Return to Tuscan. Sovana
Having left the grown Morning Bagonjo, we moved, finally, in the direction of the Tuscan side, and, passing the lake of Lake, very soon crossed the Lazio border with Tuscany.
Strictly speaking, we examined the famous Etruscan cities of this region in a different way, but I will start talking yet to say a little about the history of Etruscans, because it is here that there is a powerful evidence of the existence of their civilization.
As for many cities of this region, the life of the settlement in this place began during the Etruscans. But the greatest heyday was bored in 12-13 centuries, while under the control of a powerful family of the Aldobrandest.
In addition, this city was the birthplace of the future Pope Gregory VII, before his election on the Holy See who wears the name of Hildebradd Sovansky. And he was, by the way, a noteworthy person. Despite the fact that the process of his election in historians remained, in the act of election results, it was given the following characteristic: "A pious person, a person, strong in human and divine knowledge, an outstanding adherent of equality and justice, the man is wise in misfortunes and Moderate in goodness, a man of good behavior, impeccable, modest, chaste, hospitable." It was he who participated in the development of church reforms, thanks to which the procedure for the election of the Pap College of Cardinals was introduced, the assembly of which became referred to as a conquer. He condemned Simonia – the ability to buy a spiritual san for money, and approved a vow of celibacy for clergy. In addition, they write that he was the first dad, laid down the tradition of papal white-red. So, it seems that they were hidden in those days were good patrons.
Being in the heart of the region’s tuffal zone, she was sought, unlike its picturesque neighbors of Sarano and Pitigallo, does not impress the rock. And the town, despite his importance in the old days, seems tiny and even a little toy. Charming Miniature Central Square and a couple of streets leading to the Cathedral.
The most notable area of the area is Palazzo Pretorio, built, like other buildings of the city, from Tufa at the end of the 12th century, which subsequently obtained serious damage during the siege of the Siens, and restored in the 15th century. Later there were prison, and a warehouse, and now the museum. On his facade, you can observe several coat of arms, which once belonged to the captains at different times.
The main goal of the visit was to visit us for us to the archaeological zone of Etruscan Necropoli Di Sovana necropoli .
Etruscan – advanced and hardworking people inhabited over the 10th centuries BC Zone Central Italy, mainly Tuscan region. Greeks called Etruscov Tirren, hence the name of the Tyrrhenian Sea, washing the shore of the ancient Etrury and modern Tuscany. By the way, according to one of the versions, and the name "Tuscany" appeared due to the "Tuskam" inhabited.
In the century of its existence, the residents of Etruria created a developed and prosperous civilization, a lot of the invention and the achievement of which heavened the Roman replacement. These are the principles of urban planning and architecture, engineering solutions, including a water supply device, the foundations of visual and scenic arts, a burial ceremony and a lot more. The Roman Empire gaining strength over time conquered Etruscan Earth, and the period II-I century in. to N. NS. Call Etruscan-Roman, when gradually the process of the nomanization of Etruscian cities led to the disappearance of ancient civilization, and the residents of Etruria received Roman citizenship.
Etrusks were very religious people, bowed before the forces of nature and believed not only in many gods, but also in life after death. Therefore, next to its cities, they created in the rocks of the city-necropolis, where the caves for burials arranged in a soft spoam of the surrounding rocks, bringing personal things to the deceased and decorating the graves who could.
In the early periods of the development of Etruscan culture, the traditions of cremation of the deceased prevailed, later they switched to the tradition of burial. The poorest people were buried in simple jamas and niches, laying the bodies on simple stone benches, swept away in a soft breed, and the rich townspeople sometimes stamped even in separate mounds, with things and jewels, in decorated stone sarcophagic sculptures. The burial process of the Etruscan treated very responsibly.
The most famous tomb under her tiny was named Hildebradd in honor of the famous natives hazardous, which I told just above. And this ancient building is really impressive. Monumental and in antiquity, apparently, richly decorated, it is definitely the dominant archaeological park.
Built in the III century BC. NS., The tomb resembles the form of the Etruscan Temple with once decorated it with twelve columns (a symbol of the Dodecapolis – Twelve Etruscular Cities), painted in bright colors and decorated bas-reliefs. Today is only one preserved. The main entrance to the grave chamber leads directly under the center of the temple, probably a very important citizen of Etruria was buried here.
Another remarkable tomb is the grave of the winged demons, in the depths of which you can see the figure of the deceased, resting on the bed, from two sides of which there were two figures before. Only one preserved, the figure of Goddess Vanu – the Angel of Death, the one that illuminates the path for which the dead went to the world of the dead, and comforts their souls. She was often portrayed with a torch in her hands and a scroll, which shows all the bad and good acts of a person.
The surviving parts of the tomb found in the process of excavations are located in the process of excavations – for example, a fragment of the fronton with the image of the winged sea demone Szillla. This tomb was discovered not so long ago – in 2004.
I am not too deeply interested in history, especially history of antiquity, so the walk through the archaeological park, of course, was cognitive and interesting, but most of all struck my tourist imagination, so these are other traces of Etruscan culture left in this earth. I mean Etruscan roads, those that were worn in the rocks and joined the ancient cities and necropolis.
This historical heritage of that time causes a mute delight – roads are carved in a tufonic rock and laid at the depths of 10-15 meters, so often the canons are reminded, at the bottom of which gauges are preserved from numerous carts that have passed here.
In the area of Pitigallo-Sonoanov, their whole network, and we only visited some of them. Here in the Archaeological Park there is a short and very simple way of passing the road Via Cava di Poggio Prisco. Some of these roads have a decent height difference and is only suitable for prepared comrades – 🙂 And this is definitely a great place for trekking.
Some practical information. Next to the park there is a big free parking (42.658221, 11.635348), it has a toilet pavilion, but it is closed on the key. To get to it, you need to ask the key in a ticket checkout. There is no institution in the park.
Sovan has paid parking 42.658221, 11.635348, but we are parked for free on the Via Dell’oratorio passing by her literally 10 meters. Forbidding signs, we did not see, and no one had questions about.