Rest in Lithuania
Lithuania is an active member of the European Union (from May 1, 2004) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (from March 29, 2004). Lithuania is the only Baltic country with more than 800-year-old tradition of statehood, although its name is first mentioned a thousand years ago, in 1009.
Lithuania has otherworldly quality. In the southern part of the Baltic The beaches are decorated with amber, and in the forests live demonic statues. Medieval honey and traditional wood carving never came out of fashion. Respect for the traditions of Lithuania is an energetic culture, especially in the compact capital of Vilnius.
The city of churches and baroque outfits, laid out by a cobblestone Bridge Vilnius, did not remain unnoticed by tourists. Less visit the second city of Kaunas and Balneological resort Druskininkai, where the architecture of the 19th century is closely intertwined with Soviet buildings. Being the last country in Europe, which was Christianized, pagan history still impresses the land.
Curonian braid, whipped from the coast of Baltic, full of folklore. Cyclists, tourists and beach rest lovers willingly sit on the ferries, and follow the majestic dunes. The rest of Lithuania is covered with lakes, forests of birch and pine, as well as flat relief agricultural.
The first should be visited The capital of Lithuania Vilnius. This is a fabulous city, especially in the golden shine of the summer evening. In the capital of Lithuania there is a cartoon city of rare authenticity: surprisingly untouched, his pebble streets are laid out of the worn buildings of the period that hide cafes, boutiques and exquisite hotels.
Vilnius does not hide his fighting scars. The city was once called "Jerusalem", His Jewish community was largely destroyed during World War II. Reminders about lossies are everywhere: Museums dedicated to the Holocaust, former ghetto, preserved torture cameras KGB and Cemeteries.
Welcome to National Park Curonian Spit. On this fascinating area of sushi winds caress sand dunes, pines smell like a breeze, and amber is washes beaches. The National Park in 1991, the Curonian Spit passes through the Baltic Sea from Lithuania to the Russian territory Kaliningrad.
Pine forests, populated deer, elk and boars, occupy about 70% of the area, and only a small part is urban; Four main villages Nida, Jodkrant, Pervalka and Preil Known under the general name "Nearing".
Today, tourism is widespread in these fishing villages, which is the main source of income and the greatest threat to the environment. Until the first decades of the 20th century, most of the braid was the German territory. This area was an attractive place for German travelers and continues to attract a large number of German tourists. Today, locals are joking that sand dunes on the spit is "Lithuanian sugar".
It is necessary to visit mystical ; Xola crosses ;. This is, no doubt, one of the most impressive and curious visits to Lithuania. As can be seen from the name, it is a hill, full of crosses. But what prompted local residents to start putting crosses on top of the hill? There are several theories, but the most common is that it is believed that some believers Catholics began to spontaneously place them there at the end of the 19th century after two unsuccessful uprisings against Tsarist Russia. Relatives of the victims could not find the bodies of the dead and decided to put the crosses in their honor. Mount Crosses survived the flow of time, various wars and governments. Today is Symbol of Christian faith, resistance symbol, place of worship, as well as tourist destination.
Complete rest in Lithuania, visiting Republics Uzupis. Uzupis is nothing but a quarter in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, who announced its independence from the city in 1997. Yes, yes, that is, this is a quarter, turned into a republic. And he has its own constitution, its president, its own currency and even an army, consisting of about 15 people.
The most curious &# 8211; this is constitution, in which out of 41 points include the same curious articles as "The dog has the right to be a dog" or "Everyone has the right to die, but it is not a commitment". Uzupis was the Jewish quarter of Vilnius, but the Holocaust was completely destroyed and became one of the border areas of the city. Gradually, it changes with the participation of artists with limited economic resources. They began to use the surroundings as their creativity, becoming a modern and bohemian district, which we know today. No doubt one of the most amazing kingdoms in the world, an area with its own personality and one of the main places to visit in Lithuania.