Regions of France: Franche Conte
Southeast Part of France is located in the Alpine Zone. Departments of Yura (Jura), Savoy, Alps, Drom and Isior are covered with a complex oscillation of mountain ranges, Nagrai, mountain valleys and lakes framed by ancient mixed forests, alpine meadows and alpine wastelands. This is one of the most picturesque areas of the country noticeably different from the rest of France in both its natural and climatic conditions and the ethnic composition of the population, architecture and kitchen. Here are somewhat brighter, Germanic and Italian elements, a more dietary and simple cuisine, their recipes of cheeses and wines, even their language, who has enlightened a lot of word forms from languages of other nations of Central Europe, and most importantly – a calmer and peaceful atmosphere than in most central France regions.
Yura is very rich in mineral springs and salt deposits, and in the area of Ark-E-senan (Arc-Et-Senans, South Besancon) even arranged old salt cops that have once status "Royal", and therefore very elegantly planned architect by the architect Claude Nicolas Led (XVIII in.) and now in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The capital of the historic region Franches-Conte – the ancient city of Besancon lies in the northern springs of Yura, in the radiation of the River Du, which determines the location of old quarters.
60 km south-east of Besancon, near enough inexpressive city PonTarle (Pontarlier), there is a chocolate factory of the same name (one of the best in the country), from the walls of which the steep road saves to the peak of Le Gran Turea (1328 m), and from the clones there is a magnificent panorama of the Jurassic and visible alps.
7 km south of Pontarl lies the impressive castle of De-Jo (XI-XVII centuries.), whose modernization also put the hand of Woban, and a few kilometers from the town Ornan You can see the source of the Lou River (Loue), pulling out a cascade of a huge cliff (the winter source completely frosts icicles, turning the surroundings to the popular Christmas holiday destination). Ornan himself is a peculiar tourist focus of the Valley of the Lou River, which is a narrow canyon is washes the foundations of ancient buildings with balconies and supports of numerous pedestrian bridges. It is worth a visit to the house-museum of the painter Gustava Kourba WWW.Musee-Courbet.Com.
Halfway between Besancon and Dijon, on the edge of the fertile valley of Saon, is a quiet and provincial city Dol – Medieval capital Franches-Corte. Gray stone buildings with shutters on the windows, narrow streets around the extensive area of Notre Dame with the same name of the cathedral and numerous mansions of the XVII-XVIII centuries give the city a fairly recognizable appearance.
South Besançon lies town Arbua (Arbois) – Wine Capital Yura and Motherland Louis Pasteur. Here you can see the house-museum of this famous scientist, many characteristic yellow mansions, an excellent museum of wine and endless vineyards around. From here, the wine road begins (Route Des Vins Du Jura) – almost 80 kilometer strip of vineyards, distillers and small private enterprises manufacturing famous "Solar wines Yura".
Still south, at the western foot of Yura, is located Lon-Le Sonier (LONS-LE-SAUNIER) – a calm town, literally exploding fireworks and musical ideas in July. Beautiful chimes on the central square of La Lieberte every hour "Marcelase" In memory of the most famous son of the city – Ruju de Lile, actually writing this anthem in 1792 (I wonder what was originally called "Military march of the Rhine Army", And Lill himself was a military engineer). You can also visit the municipal archaeological museum and ancient salt mines, therapeutic mineral baths Salin in Edward Genon Park, an art museum on an old damp factory, and also see the statue of Lily’s work Frederick Bartholdi (it is considered that this work of the master is a prototype for the famous statue of freedom in New York).
Between Lon-Le Sonier and Arbua, almost in the middle of the wine road Yura, there is an attractive medieval city Poligny (Poligny), known for its well-preserved buildings in early Romanesque style, including the Saint-Ippolit Church (XV in.) with its characteristic bell tower. But the main attraction is the oldest "Frozhar" (Place of birth of the same cheese) of the city – Mason-du-obli (open from July to August every day, but you can only get here in the organized hour round, which usually begins at 10.00, 11.00, 14.00, 15.30 and 16.thirty; Cost – 2 euros). Now here is the headquarters of the Comite Interprofessional du Gruyere Du Comte, as clearly follows from the name, dealing only with issues of the quality of the manufacture of this popular French cheese (by the way, his recipe is unchanged since XVI in.).
Central Plateau and Upper Yura
On a wide mining plateau, engaged in almost the entire southern part of Yura to the Swiss border, many natural beauty and picturesque towns are concentrated. Located almost in the center of the Plateau Industrial Town Champagnol (ChamPagnole) can offer guests a great archaeological museum (open from July to August daily, except Thursday, from 14.00 to 18.00; Entrance – 2 euros), as well as nearby wooded mountains and lakes, especially picturesque looking on the background of rural areas and forests Foret de la-Zhu (Foret de La Joux) northeast. Here, near the origins of the River En, is one of the most colorful settlements of the region – surrounded by a wall of the village Nosoreua (Nozeroy) – the residence of the influential family of the Chalon, which is practically a rule in these parts since the Middle Ages.
South of Champagnol begins beautiful Lake District (Region des Lacs), replete with gorges and waterfalls, tiny beaches on the shores of lakes and many small villages with very characteristic churches with mosaic domes. The business card of these places – Waterfalls Erison (Cascades Du Herisson) – seven cascades descending for 3 km of the river bed by almost 300 meters. Slightly above, behind a beautiful oak forest and wilderness fields, there is another waterfall – Grand CO (height 60 m), a slightly smaller cascades and several picturesque low mountains, around which ski resorts are opened in winter.
Town Saint-Claude known for its mineralogical museum (Musee des Pipiers, Diamantaires et lapidaires – surroundings are really very rich in various geological phenomena, there is even "Diamond tubes") and more similar to the fortress Cathedral Saint-Pierre (XVI-XVIII centuries.). Eastern begins densely overgrown ridges at the Swiss border. From the top of Kol-de-La Foosil (1323 m) or Mont-Ron (1534 m) even visible Lake and Mont Blanc. From the south, on the side of the upper Savoy, to Lake Lac-Geneva, or Lac-Lehman, as the French call him, you can drive completely free. And from the side of Yura, it separates it narrow (literally 3-4 km) strip of Swiss territory. Having a length of 70 km with a width of up to 14 km, it is a beautiful water space, clamped with high mountains, is a business card of the whole region. Coastal Tonon-les-Bain Towns, Motherland of the famous mineral water – Evyan-les-Ben (Evian) and "Capital of flowers" Ivoire are world famous resorts, eternally crowded tourists. From here it begins a 700-kilometer tourist route Rut-Des Grand Alps WWW.RuededesGrandesalpes.COM passing through the most beautiful places of the mountains to the most Menton on the Mediterranean coast.
Ski regions of the array of Jura offer skiers 270 km full of modern tracks. And although the height difference here is relatively small, and with snow there are certain problems, better choice for short ski tours for residents of the North of the country. The most popular mountain resorts here include Grandvaux, Haut-Jura and Hautes-Combes.