One day in Bergamo
I think that about Bergamo, one way or another, have heard many. I offer you my author’s route for this city. You will learn what to look at Bergamo for 1 day, which attractions are the most interesting, as well as a lot of useful practical information for self-traveling in Bergamo.
For many Russians at the age of the forty name of the film "Trofaldino from Bergamo", and with the usual, but erroneous stress on "A". Someone who is a little more about the case, says that this city is located in the north of Italy, near Milan. Information more detailed and accurately will be able to give only connoisseurs and experienced tourists-Itomanas. It is they who assure you that the name of the city needs to be pronounced with the emphasis on the first syllable -&# 8217; Rgamo.
Say that Bergamo is spoiled by the attention of tourists, it is impossible. No, no, there are going there, and they will be happy, but to compare tourist streams in Bergamo and the same, Milan is meaningless: Milan flow has repeatedly wins. And meanwhile to go to Bergamo. At least on the day, then to solve it for yourself, to continue to meet this city or you can stay on a one-day visit?
Imagine that you are planning a day trip to Bergamo and Let’s go through all the points of travel: from the selection of transport and way of traveling to the selection of sights, at the same time shortly walking on the history of the city.
Quite a bit of history
Like most Italian cities, especially in the north, Bergamo – an ancient city, founded before our era. It is believed to be based on Celts-centurians who tried to fight Rome, but in the end they were dissolved among the peoples that felt in this an ancient state. Town Bergem, who became already Bergomum, from 49 years before.NS. Rome falls under the power, it grows, in the V century, he is destroyed by Horde Attila, but already in the next century, and for a long time, Bergamo is included in the Langobard kingdom. Then (from the XV century), and also for quite a long time, the city is near Venetian dominion. Trade and manufactory production flourish until Napoleon comes. A few decades Bergamo, like all other Italian cities, is part of the Italian kingdom, who finally united by all the scattered lands on Apennines.
Bergamo today and why go here
Today is City of three parts – Upper City, Lower City and Hills (PRESENT). Each of these parts deserves attention, but the majority of tourists will lead to the top city – Citta&# 8217; Alta. This is the heart of Bergamo, this is the cradle of Bergamo, it is his source. It is here that you can understand his character.
There was almost nothing left of the ancient Bergomum (only the artifacts found in the local archaeological museum found in the local archaeological museum), but Medieval city preserved perfectly. Towers, old palaces-palazzo, squares with arches and fountains, cool rising or sharply walking down the downstream streets, luxury churches, kindergartens and park areas, located under the powerful masonry of the Venetian Wall, a few vintage gates in the upper city – the Middle Ages here is mixed with Renaissance, this exquisite architectural cocktail makes his head turn around, and the heart beat is rapidly.
Nizhny city – Citta&# 8217; Bassa ; It is good for unhurried walks along the wide streets and avenues, stores of leading world brands are concentrated here, there are shopping streets, there are all banks, municipal institutions, museums, theaters, hotels, cafes and restaurants. View from the walls of the Upper City on the panorama of the Nizhnya is beautiful; Walking along the bottom of this species will be clarified and complement. Lower city is largely rebuilt Bergamo. City, fortunately, completely not suffered during World War II, But the trends of time required a different approach to urban planning for the development of Bergamo infrastructure. Therefore, from the first half of the XIX century, a long period of restructuring and the transformation of the central streets and the squares of the lower city begins.
City center – a prospect that is poured into a luxurious area with a tower and double propylaea Porta Nuova; This tribute to the past, made with modern means, it is an open space where the eye is nothing to prevent, and the details only emphasize the dignity and solidity ; characteristic features of Bergamo. On the central square of the Porta Nuova offers stunning views of the Upper Town.
Hills, or suburbs, were once small towns and villages that have arisen on the way from the Lower Town to the Upper. They later merged into a single Bergamo, adding to its architectural and historical jewels of the crown of a fair amount of. On the hill is the palace, churches, monasteries, museums, including the Accademia Carrara, Bergamo famous art gallery.
How to get to Bergamo
Bergamo is adjacent to and between. This is not a slip of the tongue: near Milan, between Milan and Brescia, on the way from Milan to Verona and Venice. Bergamo is surrounded by the famous Left lake Como, right – no less celebrated lakes Iseo and Garda.
Get from Russia in Bergamo conveniently via Milan (Malpensa). Get in Bergamo directly possible through the Bergamo Orio al Serio. But he believes Milan additional airport and receives flights vnutriitalyanskih lines, working with charters, low-cost airlines and some international airlines are not the first link. From Moscow directly to the airline flies only "Victory". Milan, the airport can accommodate a huge number of flights of various companies from which to choose the most optimal and time for you and at the price of an option.
In Bergamo from Malpensa Airport
In order to get there Bergamo, from Malpensa airport bus it is necessary to reach the Milan Central Station (direct bus from the airport to Bergamo not). You can choose shuttle buses (the cost 10 Euro) Or the bus company "Terravision" (ticket price € 8). they stand y outputs from the terminals 1 and 2. The way the buses about an hour. Tickets can be bought from the driver.
Bus company «Terravision» depart In Bergamo from the square of Milan Central Station, On the way the bus is about an hour, passes through the city of Bergamo (the bus goes to Orio al Serio), where you can leave the bus. One end is worth a ticket 5 Euro, back-back – 9. The site of the company: www.Terravision.EU. You can get to Bergamo and By train. From Milan to Bergamo, direct regional trains (trainers) go very often, in the way there are from 48 minutes to 1 hour and 13 minutes, the ticket is worth 5.50 Euro.
From the aorer Orio al Serio
If you flew to Bergami Airport Orio Al Serio, then the center of Bergamo can be enabled by bus company "ATB AZIENDA TRASPORTI BERGAMO", site: ATB.bergamo.IT. Bus buses every 20 min, On the way – 16 minutes. Buses make stops at Bergamo Railway Station, at the Nuova port, at the Funicivore station to the Upper City and the Upper City. Ticket price – 2.30 Euro.
Taxi From Orio Al Serio Airport, Bergamo costs $ 40 (the price depends on the class of the machine provided), from Malpensa Airport ; from 90 euros, so better not to think about it.
Bus station in Bergamo Located almost opposite the railway station. And you can deal with the directions and prices on the sites:
Railway station and bus station, "living" in close neighborhood, are practically at the entrance to the center of the lower city. Walking from the train station to the Funicivore station will take 15-20 minutes.
From other cities of Italy
You can get to Bergamo, for example, from Verona and Venice with transfers, the time on the way will be: from Verona two hours (the cost of a ticket from 19.70 euros), from Venice – three hours (the ticket costs from 29.70 euros). The cost of the ticket depends on the class of trains that are part of the route at or another. In any case, exact travel time, transfers, list and specific cost of tickets you will learn on the website: TRENITALIA.Com. On the site tickets you can buy.
How to get from Bergamo to Venice
From Bergamo to Venice Shut off buses. There are flights I from the bus station and from Orio Al Serio Airport. On the way they are about 4 hours, tickets are worth from 13.90 euros. Buses follow to three points: Trondketto, Mestre or Marco Polo Airport. Schedule and accurate prices for tickets can be found here: Flixbus.IT. Similarly, you can also challenitate bus flights to Verona.
For traveling in Italy there is a suitable site, where you are given the opportunity to choose a way of movement and purchase a ticket: Ru.goeuro.Com.
How to get from Bergamo to Lake Como
Lake Como – Famous Italian Resort ; located 90 km from Bergamo. Options to get to Lake Three: by car, by train and bus. Machine You will get there per hour with a little. Train delivers you to the station "Como Nord Large" (this is the closest to the lake) in 2 hours 40 minutes. Ticket price – from 7.90 to 9.20 euros.
Four times a day in como Bus station Bergamo walks bus C46. On the way it is about 2-3 hours depending on the load workload, the ticket is worth 5.80 Euro. Schedule Best to know at the bus station bus station.
How to rent a car in Bergamo
You can rent a car at the airport and in the city itself. But it is better to do it in advance, especially since At the airport, the car rental rack works only during the day. Coming a night flight, you risk waiting.
Several sites for renting cars:
- But the site is Italian: Maggiore.IT.
Car rental agencies in Bergamo very much. All of them are focused in the lower city, in the center of the center.
What to see in Bergamo
Watch in Bergamo there is something and in a variety. Therefore, let’s try to simply list the sights with their brief description. You, depending on the map, you can make your own route because described here Attractions are located nearby. You will only choose: just walk through the streets or spend some time to visit the museum
Upper City – Citta&# 8217; Alta
This is the fastest, but also a very interesting way to get to the upper city. Built in 1886-87, the funicular connects both parts of Bergamo, making a rise at a height of 83 m and overcoming the distance of 228 m in 3-4 minutes. The mountain tram is a stepped two-chairs structure, and if you can easily get up by the window, you can enjoy the panoramic views of the lower city during the lifting. The funicular allows you to make practically a jump from one era to another: from the lower city of the neoclassicist sample in the medieval and Renaissance upper city. He goes directly through the powerful Venetian wall of the XV century.
Station of the funicular is located At the very end of Vial Vittorio Emmanuel, which goes through the center almost from the railway station. One end is worth a ticket 1.20 Euro, This is a ticket for any kind of urban transport, you can also buy a ticket at the funicular station (there is also a ticket office, and a ticket machine), and in the shops called Tabaccheria. Often at the entrance to the landing in the funicular is formed a queue, but it moves pretty quickly.
The schedule of mountain trams can be viewed here: ATB.bergamo.IT; Funicular at the very end of the list.
Piazza Mercato Delle Skarpe
The name is translated as a shoe market area. The top station of the funicular settled in the building of the XIV century, the facade of the emerging to this area, opposite ; In the renovated arches of the ancient house there is a cafe. And in the center of a small area – a large reservoir, it was built in 1486, it was the largest at that time a capacity of water for the city; Now it is closed.
This area is interesting because, first of all, she is a kind of front city, immediately immersing guests to the atmosphere of antiquity, secondly, this is a historic place where the main roads were in Bergamo, which were from Milan and Venice, third Here the guest decides which expensive to go and get acquainted with the old Bergamo: go to the right and soon to be the Rockka Tower, left – and get around the city around the perimeter of the wall, going to the central square from the rear, or a little right and up the street to go out On Piazza Vecchya.
Piazza Mercato delle Scarpe uneven, its form and relief she’d sets for the rule guest of its existence throughout the hike through the narrow crooked streets, cobblestone: streets will drastically go up and just cool to go down, shrink and expand, winding between high the strong walls of old houses and palazzos.
"Rocky" ; which means "rock". It is really a rock, towering over the city. In the most ancient times there was a history of Bergamo Capitol, and in it the temple of Jupiter. In 1331 John of Bohemia, King of Bohemia, in the hope that Italy will win and stay here at least for a long time, lays on the site of the temple castle. failed to stay the king, but the work they started, Milan continued their first rulers, then the Venetians. They, by the way, and built a round tower; it happened in a hundred and fifty years after the laying of the castle. Throughout his long life Rocca Tower was used as a prison, shelter and barracks.
Today, the Tower is the Museum of History Department, the exhibition dedicated to him XIX century: from Napoleon’s arrival to the War of Independence.
Near the tower is divided Rocca Memorial Park.
The ticket is worth in Rocca 3 Euro.
- from October to May every day except Mondays, from 9:30 to 18:00 (break 13: 00-14: 30),
- from June to September, from Tuesday to Friday from 10:00 to 18:00 (break from 13:00 to 14:30), Saturday, Sunday – 10:00 to 19:00.
Piazza Vecchia and its architectural ensemble
In the heart of the Upper Town is trapezoidal Piazza Vecchia – Old Square. The area was formed in the period from 1440 on 1493 years, originally had a religious significance because of the location near the old churches, but after acquired its present shape and size, but at the same time the value of the main square of the city free. On one side of the square stands Palazzo della Rajone, it is the old town hall. The palace was rebuilt many times. But in general, it carries in its appearance traces of Venetian influence: it can be seen not only on some separate, purely Venetian architectural features, but also by the symbol of Venice – the figure of the winged lion of the Holy Brand. Enter the central hall, painted by frescoes of the XIV-XV centuries, you can only on the covered roof of the outer staircase attached in 1385. Palazzo della Rajona openly on the days of exhibitions and cultural events.
To the right of the Palazzo towers City Tower, or Campanene Tower (Big bell). Tower height – 54 m. Her story is very long: it is quite possible that it is worth it since Roman times. The tower was repeatedly rebuilt and decorated. In 1565, a new huge bell hung in the tower, why she got their second name. This bell was alarm: For example, he filed a signal about the occurrence of the night o’clock when it was already forbidden to go outside.
You can rise to the tower, the guests are selected: put on foot on the stairs or on the elevator. But whatever way of lifting the guest nor choose, pay for the entrance will have to. Campanene Tower is an integral part of a historical museum complex.
Single ticket In three Museums Piazza Vecchye will cost 5 Euro. But for young people from 11 to 18 years old, it will be 1 euros for the tower.
Working hours Towers:
- From November to March from 9:30 to 18:00 (lunch ; 13: 00-14: 30),
- From April to October: Tuesday-Friday from 9:30 to 18:00, on weekends from 9:30 to 20:00 (lunch – 13: 00-14: 30), on Mondays the tower.
Palazzo Nuovo, or Palpazzo del Perezet, adjoins the Tower of Campoon on the left side. Built the building at the end of the XVI century, served for some time at the Town Hall, then, when Bergamo obeyed Venice, it became known as the "Palace of Lawyers", the judicial authorities were held here. Many later, the building was given under the library. Now here is the historical Museum of the Epoch of the Venetian Board. Inteakive journey in the XVI century. You can get to the museum for 5 euros.
Museum work time:
- From November to March from 9:30 to 18:00 (lunch ; 13: 00-14: 30),
- From April to October: Tuesday-Friday from 9:30 to 18:00, on weekends from 9:30 to 19:00 (lunch – 13: 00-14: 30), on Monday, the museum is closed.
Library Angelo Mai
Ends the ensemble of the old square building of the city library Angelo Mai. The building itself is old, but the facade of it was issued only in the twenties of the XX century. Two hundred years from the date of completion of the construction, it served as a home of various municipal services, since 1928 – this is the city library named after Bergamsky Cardinal Angelo Mai, the Director of the Vatican Library. In the library you can see a luxurious hall with a stucco and a collection of wooden globes of the Cosmmographic Academy of Venice, and in the lobby of the first floor ; "Atrio of Skamociano" ; explore the tombstones and portraits of famous natives Bergamo. Login to the library is free.
- From Monday to Friday from 8:45 to 17:30,
- On Saturday from 8:45 to 13:00.
- Weekend – Sunday.
You can not get around the luxurious Fountain of Contarini, which is located in the center of Piazza. Fountain was donated by the city of Alviz Contarini in 1780 with two goals: decorate the area and give the city another source of drinking water. After a hundred years, the fountain was dismantled to put a monument of Garibaldi at this place, but at the beginning of the 20th century, Garibaldi was transferred to the lower city, and the fountain was returned to the previous place.
Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore
If you go under the arches of Palazzo della Rajone, you will go to a small Piazza Duomo and find yourself right in front of the luxurious facade of the old Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore. The luxury of the facade is difficult to describe: this is a patterned combination of three-color marble niches, capitals, pilasters and other architectural elements. The entrance, which opens up your gaze, is similar to the exquisite cake, not to the bottom, namely exquisite. Near this entrance is the portal Capella Colloni.
Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore has four entrances (there is no central entrance to the church), each of them protects a couple of marble lions, but each couple has its color. Basilica was built on the site of an ancient temple, which then changed the church, also dedicated to the Virgin Mary, from 1137. Built long, with big interruptions. Dedication to the Virgin Mary was not accidental: the Basilica decided to build, in order to protect the city from the plague epidemic.
Inside the basil – a completely baroque artwork.
The famous native Bergamo, composer Gaetano Donizetti, is buried in the Church.
Entrance to Basil Free, Open from 8:30 to 17 (from November to March) and from 8:30 to18: 00, break from 12:30 to 14:30, on Sunday Opening hours: from 9 to 13 and from 15 to 18.
Duomo and Baptistery are on both sides of the Basilica. The current Duomo of the city of Bergamo – the building is relatively new, the former temple was demolished for the construction of the Venetian wall. But now in the walls, Duomo can be visited Museum of Cathedral and Salt, Where, in addition to unique artifacts, exhibits, you will open all the complex temporary approaching the construction history of this place.
Entrance to the museum Open from 9:30 to 18:30, break from 13:00 to 14:00, day off – Monday, a ticket worth 5 Euro.
Entrance to Duomo Free and open daily from 7:30 to 12:00 and from 15:00 to 18:30.
Baptistery, octaigrated structure of the XIV century, in niches decorated with 8 allegorical figures virtue, and on the dome – the same number of bliss figures. This sample of gothic architecture is open only for baptism.
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Piazza Chittadela (Citadel Square)
This area is essentially the inner courtyard of medieval castle buildings, coming out from which you can get into a small garden park, followed by streets with a car movement, you can go down to the lower city, and you can cross them and continue learning the top. Noteworthy this area also the fact that it is here that Archaeological Museum.
Get to the museum you can absolutely free.
- In the autumn-winter period: 9: 00-12: 30 and 14: 30-17: 30,
- In Spring-Summer: 9: 00-12: 30 and 14: 30-18: 00.
- On Saturday and Sunday, the museum is open from 9:00 to 19:00. Monday – day off.
Going out of Piazza Chittadelle through the gate of the tower on Piazza Lorenzo Musteroni, you can get on the outdoor here Antique market.
Via Arena Enives the upper city on the left, if you go to her from the Funic’s Station. There are already excellent Viewing platforms With panoramic view of the lower city, the street itself – a sample of a cobblestone pavement, walking in it not easy. She rests right in the gate Episcopal Seminary named after Pope John XXIII, In the past, the seminarist of this educational institution, then the teacher, later the Cardinal and, finally, PTIC. You can hardly get there, but on this street, in the house number 9 you will find Museum of Gaetano Donizetti, Family Opera Composer, Bergamo Native. The ticket costs 3 Euro, The museum is open: from October to May – from Tuesday to Friday from 9:30 to 13:00, Saturday and Sunday – from 9:30 to 18:00, break from 13:00 to 14:30, from June to September – with 10:00 to 18:00, break from 13:00 to 14:30, weekend on Monday.
Returning to the funicular, you can turn on the last alone to the right before the descent to Piazza Mercato Delle Scarpe, the courtyard will open there, called Lavateo (laundry). Covered stone or bathtub, or a big bark for washing linen during the Middle Ages collected here the hoses of the surrounding houses. Today is a resting place in the shade of trees and high houses. There are benches and water columns with drinking water.
Listing the sights of the Upper City can be further: and the list includes Venetian walls, and the gateway to the upper city, and several churches, and numerous palaces ; but one day to inspect them all clearly not enough. In addition, there is also the lower city.
First of all in the lower city it is worth paying attention to the center. He is called – Pyachinsky Center Bergamo. Architect Marcello Picatini – author of the project Port Nova, by which you will not pass when you go to the funiculine. Offilers from two sides of John XXIII Avenue, as it were, 45-meter maintain Tower of fallen, Built in 1924. Since 2015, the tower is open for visits. The ticket costs 3 Euro, Opening hours: Friday, Saturday, Sunday from 10:00 to 13:00 and from 15:00 to 18:00. Monday and Thursday – by appointment.
Church of Santa Maria Delle Grazie is almost opposite Nuova’s port. The building of the church in the style of neoclassicism is all that remained from the huge territory of the monastery, demolished during the restructuring of the center of the Nizhny city and the laying of the road from the railway station built in the second half of the XIX century.
Deserves the attention of I Church of Saints Bartolomeo and Stefano, built in the XVIII century in a mixed barky-gothic style. In it you can see the work of Francesco Monty and Giuseppe Antonio Orelly.
Church of Santo Spirito (Holy Spirit), Founded in the XIV century stores in its walls masterpieces Lorenzo Lotto, Andrea Preview and Burgenon.
Academy of Carrara Should stand in a separate list of places to visit. This is the famous gallery where the work of the Italian painters of the XV-XIX centuries are collected. Among them, Pisanello, Botticelli, Bellini, Rafael, Thipolo, Cantelto and many others.
Site Academy: Lacarrara.IT.
Academy hours: Winter period – from 9:30 to 17:30, summer period – from 10:00 to 19:00, Cassa stops selling tickets per hour before the closure of the museum.
Ticket price – 10 Euro.
Gallery of Contemporary Art (Gamec) Among their permanent expositions offers to your attention a meeting of a spoon, in which about 40 masterpieces (among them the works of Kandinsky, Morandi, and others.), the collection of manzu: sculptures, paintings, engravings and sketches of manzu, presented to them in the city, and a collection of knocks, representing European art 50-60s. In the Gallery Foundations, a meeting of modern medals and a collection of photographs is exhibited.
Gallerous Operation: From Wednesdays to Monday from 9:00 to 18:00, Break from 13:00 to 15:00.
Entrance to permanent exposures Free.
Working hours of temporary exhibitions need to be recognized on the site. Entrance – 6 Euro.
And finally hills
To get acquainted with the picturesque emissions of Bergamo, which is located at the foot of the Alps, it is best to go to the tour of historical residences: Palazzo Moroni, Ternts, Aliarti, Villa Grizzyndi Finarti – who are held every Sunday from the end of April to June. Phone for references: +39 035 233 350, site: www.Multi-Consult.IT /
Among the many beauties and attractions it is worth highlighting San Vihilio Castle. And on the hills themselves – many vintage stairs, who lead to old residences, former and current monasteries, parks and viewing grounds. All of this you can inspect yourself, buying a map and guidebook.
Where to stay in Bergamo
It may well happen that, having decided to first inspect Bergamo per day, you will understand that one day is not separated here. Of course, there are different situations, including, taking into account the time of departure / departure, when the night is necessary. Choice of hotels, apartments, apartments, hotels like b&B in Bergamo is pretty great.
Sites will help: www.Airbnb.Ru and www.Booking.Com. Most of the experienced tourists recommend to stop the lower city: It is easier here with parking, if you are on the car, much more choice of food, and Prices are a little lower, than in the historic top, shopping in Bergamo is also focused in the lower city. Considering that the majority of tourists who came here are looking for housing only for overnight stay, preferred to study the city, ride in neighboring cities, With the safety of hotels bother not worth it.
Know that two-star hotels in Bergamo three (prices for the double room in them from 60 to 150 euros per day), hotels with 3 stars – seven (double room from 100 euros), 9 hotel complexes with a 4-crisp class (prices fluctuate from 150 to 400 euros). Five-star hotel in Bergamo alone ; "Relais San Lorenzo", Double Room from 200 to 560 euros.
Discounts on hotels
Studying prices for apartments, remember that sites can set the cost of the rooms immediately for 2-3 nights. And naturally, do not forget about early booking, when you have a chance to catch a very profitable price.
The one described in this article is only part of the huge architectural, artistic and historical heritage, which the Berghames left us for the century, or, as more correctly, to call them, Bergamasci. It remains only to wish you to make an accurate choice, it is good to calculate the time, fall in love with this city, full of unhistribution, dignity and pure mountain air Alps, and come here more than once and not two.