Regions of Turkey: Lake Van
The business card of the region is undoubtedly itself Lake Van – huge (area of about 4000 sq. km) and deep (up to 200 meters) reservoir lying at an altitude of about 1750 meters above sea level. Surrounded from all sides by narrow, but fertile plains and mountains, the lake once was the usual mountain valley, which two hundred thousand years ago blown up the explosion of the volcano NEMUT.
Due to the leaching of the lava and the release of numerous mineral springs, the water of the lake has a pronounced alkaline taste – this is the largest sowing lake in the world. Its water is almost unsuitable for drinking, but the locals erase in it often without any soap or powders. Also, it is also suitable for swimming, although in some skin diseases of its water even recommended. However, in the area of stony shames, opposite the island of Akdamar (Akdamar) and on the north side, you can quite comfortably swim. And in the southern shore, where the mineralization of water comes up to 67 ppm – just like in the Dead Sea, the water density is high enough to keep afraid even able to swim a person.
At the same time, there is a life in the lake – only one kind of fish is found here, but fruit trees fruit trees, unexpected in such high mountain places, are beautifully growing and fruit. In addition, Wang lies on the main route of the migration of birds from the European part of Russia and from the Caucasus to Africa, so in the spring and autumn it is filled with bird flocks. Well, one more attraction of the region can be boldly called a bathtub, widely known worldwide with his colorful eyes, a complete lack of a bed and exorbitant to water (by the way, the export of these cats from the country is a criminal offense and punishable with huge fines).
Northern Lake Store keeps a lot of interesting things – a huge caravansery of El Aman (1502 g.) between Bitlis and Tatwan, a picturesque old cemetery Ahlat (Ahlat) with an area of almost two square kilometers, ancient fortress Adilgevaza (AdilceVaz) and nearby Cefkalese Citadel Times Urartu, Peak Suchan (Suphan, 4434 meters – the second highest mountain of Turkey) and the lakes lying at his foot SUTEGEYL, Aryn and Aygyr, Mosque of Tugrola Bay (XIII in.) On the North Coast, Vana, the ruins of the Armenian monastery Scancelligivank North-west Adilgevaza, as well as inhabited by Kirgians and Pashtuns (!!) Picturesque village Ulu-Pamir 30 km north of Ercis (Ercis).
Successor, Surpkhach and Karaba Kilisa monasteries and Kilisa monasteries deserve separate attention Van with his colorful market and excellent urban museum, famous URRA Toprakale (VIII in. to N. NS.) To the north of the city, the ruins of the temple of the same period and a magnificent panoramic platform on the top of the Van Keslaya cliff near the city feature. In general, around Vana, formerly under the name of Tushpa, the capital of Urartu found more than two dozen fortresses of that era, as well as almost hundreds of rocks of the X-II centuries to N. NS. You can also go to the north on the road to Dogubayzit (Dogubeyazit), through the Birds, a deep gorge and an old bridge, known as Shatan Koprulyus ("Devil Bridge"), and visit the waterfalls Muradia (height of 20 meters) near the village of the same name.
The south bank of the lake is even more rocky and harsh than the northern. Here, among the black cliffs and tiny settlements, you can see the Kolurak Vank Church (St. Thoma, X-XI centuries. N. NS.) Above the Bay Varis, Ruins of the Royal Palace and Citadel Epoch Urart in Chavushtepe (Cavustepe), Castle of the IV-XVII centuries in Khosape (Hosap), colorful Armenian churches on the islands Aktamar (Akdamar, IX in. N. NS.) and Icheri Charpanak (Carpanak), a small coastal resort Edremit (Edremit) 15 km south-west of the city of Wang, the ruins of the once huge monastery of the Holy Cross (Varaga Vang, or Yedi-Kilis, – "Seven churches", VI B.) 10 km south-east of the city, as well as the newly excavated fortress of Ayans Epoch Uranta north of Icheri Charpanak.
You can also visit the town Bakhchesarai (Bahcesaray, 66 km south-west from Vana) with his underground source of botan (one of the origins of the Tiger) and Armenian Monastery Aparank, Ruins of the Surb-Tikin Church near Chataka (Catak, 40 km south of Vana), the most high-mountainous city in Turkey – Bashkale (Baskale) and nearby Old Armenian Church of Surb-Bartolomeos (III-V BB., severely destroyed), the former residence of Nikonian Patriarchs in Kochane (Kocchanes, Quodshanes on some maps) in the Valley of Zab (Midzhinger), go through excellent pedestrian routes around a sufficiently unattractive capital "Turkish Kurdistan" – cities Haciari (Hakkari) in the very south of the region, as well as on green pastures of Bergelsoma or the slopes of the Karadaga (3752 m) above the Zab Valley.
And you can finish acquaintance with the Turkish East in JIZRE (Cizre) near the location of the Turkish, Syrian and Iranian borders. According to Kurdish legends, it is here, and not on Mount Ararat, the noev of the Ark is resting. The tourist will even show this place itself, lying allegedly on the slope of the Judy Mountain (2134 m), right above the Tiger Valley and the city itself. JIZRE – the main stop of the trucks next to Iraq, Iran and Syria, and therefore has many hotels and excellent markets, but foreigners are usually not allowed without much permission to cross the border at the local KPP Hurba, since the situation in the Kurdish enclaves of Northern Iraq is quite troubled.