On another planet
And even realizing that now cooperation with Japan is almost the most profitable, we do not know which side to swim to the mysterious island state and its representatives.
Meanwhile, there are now a lot of opportunities in order to become closer to Japan, or even to associate his fate with it. And the first step to getting such a possibility will be, of course, language learning. This is a prerequisite for everyone who decided to establish a serious relationship with Japan. Many Japanese know English, but still in communicating with them without knowing Japanese will be very difficult to do. Moreover, even if you simply go to Japan and the translator is not attached to you, it is likely that you will immediately get lost among mysterious hieroglyphs and people who are not familiar with European languages and customs. And about respect, which causes Japanese people, at least a little speaking in their language, and not need to mention.
The idea of studying the Japanese language as something out of a series of outgoing and unbearable for the average person is very exaggerated. By itself, the language with his grammar is not so complicated, the main problem is to memorize the hieroglyphs. The Japanese themselves cannot say for sure how much in their language of the hieroglyphs, but the educated person in order to read the newspapers, should know their at least two thousand. It is also necessary to consider that each sign has several values and readings, and remember them is very difficult.
In this regard, almost all foreigners face a linguistic barrier in Japan. Even those who succeeded in learning the language in their homeland are somewhat discouraged by being in Japan. There are difficulties in communication, especially this is due to the extreme politeness of the Japanese. The Japanese does not like to make concrete statements, so a foreigner cannot always understand when they agree with him, and when they refute. In addition, the model of the behavior of the Japanese is very different from the one to which the Russian man is used. The Japanese are very closed, and most often it is difficult to understand what they really think about. Japanese people can resemble the theater masks – expressive and hiding true emotions. It may take a lot of time to really make friends with the Japanese and find out what he really is. At the same time, the first steps to approach a foreigner, most likely will have to do.
In order not to disambigate in someone else’s land or not to get the fact that the Americans call Culture Shock (psychological trauma from communication with another culture), it is necessary to prepare in advance and try to better understand the Japanese view of the world. Japanese attitude to life is largely due to Zen-Buddhism, requiring a man of undivided merging with the acting and the surrounding world. And such purely traditional features of Japan, as a concentrated compilation of Iquiban bouquets or a long tea ceremony, outside the context of Zen Buddhism may seem incomprehensible, and he, without suspecting, deep offended by the Japanese. The same meaning, like Buddhism, has a syntipope, is a religion connecting the Japanese with their ancestors, with their national dignity. The Japanese are proud of their roots and be touched if their guests showed interest in and awareness of this issue.
There are also certain gestures rules adopted in Japan. Rather, it can be said that the gestures in our understanding of the word in Japanese is virtually absent. The low-key man, the more respect he is so crony pat on the back and grabbing his hand in Japan will not cause joy. Also, be aware that some gestures, such as the "OK" or "Class", generally considered to be in the Land of the Rising Sun is very indecent. Although great desire to express with gestures what words hard to say, it is better to avoid these signs.
If you are abroad, in any case, there is a need to adapt to a different culture. With respect to Japan, and this is especially true at the same time especially difficult. One of the major tests for the majority of foreigners is becoming a daily intake of Japanese cuisine. Basically, it is rice, beans and seafood. But as the Japanese almost do not use salt, and often eat raw seafood, Russian foreheads-. century it is difficult to get used to such a diet. Also, the food in the restaurants is not cheap, and if you dare to dine in an inexpensive place, it is likely that your stomach will repay you for it. There may be more serious consequences. For example, a delicacy called "fugu" prepared from a very poisonous tropical fish, and cooking it requires a special skill. According to statistics, each year from fugu poison kills about 200 gourmet. So if you have limited resources, the power problem better solved by restaurants "fast food", like McDonald’s, Chinese restaurants or self-catering.
By the way, the means. It is known that Japan – one of the most expensive countries in the world, and Tokyo generally the most expensive city in the world. As a percentage of the salary of the Japanese price is not so great, but the habit of our man all prices translate into dollars can bring it to a heart attack. At least somehow save help "Shop" and shops "Haykcuen" (all for a hundred yen). But transport is still "devouries" A huge amount of money.
Well, now directly about opportunities to visit Japan. If you are a representative of the student and the size of your wallet inversely proportional to the knowledge available, you, like anyone else, have every chance to be in the country of the Rising Sun. The Ministry of Education of Japan (Monbu-Sho), the Japanese Association of International Education (AIEJ), as well as individual universities in Japan offer Russian students and graduate students a number of internships. The main requirement is the health of the candidate. According to the Ministry of Education, you can get a scholarship "Intern researcher" For graduate students and students of the last courses (not older than 35 years) for a period of one and a half or two years, with or without a master’s degree. Moreover, if the candidate did not choose the area of his research by Japanese literature, linguistics, history, jurisprudence, politics or economy, he may not know Japanese and already be a scholarshot to pass the initial course of the language. Selection criteria are candidate assessments and research goals. The selection is carried out on the basis of the Questionnaire Competition, the written exam in the Japanese language (for those who own them) and interviews (in Japanese or English). The deadline for submission of documents – the end of July, the final results are known only in a year. For graduate students, there is also a Japanese study program in the International Center in Kansai, provided by the Japanese Fund. Four months of training, accommodation, food and tickets Free. Applications are accepted from October to November personally from the hands of the candidate at the Embassy of Japan in Moscow. The applicant must be a graduate student, study humanitarian or social sciences and possess the foundations of the Japanese.
The Ministry of Education allocates scholarships "STUDENT" For candidates from 17 to 22 years old, having completed secondary education and well-known Japanese well. Scholarship stands out for 5 years, including one year of the Japanese Preparatory course. After that, if all exams student gives successfully, he gets a bachelor’s degree. Selection is made on the basis of questionnaires, examinations for general education subjects, the exam in Japanese language and interview. Document deadline – until the end of July.
The Japanese International Education Association provides short-term scholarships in the interns of Russian universities with an agreement with the Association. Receipt of scholarship depends solely on the recommendations given by the Institute where the candidate, Japanese university study.
Most student scholarships include free food and accommodation in the university campus, as well as a scholarship, equivalent to about $ 600-700 (of which about half of the transport). The trainee lives in a campus or in a private apartment, independently paying all utilities, but also its scholarship is higher – more than one and a half thousand dollars.
Help software can be obtained from addresses:
Information department of the Japanese Embassy in Moscow: 109189, Moscow, ul. Nikoloyamskaya, 1, bodies.(095) 926 5584; E-mail: [email&# 160; Protected],. http: // www.Embjapan.RU /.
Consulate General of Japan in St. Petersburg: 191065, St. Petersburg, Embankment P. Washing, 29. Tel: (7-812) 3141434.
Consulate General of Japan in Vladivostok: 690000, Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok, ul. Upperport, 46. Tel: (7-812) 26 7502, 26 7513, 26 7481, Fax: (7-812) 26 7541.
Consulate General of Japan in Khabarovsk: 680000, Khabarovsk Territory, Khabarovsk, ul. Pushkin, 38A. Tel: (7-4212) 32 6218, fax: (7-4212) 32 7212
Department of the Khabarovsk Consulate General in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: 693009, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Communist PR-T, 32, Sakhincentre, of. 445. Tel: (7-4242) 72 7483, 72 7484, fax: (7-4242) 72 7585
Aiej: 4-5-29 Komaba, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo, 153 8503. Phone: (81-3) 5454 5214, fax: (81-3) 5454 5234.