Old songs about the main Chinese
Songs "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution" (1966-1976), named later "decade of chaos", again sound on the Beijing stage. Hear "Alets East", pull the song pro "Our Chelny Floating under the guidance of the Great Cordic", Can be in a restaurant "Melodies of the Red Songnik", what the Beijing fifth transport ring.
And by mowing under an acute snack glass-other 56-degree vodka "Ergotou" v "Melodies of red songs", You can even dance in front of the enthusiastic public on the stage, remembering those born back in kindergarten for years ago.
"Remember youth", However, not so simple. Write to this popular restaurant needed in a few days – there is no visitors from the pub.
Extensive parking in front of the institution all forced by cars testifying to sufficiently prosperous status of the public. In the great hall, we, like all the guests on hand red flag. "Keep, will swing along with all that is necessary", – said a smiling waitress in a green jacket and a cap with a red star – a typical Red Guard uniform, uniform "for boys and girls".
Food to match the overall style of the restaurant. Pride of place on the menu takes "hunshao Zhou" – "Roast pork until redness", cuisine of southern Hunan Province, which is adored there the native of Mao Zedong. Folksy meals retrievers spread proudly held high above his head the huge pans shkvorchaschie. Unpretentious, but what flavor! Unwittingly swallow saliva.
During the period "kulturku" eat delicious food for the ordinary public was almost a crime, neighbors could tell where to apply, then the culprit for the Red Guards to come – "red guards" dropouts of students, high school students, or Rebels – "going against the tide", "rebels", as they called leftist young workers. And fried onions with bacon slices, biscuits on a red-hot iron barrel tubers of yam, rough and noodles "Manotu" – great steamed dumplings of dough, often without filling – please! And the main thing – plenty of red hot pepper, to color and unpretentious brew confirmed the proletarian ideology consumer. The stronger burns in the mouth, the revolutionary slogans! "A true revolutionary must have a red pepper. And his Marx, of course, eating", – I used to say, Chairman.
But come to the restaurant not so much for the food as for the songs – songs about the main thing. While visitors versed with the menu on the brightly lit stage at a huge panels depicting Mao surrounded yasnolikogo "the revolutionary masses" popping artists depicting working, a farmer and fighter PLA.
chanting glorifying "great general" slogans, they shake the famous "red book" – collections of Mao Zedong’s quotations. By the way, these quotes themselves are often sung by marching tunes. And then to the class trio join young waitress in green tunics, red blouse and pants.
Dresses, skirts had not hailed as "bourgeois" outfits Kindle inappropriate fleshly desires. And – in unison: "All our Duma about you, the Great Leader", "In the Golden Mountains over Beijing". The public waves flags, rednecking uncle and aunt aged "Slightly for 50" Cheerfully climb on stage – join the common dance. Photographing the action is not allowed, there are strict women with bandages on the sleeve on the sleeve. I’m trying to click almost from under the table, but the flash gives.
A representative Chinese Chinese citizen is attached to our table, the friendly treats cigarettes. It seems that stretching each business card: "Hu Xianfense, chief manager". I ask whether he is a member of the party. Before was, saying, yes came after "Xiaheilee" – "Embed into the sea", That is, it took commerce. From further explanations refrain, answering the question to the question: "And you probably have previously been "Bolshevik"?
"So after all, on our institution, as in party institutions, it is written: "Serve", – Says Mr. Hu. – And this is not by chance, because to feed the people, culturally serving it – isn’t the ministry?"
"Masses" In the hall between those partitioned by might and, the scene in the artists intense. And now you can already young people and girls in a half-day form, as forty years ago, with rolled mattress behind the back cheerfully marching between rows of tables under fluttering red banners, depicting "Great hike" To the village, according to the prescription of MAO: "Shang Shan, Xia Xiang" – "Rising in the mountains, go down to rural counties". All fun, no one recalls that millions of young Chinese, who sent in the late 60s of the last century "on raising labor" in half-righted rural areas, accounted for not very sweet.
But around the tables everything is eaten and drunk, the songs of distant youth of the loss, the audience dispels. And as honored guests are invited to "Red corner" – Spacious room with portraits of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin on the wall. "Here we have production assemblies pass, and here, opposite the leaders, the board of front. All as it is believed", – Giddely shows the owner. We take pictures, saying goodbye. "Come again", – Invites the former member of the Hu Party.
A year ago in China, the last of "Band four" – 74-year-old Yao Wenuan who served twenty-year prison sentences. This former journalist and "Proletarian literary critic" He entered the nearest environment of the wife of Mao Zedong – Jiang Qing. Together they poke the flame "revolutionary" struggle, starting precisely from culture – the most vulnerable sphere. Under them "ready leadership" The whole culture was cut to the set of non-lunged slogans, to several "exemplary" Ballet, Libretto to which Jiang Qing herself wrote – In 1930, who performed several roles in Shanghai films.
Jiang Qing, sentenced by a special court to death, replaced later on a life imprisonment, hanged himself in 1991 on the belt from the hospital coat, playing his most dramatic performance. It seemed the curtain dropped.
. Large and small icons depicting Mao Zedong, famous red "Quote" With his sayings in the languages of the peoples of the world, the dressings of Hongwebinins and Mightbinov – militia, as well as quite high-quality articles that chant "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution", Now fall in China under the concept of cultural values.
The relevant decision, the Ministry of Culture celebrated this year the 40th anniversary of the beginning "Wenge" – "Great proletarian". "We pay great attention to collecting and protecting all cultural relics, including those that have been associated with "cultural revolution", – Staged at a press conference in Beijing Minister of Culture PRC Sun Jiazhzhäng. At the same time, he acknowledged that much relating to the complex period, including a huge number of material evidence and documents of that time, irrevocably lost either scattered worldwide.
Meanwhile on Beijing "flea" Market Panjianiuan and today you can find busts of Mao Zedong, some placed enameled basins with rudely namulean red banners and ringing slogans. Bukinists meet brochures and binder of the then newspapers.
In China, there has been a circle of collectors who collect various items associated with the time. Many lovers of similar "Souvenir" and abroad, where there are peculiar admirers "Destructive aesthetics" Stormy 60s of the last century. And the posters with the image of the embossing enthusiasm of the class struggle of peasants, workers, soldiers and representatives "revolutionary youth" In general, they are on a par with the author’s painting, although the vast majority of such graphics – fake.
There are gatherers of bright faienced figurines depicting Mao Zedong in France and a favorite bathrobe, at the table during the conversation with Jiang Qing or on a limousine "Hunsi" ("Red flag") shoulder to the shoulder with the Minister of Defense Lin Biao, later destroyed in the peripetias of the struggle for power. Immediately Porcelain Hongwebin, Pouring Foot "Deviation" From intellectuals, whose atrocities are painted on the plate hanging on the neck. Or fun group "Workers", Sanding riding on a silver combat rocket. There are characters of revolutionary works – "Girl gray", "Brave railroad". it "Steel Vinet Chairman" – True and after the death of Fighter Lay Feng.
The farther from "cultural revolution", the less in the market of genuine rarities, reminiscent of hot battles around the problems that seem to be filled today. For example, on the issue of selection of model development. China has long been moving along "capitalist path", In adherence to which Hongwebins accused "Architect reform" Dan Xiaopin, and posters, zealous condemned "Capputers", also become a market goods. "This is a fashion" – Says shrugging, my familiar merchant offering lovers of big and small fragments of vintage porcelain vases.
"How many years still smelled in them. At some point, everything can spill on the surface again", – shakes his head on the presentation in the restaurant "Melodies of the Red Songnik" Foreign diplomat. He still captured in Beijing the last years of this "cultural revolution" and judges it not for roughly painted "Porcelain" Images.
China will create a museum in memory of events "cultural revolution". With such a proposal, a group of Chinese intellectuals, marching words of modern Chinese literature Ba Jion, who died last year, was made by the Patriarch of modern Chinese literature "We are all responsible for remembering our descendants about the lessons of ten-year chaos. They should clearly imagine what happened".
"Cultural revolution" was "unprecedented scale and scope of the political storm", Recently recently with Xinhua’s compatriots. Started as a movement for transformation in the spiritual sphere, "Cultural revolution", Posted by the Chinese agency, "was used by two counter-revolutionary clicks", under the influence of which "appealed to chaos, causing the disaster of the Communist Party of China, the state and the people".
"Counter-revolutionary clicks" The Chinese in this context are just called the deceased under the circumstances in 1971, Lin Biao and its closest entourage, as well as "Gang four" – Steering Group "Levakov" led by Jiang Qing. How Sinhua signed, forty years ago "The process of socialist construction was interrupted, and the new China was discarded far back and suffered the greatest losses since the founding of the PRC in 1949".
A number of Chinese figures, including B. Jing, offered to create a Museum of Memory of Events "cultural revolution". Many artifacts were collected by collectors, ready to participate in the creation of exposure. So, Fan Jianchuan from Sichuan Province collected more than 300 thousand items related to "cultural revolution", Including 8 thousand porcelain figures and compositions, 100 thousand icons depicting Mao Zedong, about 20 thousand posters and many other things used in everyday life, with the signs of that turbulent era. The main thing is that everything is genuine – and things, and signatures under them.