Rest at the foot of the story

Millennies this country is attracted. Mighty and mysterious Egypt. Unsolved secrets of building Pyramids, Pharaoh Curses, Biblical Stories. Millions of travelers seek to get here to touch the secrets of the oldest civilization covered with the sands of the desert, contemplate "Life strip" – endless Neil, originating in the great lakes of Africa, to go to Sinai to see the first rays of the rising sun and penetrate the energy of God. How much unexplored this country! Having been here, feel a burning desire to return to feel the breath of time.

Top and Lower Egyptians

Located in the northeast of Africa and capturing a piece of Southwestern Asia, Egypt is one of the largest states of the Arab world. The Egyptians were accustomed to geographically divide their country into two regions: one, in the Nile Delta, they are called Lower Egypt, the second, which includes everything that is higher from Cairo for the flow of Nile – Upper Egypt.

In the upper part of the country there are backward agricultural areas, residents of whom do not know how to read or write. Polyna "Country" becomes the subject of ridicule from the inhabitants of the Delta of the Neal, where people secured mainly. Although the concept "rich" in Egypt does not always mean "Dear". Truly respect the wealthy hereditary intellectuals living in Cairo and Alexandria. They are well educated, interesting in communication, own foreign languages. Live apart, preferring free time to dedicate walks on yachts or diving.

Egyptian families big and friendly. There are no special obstacles to marriage because of various religions. The main population of Egypt, about 90%, make up Muslims, and only 10% – Christians (Copts). But the customs and those and others for many centuries were so mixed, that nothing prevents them from feeling one family.

Pyramid XX century

Egypt – a valuable find for the Guinness Book of Records: Here is the mass of objects from the category "Most Most". The great pyramid of Heops seems to be a toy in comparison with the Asuan dam, for the construction of which gave 17 times more materials than on the Tomb of Pharaoh. This is the largest building in the world: its height reaches 111 m, and the length is 3.8 km.

As a result of the construction of the dam, a giant water reservoir was formed, flooded the territory in the south of Egypt and part of Sudan. The largest manual reservoir in the world got the name of the lake of the Nasser. It covers an area of ​​more than 5244 kV. KM.

In one and a half hundred kilometers from the same Asuan dam, almost ten years has been conducted ambitious construction – the new city of Toshka is growing in the desert. It will become the most important center of the Southern, Agricultural District of the country. The origin of the name of the city is very curious. In the 60s, Soviet engineers who participated in the development of the project of the Asuan dam celebrated on the map of Egypt, a point where it would be preferable to start building the city. Russian word "point", Apparently, so sank into the soul of the Egyptians, that they decided to call them a new city, slightly distorted on their manner. I wonder what "Toshka" Now one of the most popular words in Egypt. Restaurants, hotels and cigarettes appear.

Describe aimlessly!

About how one of the most beautiful women of the ancient world – Nefertiti looked like, scientists learned during the excavations in the village of El-Amarne in 1912. Professor Ludwig Barhard among the thousand-year garbage discovered broken fragments of small figurines. On that day, when all the pieces found were collected together, Barhard recorded in his diary: "Describe aimlessly!"

"Beautiful sled" – So translates from the ancient Egyptian name Nefertiti, although many scientists believe that its real name was Tadukhap.

Rest at the foot of the story

Young Nefertiti became the favorite wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (later who changed his name on Ehnaton) and the most revered by the queen of ancient Egypt. Unfortunately, happiness has lasted only 12 years. Nefertiti and her husband dared to challenge the priests, inventing a new religion of a single god! Those revenge – the names of heretics erased from history, they were banned about them to mention and lay down legends. But even during the life of Nefertiti, the husband’s arrangement – Rouching six daughters, she could not give him the heir.

Soon two sons – Smenchkar and Tutankhamon – Pharaoh gave birth to his second wife Kaya. And they soon forgot about brilliant Nefertiti. Until in 1898 in the Egyptian valley of the kings, the mummy of a woman was found, stamped in one of the chambers of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV.

Then the poorly preserved body did not attract the attention of historians, and only new excavations allowed the British archaeologist Joan Fletcher to assume that the mummy belongs to Nefertiti. X-ray established the similarity of the anatomy of the body with the descriptions of the Egyptian queen. In addition, two holes for earrings were found in one of the ear dots – there are same on the preserved portraits of Nefertiti. In the palm of the mummy found the royal scepter. And the hand was bent in the gesture, allowed only to monarchs. Another proof began to be found in the tomb of jewels. So Nefertiti returned to us three and a half millennia.

Fuli with pilaffles

One of the oldest culinary recipes in the world was found during the excavation of the Tutankhamon Tomb. Favorite Pharaoh dish, it turns out, prepared as follows: Eggs mixed with melted honey and fresh grape juice. Then heated wine was added to the mixture and all this was thoroughly whipped. Pomegranate grains added to the dish.

But the Arabs-conquerors who came to the Egyptian lands banned eating pork and drink wine. The ancient culinary traditions of Egypt began to disappear, at the same time the kitchen was replenished with good Arabic recipes. So, the favorite appetizer of Egyptians – Ful (boiled beans in sour sauce with spices, greens and vegetables) – Arabic dish. The same applies to Filiphile (Tajäya) – Vegetarian Cutlets from legumes, Cochara – boobs, mixed with roasted bow. These dishes, by the way, are served for breakfast and lunch. Egyptians dine more tight and thoroughly. For example, pigeons stuffed by porridge. They are bred on special dulls exclusively for culinary purposes. Many Egyptians eat them together with bones. A cafet can follow the pigeons – beef beef sausages with a garnish of boiled rice; Kebab – Non-Marized Shabab. Dinner completes the dessert – diverse, but invariably shrink-sweet baking, impregnated with honey and covered with grated nuts.

Everything changes during the sacred for Muslims of the month of Ramadan. The whole day of the streets and villages remain almost empty, shops, restaurants and cafes are closed – everyone is waiting for the sunset, when, praying, it will be possible to start a meal. Dinner during Ramadan lasts until the morning: the Egyptians eat tightly in restaurants, go with treats to each other, generously distribute the food to the poor. In restaurants during the holy month, solid discounts usually apply. Well, in the morning, life subsides again – the inhabitants of Egypt are starting to the prayers and prayers.

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