Traveling around Colombia: Folk Dance Department Wila
Department Wila, Located in the southwest of Colombia, belongs to Andean region, Wheress is distributed "Culture of mestizov". In local customs and folklore, a strong European influence is traced, which prevails over Indian traditions, for example, most adapted dances, songs and musical rhythms have Spanish origin. In addition, the heritage of the old light was the use of string musical instruments Tipper and guitars, Pilgrimage to Catholic saints, traditions celebrate holidays San Pedro and San Juan and folk superstitions with myths, legends, proverbs and sayings.
The most characteristic dance and musical motif of the mountain region is Bambuco (Bambuco), having its specific features in each department. There are different versions of his origin, the first of which claims that the birthplace of dance was West Africa. Other researchers tend to the fact that Bamboo was a continuation of musical traditions Chibcha Mischov and their dances of the boatmen. Be that as it may, this musical rhythm gained the glory of a typical Colombian, the structure of which is circular spontaneous movements, Sapateado, convergence and retreats of partners expressing love and romance in all their manifestations. Music bamboo has size 3/4 And executed on mandolines, typical, guitars and dulls, Sometimes the orchestra is added Metal tambourine and violin. Women dance barefoot, their heads are decorated with artificial flowers, and the costume consists of a fitted white blouse with lace and sleeves three-quarters and a lush satin skirt with horizontal contrast stripes. Men perform dance in sandals or boots, bright shirts with lace on breasts and dark trousers. Mandatory attributes of a male suit are also a red cervical and sombrero.
Torbellino (Torbellino), simple peasant dance, It has similarity S Andalus and Asturiysky Rhymes. The choreographic composition lies in the fact that men fit into a number of women, and then they move in pairs – a partner with major steps pursues a partner, and she, fulfilling momentum and half-trip, is distinguished and approaching. Sometimes during the execution of Torbelino men sing songs or exchange satirical purchases, turning the dance into a small theatrical action. Men’s scenic clothing consists of a straw hat with black ribbon, cotton trousers and shirts, espadrils, cervical headscarf and woolen jacket. Women’s Hats are decorated with multi-colored ribbons, and the costume includes wide skirts, white blouses with a deaf collar and cloth sandals.
Guabina Tomilense (Guabina Tomilense) appeared in Andakh and Department Wila at the end XVIII century As Creole Music and Dance, Popular Among Goncharov and Kamenotes. Initially, this style was criticized by the Catholic Church, as the structure of the dance meant the approach of partners to each other, but it is currently actively used during the Christmas Fiest. The main tools for the execution of guabines are Tiplet, Mandolin and Reinto. Traditional dance men’s suit includes wicker from Lian baskets used in the villages for marketing in market days, a red cervical scarf, and female – plane espadrilles on a flat sole, black or other dark colors long skirt and a straw hat with black veil.
Pasilo (Pasillo), appeared in Creole culture about 1800, initially was only a musical motive executed by commoners on Mandolina, guitar, type and occasionally violin. During the period of liberation from the power of Spain, he gained a choreographic shape similar to the Waltz, but the reflective spirit of independence and collisions of Indian and European essence. Dance attributes have become costumes, imitating the style of higher society clothing, from velvet and taffeta in dark colors – for women lush skirts, for men pants, vest, classic jacket and english collar shirt.