One day from the life of Chukotka reindeer breeders
A man who produced in a reindeer breeding brigade is bribed openness, glad and hospitality of its inhabitants. Size life in the tundra away from civilization and relationships greatly affects the worldview. Readiness to always come to the rescue, despite possible household problems and non-residential optimism, even if everything around hopelessly and gray, – features inherent in all overrevodams without exception.
Reindeer brigades on Chukotka more fumes. They have a lot in common, but at the same time they differ much from each other: different people, different nature, different material and technical condition. "My" brigade is one of the most persistent, located in the zone of "extreme reindeer!". Changeable climate and mountain relief presented surprises: lack of feed base, thaw in winter and freezing in spring.
In mid-April, on the Eastern Chukotka of the Astronomical Night no longer. Still dark, but the surrounding hills are already visible. At 3 o’clock in the morning, the sky is gray, and at 4 o’clock in the morning the first rays are shown due. The house begins the morning. I did not make a reservation because "my" brigade, more precisely, its part is located on the bandage, in a house built from a bar. The remaining residents of the core are located in two tuning 150 meters from the house.
There is no equality in the tundra and can not be. Fallen – Women’s Kingdom, Herd – Male. Nevertheless, the significance of a man in the traditional habitat is still higher, so the last word remains for a man
Falcon – Confederation, where everyone lives autonomously, with its charter and rules. The head of Yarangi or at home is always a woman who monitors the housing, is engaged in repairing clothes and washing. There is no equality in the tundra and can not be. Fallen – Women’s Kingdom, Herd – Male. Nevertheless, the significance of a man in the traditional habitat is still higher, so the last word remains for a man. But with its right veto men prefer not to abuse.
There are no alarm clocks in the tundra, because there is no time in the usual understanding. The rise happens at random time, at about 5 am. The first usually wakes up the hostess. She breed a bonfire in Yange and puts a boil the kettle (in the house the kettle is heated on Kerogazka). Following the mistress, the rest of the dwellings are wanted.
Breakfast in the tundra is two. The first, as a rule, consists of tea, Landorikov (yeast dough pyshki) and butter cream. Also on the table may be pilaf, porridge or pasta with meat. Cuffs are moved by several duty phrases about the weather, on duty in the herd – that’s the whole conversation.
For wild inhabitants, the tundra is the feast. In a radius of several kilometers, wolves, wolverines, foxes, sands, crows and brown bears are going to
After breakfast, the man (driver and two shepherds) leave the herd, which is located behind the hills of 15 km from the cable. Every day the shepherds are duty in any weather. Now "hot" time – calves, calves are born, and the herd requires constant attention.
For wild inhabitants, the tundra is the feast. In a radius of several kilometers, wolves, wolverines, foxes, sands, crows and brown bears are going to. Animals strive to enjoy meat or last – the shell in which the deer born. Without incident, it was not happening today: at night, or Wolverine, whether the sandy attacked one of the wage. The animal had to be slaughtered, as well as a deer, who, though not suffered, but without a mother would not have survived.
Sneakers drink tea with duty and discuss the events. Having got the tired deer reindeer breeders, the driver rides back to the base. After their return begins the second breakfast. It takes place in a more busy atmosphere: there are news that you can discuss.
All life in the cereal is spinning around the herd, which must be saved and multiply. In the view of the average man, the work of the shepherd is not troublesome: walk around the deer and scare predators. Of course, it is not. Shepherd is a military strategist. Two main enemy are against him in the tundra: Weather and predators. The task of the shepherd-strategist – to save your army: to predict the approach of the PURGI and choose safe spacing for herd, calculate the route and predict the presence of a feed base, choose a terrain for winter nomoca. Very many nuances determine the well-being of people and animals, in a kind of symbiosis of worst in the endless expanses of the harsh Chukotka tundra.