

Cavalry General Lion Dmitrievich Izmailov was two passions: dogs and girls. Dogs at the landlord was about seven hundreds, and they were the most noble breeds. If Izmailov wanted to get some new wonderful PSA, then offered the exchange for his peasants in any quantity. In the play A. WITH. Griboedova "Woe from Wit" in the following words of Chatsky it is about Izmailov: "That Nestor of the villains of noble, crowp surrounded by servants; Turning out, they are in the watch of wine and fights and honor, and life has been saved more than once: suddenly he replaced the greyhound three dogs. ". Izmailovsky dogs lived in royal conditions: each – a separate room and selected food.

About the fact that the dogs of Izmailov honors more people, proves his dialogue with a valet, to whom the rich nominor "cannot compare a person with a stupid creature" knocked his hand for a fork. About your own workers who slept in the subnow and the evidence of somehow, yes, besides deprived of the right to start a family, Izmailov used to say: "If I quarrel all this mole, so she will eat me quite".

AND. Igekevich. Fasteners change on dogs

As for the second passion of Izmailov, her quenched a personal harem, in which there was always exactly 30 girls, the strongest hardly turned 12. The conditions for their stay can be compared with prison: under the lock and with a grid on the windows. Released concubines only for a walk in the garden or a campaign to the bath. When guests came to Izmailov, he certainly sent them into the rooms of girls, and the more important guest, those were younger.

Rumors about the villains of the landowner reached the emperor. In 1802, Alexander I wrote to the Tula Civilian Governor Ivanov as follows: "It came to the attention of mine that the retired Major-General Lee Izmailov Leading Life and all the vices rejected life, brings the most shameful victims to his most shameful and for peasants. I assign you about the fairness of this rumors to explore, without publicity, and I have to convey with the accuracy. ". The provincial authorities have long been a consequence of Izmailov’s case for many years, but, thanks to its relations and wealth, he remained, in fact, unpunished. Only in 1831 in the Senate report of his estates were taken to the custody, and he himself was recognized as an unborn out of his estates.

Surprisingly, foreigners who arrived at the royal service, easily adopted the fierce method of communication with the serfs, competing with her neighbors in mercability. One of these people was Russian General-Annef Otto Gustav Douglas, Swedish Military and Russian State Affairs, Participant of the Great Northern War, Governor-General Finland and Governor of the Revel. Being in the civil service, I remember the history of the fact that the tactics of the scorched land adhered to the tactics, sinking Finnish lands, and sent to Russia "into slavery", according to various sources, from 200 to 2000 Finnish peasants.

N. A. Kasatkin. "Fortress actress in the opal, nursing the Barquet Puppy"

Nobleman-sadists realities of serfdom

And watching the perverted sadism of the "noble library", he created his own sadistic handwriting: spinal fireworks. First, Douglas do not regrets beat the whip of the peasants, after that, ordered to sprinkle their back powder, to then approach the unfortunate with a burning candle and set fire to the wound.

It was on his account and murder – the truth, it seems like unintentional, and not a serf, but some captain. He was sentenced by the court to life imprisonment, but, being a favorite of Peter I, was separated by three-week work in the summer garden in St. Petersburg.

"Pearing and Solubitsa, who killed their inhumanly people to death" – Such is the characteristics of Saltykova from the highest decree 1768. The surname "Solubitsa" can very often meet not only in the list of most cruel landlords, but even among serial killers. Outloyev at the age of 26, Saltykov received six hundred souls in Moscow, Vologda and Kostroma provinces in his full power. Perhaps it was the death of a husband that influenced the calm until the lady in a completely nightmarish vein. The victims of the landowner, according to the evidence of contemporaries, was from 75 to 138 people.

From the morning, she was checking how the farm was conducted: whether the dresses were woven, whether the floors were woven, whether the dishes are clean. Saltykova was enough to notice on the floor fluttered from the window of a sheet with an apple tree to start beating a breakdown of the first thing that fell under hand. When I was tired of beating, I called on the aid of the bray. Same sat and, duck, watched an execution. If the guilty survived, it was sent half-dimensional to wash the floors again. Saltykova was inequately ingenious and merciless: poured victims with boiling water, horrible to the skin with hot tongs, put out naked on the cold or sent to sit in a hole.

Illustration of Kurdyum’s work to the encyclopedic edition of the "Great Reform", which depicts the torture of Saltychikha "if possible in soft tones"

Complaints on a frantic hostess were many, but ties among officials and influential people at Saltykova were even more. All the diagrams sent to the link. But two of the peasants, Savely Martynov and Yermola Ilyina, whom she killed, still managed to convey the complaint with Empress Catherine II. About six years later, a consequence was conducted, after which the landowner was sentenced to life imprisonment in an underground prison without light and deprivation of the nobility.

In the original of the declaration of Ekaterina II instead of "she" wrote "he", hinting that Saltychikha is unworthyed to be considered a special merciful sex, and ordered everyone to call Saltykov’s pronoun "he".

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