Regions of France: Burgundy

The historic region of Burgundy (Bourgogne, Burgundy) lies in almost the center of the eastern part of France, around the array of Morevan and the top flow of the Seine. These edges are famous for their lakes and vineyards, antique castles and churches, culinary traditions. Historical monuments in Burgundy so much that they are often talking about it that it does not fit in their borders. Here was the Gull capital, known as the Mon-Burevr, here in 52 BC. NS. Julius Caesar won the final victory over Gallia, here the German tribe of Burgundy founded its first state. For many centuries, Duchy Burgundy (do not confuse the Kingdom of the same name, located significantly south and part of the Sacred Roman Empire) was independent of Paris, and during the century of war even performed on the side of England (it was the local Duke, as believed to be guilty of Zhanna d’Ark British). By the 20th century, the power of the Dukes stretched to the entire Frannd-Corte, Alsace, Lorraine, Belgium, Holland, Picardia and Flanders, bishops of the clues were considered the second on the influence of Europe’s spiritual leaders after Pope, and Burgundy was the richest state of Europe, competing with Venice. Only the death of the duke of Karl bold at the siege of Nancy (1477.) put the end of the independence of Burgundians.


In the Jonna Department (Yonne), lying in the north-west of Dijon, you can find a lot of colorful burgundy cities – Sans (Sens, named after the Gallian tribe of the Senons, which attacked RMI in 390 g. to N. NS. – It was at that moment a saying was born "Geese Rome saved") With its picturesque Cathedral of Saint-Etienne (1130 g. – The first of the large French gothic cathedrals), Synod Palace (XIII in.) and the superb museum of Sansa; town Auxerre (Auxerre) with its characteristic old quarters and the Church of the Abbey Saint-Germain (now here is a museum, combined with a united Museum of Leblan-Privately) – one of the few surviving examples of the Architecture of the Caroling Epoch (frescoes depicting St. Etienne are dated 850 year and are Thus, one of the oldest in France); town Pontiy (Pontigny, 18 km northeast Auxerre) with the beautiful Church of Abbey (XII in.), the famous abbey of the sieve – the birthplace of wine chapels from grapes "Pinot Noura", which in the Middle Ages was delivered only to the royal table, and the town himself Chabely www.Chablis-France.FRI with his collegial church Saint-Martin (XII in.), luxurious Triptich Laddle (XII in.), the chapel of John the Baptist (XIV in.) and trading ranks of Le-Pti-Pontigny, in which during the festival of wine (celebrated annually, on the last Sunday of November) traditional banquets, performances and "Gastronomic techniques".

If you donate from the Dijon route – Paris and proceed by the peaceful villages of the Jonna River, then you can see attractive Romanesque churches in Vessel (Vincelotes) and Irancy (Irancy), visit the ancient Bon, Until now, preserved the influence of Flemish culture, the famous abbey Phontena www.abbayedefontenay.COM (founded in 1118, today it is considered the only burgundy monastery that has been preserved almost in primeval form), Chaytion-sur-Saint (Chatillon-sur-Seine), with his beautiful historical Museum and Treasure Week, beautiful castles Annecy Le Frans and Talk (both XVIs in.), as well as the historic site of the victory of the troops of Guy Julia Caesar over Gallia near the ancient Aleseia – now here is the Aliza and settlement Alis Saint Ren (Alise-Sainte-Reine). Also deserve attention to the beautiful castle of Chateau de Bussy Rubaten (XVI in.), picturesque city-fortress Semur-An-Osua (Semur-en-auxois) and the grotto and sculpture of the nymphs are the source of the Seine (15 km south-east of Alis Saint Ren).


Smoked Mountain Mountain (Morvan) is located in the heart of Burgundy, between the valleys of the Loire River, Jonna and Sleep. This is the edge of the picturesque wooded hills, little similar to the mountains, although many of them reach a height of 900 meters. Sufficiently poor soils and rare settlements created the regional reputation to one of the poorest in Burgundy, but they also allowed to maintain many wild regions with relict vegetation and animals of the world. Therefore, the creation of a regional natural park is quite logical here in 1970. Www Regional Natural Park.Parcdumorvan.ORG (area of ​​170 thousand hectares), in the organization of which Francois Mitteraran took the most active participation – at the time of the mayor of the small local town of Chateau Shinon (CH?Teau-Chinon, now you can visit Mittera’s Gift Museum and Costume Museum).

At the northern slopes of the Morvan lies the ancient town of stone facades and sleepy cobbled streets – Avallon (Avallon). Its main attraction is the double arch (XV century.), The old city walls and tower Tour de Orlog, Museum of Costume, the pilgrimage church of Sep-Lazare with exquisite bas-reliefs depicting the zodiac signs and lying in front of her city tourist office with the Municipal Museum (open from May to October daily except Thursday with 14.00 to 18.00, free), Sham and park leading thereto shaded Promenade de la Petite Porte.

Just up the hill is located surrounded by the old walls of the picturesque village Wesel, the main decoration of which is the Basilica of St. Mary Magdalena (XII-XVIII centuries.), Which is one of the pilgrimage centers. It is here that kept the relics of St. Mary Magdalene. Within the walls of the basilica in 1146 St. Bernard announced the Second Crusade to the Holy Land, here before the Third Crusade in 1190 met Richard the Lionheart and King Philip Augustus. Nearby, in the village Saint-Pere (2.5 km south of Wesel), you can see the beautiful Gothic church, and one of the largest restaurants in Europe – L’Esperance with an adjoining luxury hotel of the same name.

Regions of France Burgundy

On the eastern slope of the Morvan is an old market town Soulier (Saulieu) – venue of the famous culinary festival Charolais (the third weekend of August). In addition, here you can see the Basilica of St. Andosh (XII century.) With its unique carvings and visit the Folk Museum Francois Pompon. And besides, it’s a good starting point to visit the regional park of Morvan, whose main information center is just 13 km from Saulieu.

You can also visit the town of Autun, founded 10 BC. NS. the Emperor Augustus.

At 26 km south-west of the town of Autun is Saint-Leger-sous-Bovre (St-Leger-sous-Beuvray) – the heir to the glory of ancient Bibracte, which is on top of the 800-meter hill, 8 km from the modern city. This place was inhabited already in the III Millennium BC. NS., And in the first century BC. NS. He was the capital of VersingTorix – the last Gallean leader who had resisted by the Roman expansion. Although for two thousand years as this place is left by people, it has some amazing attractiveness – before the Second World War here every May has been held fairs and folk holidays, and the Museum of Celtic civilization and large ceremonial stones Bibrakt are still one of the most visited attractions. Region.

A slightly southeast of Othan, you can find the town of Le Krezo – the birthplace of the first French locomotive (1838 g.), the first French steamer (1839 g.) and the famous 75-millimeter Maubitsa Schneider.

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