Regions of Greece: Corinthia
Corinthia (Corinthia) – The second population Peloponnese Prefecture. According to the legend, it was in Corinthia Hercules strangled a non-game lion and killed a cannibal birds at the Stamfali Lake. Not far from the capital of the district – Corinth (Corinth) – is the famous Corinthian Channel, connecting the Aegean and Ionian Sea. In September-October, the grandiose theater festival, collecting guests from all the Balkans. The city lies on the way from Attica in Peloponnese and is a lively transshipment point. Here mass cafes, bars, clubs, restaurants. On the embankments and beaches of Corinth also boils life.
Business card of the region – Corinthian canal, providing the shortest path between the Aegean and Ionic seals. Conceived even during Rome, when the emperor Nero performed the initial markup of the channel’s track and even began to build it, it was opened only in July 1893. The narrow gorge of the canal, a breakthrough in a six-kilometer is a carriage almost without the help of technical means, is still subject to the right pride of the Greeks.
To the north-west of the Corinthian Canal, the excellent marine and balneological resort of Lutracion (Loutraki), as well as the ruins of the classic sanctuary (in summer, open for visiting daily from 8.00 to 19.00; In winter – from Thursday to Sunday from 8.30 to 15.00; Self-free) at Cape Ireon (Melangeni), near another resort town – Perahora. Myths say that it is here that Medea, being rejected by Jason, killed two of their children.
South-west of Corinth, 6 km from the road to Myna, is the famous NEMA (Modern Archeye-Nema) – a place of action of myths about Hercules and Nemoye Lion. Like Olympia, NEME from the VI century to n. NS. spent sports games until they were moved in 270 before. NS. in Argos. Temple complex (summer is open daily from 8.00 to 19.thirty; In winter – from Thursday to Monday with 12.00 to 19.00; The entrance ticket is 3 euros, includes access to the entire territory of the site and the museum), which was the center of the Games, carefully excavated – here you can see the temple of the Nemye Zeus (only three Slender Doric Columns surrounded by Ruins), the pallet with baths and the Christian Basilica are preserved, Built from blocks taken with ruins of the temple. There is also an excellent archaeological museum and a stadium for 40 thousand spectators with an entrance tunnel (the oldest of those preserved to the present day), the walls of which are decorated with the names of ancient athletes.
In the presence of transport, it is easy to get to one mythical place – Lake Stimpalia (Limni Stymfalias, approximately 35 km from Archeye-Neeye to the West), on the shores of which Hercules made his third feat – interrupted Steamfali birds. Between the modern village of Steamfalia (Stymfalia) and the lake lies an extensive plot of ancient city Steamfale, the king whom he sent Hercules to battle with birds with copper beaks and poisoned arrows instead of feather. Here are the ruins of the cyceryan abbey infection (XIII in.) – one of the few gothic buildings in Greece, and also located the newly opened museum of traditional crafts and local culture.
Reniece of small resorts runs to the west along the coast of the Corinth Gulf. The most famous Xylocastron (Xylokastro, xylokastro) with its good yacht parking, beach Pefka and dozen good hotels. Also popular Ruhation (Rugati, Vrahati), Coconion (Coconde, Kokkoni), Chiaton (Chito, KiaTo), Melion (Melisi, Melissi) and Sicia (SYKIA).
Approximately 6 km inside the country from Chianton is lying the little-known ruins of the ancient city Sikion (The modern village near the excavations in honor of him is called Sikyon). In antiquity it was one of the most important cities of the coast, but after the 6th century BC. NS. He practically disappeared with "Political card" Greece. Excavations appeared to the world Roman terms (now the museum here) with mosaics of the II-III centuries. NS., Many public buildings, a stadium on the slope, the temple of Artemis, Boletperion (place of meetings of the city council, III-I centuries. to N. NS.), gymnasiums (300 g. to N. NS. – 120 g. N. NS.), as well as an impressive theater – more than in the epidavre (at the moment only five top rows excavated). From the top section of the ancient city, an amazing panorama on the ruins, the village of Mulkin, olive and citrus groves around Kyaton, Corinthian Bay and remote mountains. The plot is open in summer daily from 8.30 to 15.00; In winter – from Thursday to Sunday from 8.30 to 15.00; 2 euros).
Beach Kalasia (Kalamia) Lies in the Corinth Bay, in the suburb of Corinth. Sand beach part, part covered with pebbles. Length – 1 km, width – 10 meters. Although Calasses is a city beach, but noise cars here is not heard – car traffic in the vicinity of the beach is prohibited. Water clean, on site – taverns, cafes, restaurants. At nights on the beach concerts and discos are settled. Great place for youth recreation.
Xylokastro (Xylokastro) – Popular resort city, near which are focused, perhaps the best beaches of Corinthia. Fans of water sports will find a lesson on the territory of Marina Xylokastro noted "Blue flag". Many beaches in the vicinity of the resort are also owners "Blue Flag". it Aristonauton (Aristonauton) – pebble, landscaped urban beach 800 meters long and 30 meters width. Along the shore planted special "Salt" trees not fearing seawater. Sikia (Sykia) – a pebble beach of 750 meters long, 10-25 meters wide width. Located 3 km from Xylokastro, in the village of Sikia. Also satisfied "Salt" trees and is the owner "Blue Flag".
Beach Melissi (Melissi) Located 5 km from Xylokastro, near the village of Melissi. This is a separate resort, winner "Blue Flag". Various lectures and excursions are held here. Beach length – 1200 meters, width – 10-25 meters. Beach pebble, sword "Salt" trees. Near the beach – hotels and cafes. Pefkias (Pefkias) – a pebble beach with a length of 200 meters and a width of 30 meters, located on the territory of the resort Diminio (Diminio). Near – a thick pine forest. On-site renting bicycles and motorcycles, hotels, sports facilities. Here you can order a tour of the historical places of Corinthia, as well as to take part in environmental events – cleaning the beach or her landscaping. Beach – owner "Blue Flag". Another beach in the vicinity of Corinth marked "Blue flag", is an Kamari (Kamari).
Loutraki Resort (Loutraki) is famous for its Roman baths and hot springs. Located at the foot of Gerania Mountain. City Beach (owner "Blue Flag") stretches along the coast for 2 km, the width of it – 20 meters. To the beach you can drive up by car. Beach pebble, very clean, with separate large stones. On the territory: Rent of catamarans, motor and jerking boats.
Pebble beach Bucksi (Boutsi Beach) belongs to the hotel Poseidon Resort and is 2.5 km from Loutraki. Beach’s length – 500 meters. On the territory they grow drinking, olives, lemons, olenders and pistachio trees, seminars and lectures for vacationers are held. Here you can study various sports, rent a car. At the hotel there are contests in drawing, photos, caring for trees. Vacationers who do not live at the hotel acquire the entrance ticket and can use all the amenities of the beach – parking, umbrellas, sun beds, pools, souls, tennis court and T.D. Visiting the beach – up to 19.thirty. Beach acknowledged "Blue Flag".