When you come to some country, it is thumbnail to know what they believe or do not believe its inhabitants. In which churches, chamenery and idols they go or never come. This will help, firstly, it is better to understand this country and, secondly, not to get into a stupid position. After all, religion, although the modern world is not similar to the Byzantium of the Universal Councils, it remains one of the most important, focusing reality. It is known that all attempts by the greatest philosophers prove the existence or non-existence of God over. Accordingly, to tell about religious life in adequate form is impossible. I, remember Prutkova, I will not try to argue the immense and highly modestly try to tell about the beliefs of the inhabitants of some countries of Western Europe. Rather, touch their surface layers.
I will start with the western one, Ireland. Everyone knows that Eyre is settled in the main schedule Catholics. This is one of the most ancient Christian countries: her baptism occurred in the V century. Monks-Copda, that is, the Egyptians, sailed to the island on leather boats, their leader. Patrick for a start destroyed his staff of all the snakes who crawled on the green Irish grass (in Ireland really almost no snake), and then dubbed the natives. But the fertile word of the Gospel fell into the fertile soil of Celtic fantasy, druid rituals and mysticism inherent in the inherent in the inherent in the inherent in the inherent in the inherent in the inherent in the inhabitants of this mysterious country.
As a result, Catholicism in Eyre turned out to be as fancy as ornaments adorning the ancient Irish churches, and a tortuously sensual as the national character of the Irish. Cartridge of the country. Patrick and other local saints proved to be similar to the sides, the ancient spirits living in the hills and stretching silver apples of Avalon; on "Bashi" – misty spirits of the Earth; Other reality in other reality.
Irish is incredibly superstitious, still practiced "Geyes" – Individual prohibitions – for example, some Shimus Oceli will never come to the crack on the asphalt: he knows that it threatens in an imminent misfortune. Irish women still go to be treated from infertility to primitive mengiros, vertical phallic stones with carved on them, much later, crosses. Abortions they, however, until recently we went to Britain. By Catholic reasons in the Republic of Eyre, this event was prohibited.
In addition, Ireland is a naval country, and the sailors and fishermen always and everywhere differed a tendency to superstition. Perching on the rope of the statue of the Virgin in the sea, throwing stone crosses into the water and the subsequent of them from there to be delivered, riding a priest in full closure down the hill to stop the rain (in Russia, kattyushki rolled, like a log, on the field for raining).
But it is important that, adhering to pagan workers, Irish rarely shy away into other religions and denominations. Even the same Shimus O’Reili, who visited the church for the last time 10 years ago and Mantno swearing on the dominance of religious traditions, after the second Pintu Pintuin will say: "And where to go, Catholic I. "
United Kingdom in a religious sense Country is absolutely amazing. Let’s start with the fact that the Anglican Church appeared because the Vatican did not allow the King Henry VIII to marry the sixth time (of the five previous wives two were executed). The king, the former before that faithful Catholic – so much that he even took the title "Defensor Fidei" – "Defender of Faith" – offended, proclaimed himself the head of the church in Britain and interrupted communication with the Holy Throne. In addition, he did not forget to rob monasteries and those of subjects who did not agree with his initiative. It happened in 1534, so anglicism has a long enough story.
This denomination is something average between Catholicism and Protestantism; The British retain the honors of the saints and icons, allow monasticism and have a rigid church hierarchy. Wherein "Church of England" very democratic – as it should be a public organization in the country with the oldest "Peopling" – and divided into two parts. "High church", Close to the highest class of society, according to the style of Catholicism. "Low Church", Designed for "People", Its rites is not much different from Protestant denominations. But this is not a sect, but simply a reflection of class British society, where for pronunciation immediately recognize not only, from which part of the country you appeared, but and what school graduated.
It is even more interesting that the British monarch crossing the border between England and Scotland (for example, just having come to the holidays in the mountain Scottish castle), ceases to be chapter "Church of England" And becomes the leader "Church of Scotland", belonging to the Presbyterian branch of Protestantia and theologian hostile Anglicism.
To top off the monarch of the United Kingdom – the only one of the August Europe, which has the competence of the miracle. Once a year, the queen lay hands on sick gold – allergies – and, as it is believed, heals them. And near the ruins of the Royal Castle in York, there is a rogue bush, growing from the branch brought by. Joseph Arimafi in the year of the crucifixion of the Lord. He threw it from her bush, from the branches of which the thorns crown was made.
The British believe that the crown is the concept of allegorical, and in reality the crown was a sweater from the branches of the rosehip). But, despite such wonderful customs and legends, Anglicism is primarily a public phenomenon – "Anklitsky Club", membership in which cements society. An Englishman (if he is not a Buddhist, Jew, Muslim, pagan, Catholic or Orthodox) is absolutely indifferent that strangers think about his faith. It is important for him that once a year he comes to church, and then drinks a cup of sherry with a priest. And conveys this customer grandson.
About the French Pope Paul VI, the greatest reformer of Catholicism, back in the 60s, said that they should be baptized again. To religion, the average Frenchman refers as a tie. Thing is not particularly functional, but you need to be "Comme Il Faut". Swagging, goes to the church for baptism, wedding or a memorial thing, grieves because the knot presses, or because the neighbor’s tie is better; Returning home, gently hangs the thing in the closet until the next case.
The French are rational people and, realizing that Bartholomeevian night, Introduction "Cult Mind" Jacobinians and confiscation of church money at the end of the 19th century did not give a big sense, decided to engage more close than "Gate of the Lord", Affairs. Of course, there is Easto believers Catholics; There are Catholics-Fundamentalists, similar to our steep Orthodox, inclined to the extreme rationalism, who consider Rock and Roll by the devilish temptation, and condoms – a direct insult to the Virgin Mary and at the same time requiring themselves to sing Messe not on a double-touch French, and in Latin. But their little. But many of those who, being sincere children of French rationalism, should not bear the burden.
Not everyone knows that such stars of French culture, like Captain Kusto and choreographer Maurice Bezhar – Muslim. One of my friend, Natural Protestant from Vandy, a specialist in Turkish Sufi music, accepted Orthodoxy, married Tajichek and married her (not at the time of her before – where the father looked?) – in St. Paris in St. Paris. It is not uncommon, the French, the tired of what was called before "Voltairianism", Looking for the truth everywhere, and not always successfully.
One of the most profitable classes for immigrants from Maghreb, Black Africa and Haiti is the cluster of the head of neurotic agenic agents of a hexagon with all "GRI-GRI", dried lizards, whipping in a shamanic drum and sprinkling needles in the wax doll of the alleged enemy. Playing the role and Celtic lining of modern French psyche. But if the superstition and magical habits are as natural as the evening pint of beer, then the French – "I think it means" – they often acquire socially dangerous features. Frenchman, thinking, can easily begin to exist as a member of the rating sect like "Knights of the Sun" Or commit "Ritual murder".
France – European champion in terms of stories of this kind. But a healthy middle Frenchman, I repeat, refers to any metaphysics, like a tie, tries to remember that the friend of Joseph does not need to treat pork, because he is not the Arab, not the Jew, and he is thinking how to sign up in the Masons: Lodge parts of the Blat Station and Social Supplies are much more convenient than the trade union.
Germans, reaping from religious wars, Gegelian dialectics, "Concordata" – "Heart consent" – between the Vatican and Nazis, came to the conclusion that faith business and personal, and public. In Germany, no one in any case, if you just didn’t become closest friends, you will not ask how the chapel you go.
Approximately sixty percent of Christians in Germany – Protestants, mostly Lutherans, and forty percent – Catholics. The first people live across the country, and Catholics are focused mainly in the Priesna regions and in Bavaria. Both denominations enjoy equal rights, both Catholic and Protestant holidays are announced.
The most interesting thing is that in Germany, a secular state, there is a state tax on the church. It is considered voluntary, but to refuse to pay it, it is necessary to officially declare his atheism and unwillingness to support religious institutions. Rarely who does this: I need some social courage – to go against traditions to which in Germany are very serious. And in general, what a neighbor Herr Schmid says, if he finds out that I do not do as everything?
In general, religion in Germany has a very calm, homework. No wonder the impact of the century the basis of life was considered "Three K": "Kinder, Kuche, Kirche" – "Children, Kitchen, Church". Catholics, of course, a little more than Protestants, prone to mysticism, and Protestants prefer to check everything. But usually religious life is a Sunday hike with the whole family to church and participation in all kinds of charitable events.
Italy is a country where Catholicism has a completely organic, folk appearance. Italian non-Catholic is difficult to imagine. Even if he is a communist, a declarative atheist, he will still quickly crighterate, conditionally falling on one knee, and whispers prayer, absorbed with mother’s milk. Italian Catholicism is very diverse. It has both gloomy customs, and rigor – a woman in shorts or mini skirt will not be allowed into such "Tourist" Places like Milan Cathedral or St. Cathedral. Peter. (In Notre Dame de Paris you can log in almost in a swimsuit). But there are noisy, multicolored semi-language marches and carnivals, resembling those times when Christianity has not yet been born.
In the church, the Italian feels like at home, he may, during the Mass, chat with the neighbors, flirt, at the right moment getting on his knees and kneeling his head. History has already become the notorious stories about how the Italians, hoping for helping some saint, but without waiting for it in the expected amount, they are offended by the saint, sticking it with a statuette in a dark angle, and then can and carve. Then, however, apologize, and everything continues in the old. Above the priest can be mocked, and the throne wrap itself "Papa E Porco", But in the depths of the soul, clerics respect and afraid. In addition, which is permitted by the Italian, is unacceptable for a foreigner. If the visits will allow themselves to turn the dad or admire the obvious disrespect for the church, it will be perceived bad.
We must also take into account the fact that the south and north of the country are very different. Pieiter and Lombardy differ from Campaigns or Sicily as, say, Moscow region from the North Caucasus. Despite the fact that in the south of Italy tradition and superstition is much stronger, and the church is actually inseparable from daily life.
In Spain, Catholicism is painted in a more severe, if not to say gloomy, tone. Spaniard in no way will allow itself a paranibrates with saints or priests. Religion for him is a very serious and even dangerous. Vera intertwined with prechristian, often dark remnants. The motifs are very strong in Spanish Catholic "bustle bows", pessimism, waiting for the end – and at the same time it is impregnated with eroticism. No wonder Torroo is always very believers, and their game is negotiated by death, the cult of masculinity and sexuality.
Until now, in the deaf villages, the church is a place of dating between young men and girls, and a lace black mantle, which to the first marriage night and now, reminds of virgin humility. Spain one of the latter in Europe separated the state from the church, and the Inquisition was finally canceled only in the middle of the XIX century.
In the 50s of our century, it was randomly found that several villages were populated "Marana", That is, baptized Jews, from the XV century, continuing to secretly practice Judaism. They simply did not believe that they would no longer threaten. By the way, some of the world’s most aristocratic families come from "Maran", And the question arises: and whether the Marquis is such a thing, from the genus of which several Cardinals came out, too, by secret Jew?
Europe – the region, furthest in the post-industrial world. At the same time, religion remains one of the most important components of public life. And in Europe, with its well-established democracy mechanisms and unprecedented residents in history in high school, religious wars continue – in Ireland, not to mention Yugoslavia. Most unthinkable sects. One of the most important world centers of Tibetan Buddhism is in Dodonti, in France, and the Sufi fraternity of Cadiriya and Ahmadiya were firmly rooted in Germany.
There are amazing cases. Not so long ago, the scandal was broken in France about the so-called "Islamic handkerchiefs". Several girls from Arab families began to go to school, covered with white handkerchiefs. The church in France from the state was separated, it was a public school, and any propaganda of any religion is prohibited in it. Because of these handkerchiefs began the proceedings at the government level. In the end, it was decided that they were propaganda religion, and the girls were banned in such a form to appear in the class. Smart people asked a question: why not forbid Jewish boys to wear piles, and Christian children have a cross from the neck of cross? In the Netherlands, one Catholic priest managed to marry a couple of homosexuals in the church, for which Sana was deprived of. I entirely for the rights of sexual minorities, however, in the rite of wedding there are words about the continuation of the kind.