Tristan da-kunya, 500 years old
After all, there must be a window between the storms of this long transition from the extreme south of Chile to South Africa! But strong wind and high wave does not give our arpet to come to the shore of the most lonely planet island.
Quiet as in paradise
Until the very end of the 15th century, the south of the 35th degree southern latitude in the Atlantic was quiet as in paradise. Well, in the sense that none of the Nose from Europe here. He clasped, like, a thousand years ago, the ship of the Phoenicians, but no evidence, except for the disarmed cedar boards and a pair of rusty nails, was left of it. Yes, and there was no need to drag it here until they began to look for the sea route to India. Kaba is not a desire to gain spices and heal, finally, humanly, geographical discoveries would postpone.
By the 1506th year, Columbus was already driving into the Caribbean Sea, and Vasco da Gama discovered the passage around the Cape of Good Hope. It remains only to guess, in which direction the unfortunate Portana Tristan-yes-Kunya was sent, which was one and a half thousand miles from Cape Town on such a beloved jelly faithful (and us) 37 parallels.
During this voyage, Tristan da Cunya discovered a group of remote islands in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean, 2816 km from South Africa.
Tristanu-yes-kuna managed not to jump three lonely sticking in the middle of the ocean of volcanic island and even return with this news to their homeland.
– Az, – he says, – Emb. Won that I opened! Yes, the islands in honor of me.
According to the official version there was this researcher to the first Lord of Panestas and Gestaco. Two years earlier, Signor Lord was appointed first governor and Governor of Portuguese India. But for some reason, the landing and prosened only in 1506.
King Manuel 1 was delighted by such an outcome and put the tristan to command the fleet of 10 cargo ships. And they went to India, and they would have come, the same storm would not have happened. Thanks to which the name of this luckybean is banging on each world map of the world.
How to gracefully take care of draws
More than a hundred years after Tristan-yes-kun, no one did not enjoy. Due to the strong storms distant from any sushi, they used bad glory, however, as. In 1697, the Dutch was told to the archipelago, they were the first to identify it more or less accurate coordinates.
The entire next century is uninhabited tristan-yes-kun, the French were interested in. Well, as alive? Once every 30, someone here landed in need or out of curiosity. The famous Lapewo was among them. And only in 1811, the American Jonathan Lambert came to colonize the draw edge of the world. Together with two comrades, old Italian and Portuguese Milat, they began to cultivate mini paradise in roaring forties.
"That’s what I gave Mahu!"-Added, promoting about it, English Cape Governor of Good Hope. And went to the colonists to negotiate. Sever, probably went. Or ambassadors sent from the ship.
- Jonathan, – says the governor, – And what are you here in the middle of the ocean, like a fool, you will? Offend everyone can. Come on, we will protect you with the old woman in England?
Lambert was delighted and raised above the Islands of Tristan yes-Kunya British flag. And three of the colonists became better than the previous. Yes, only Jonathan was inadvertently drowned. And bent with longing the rest of two, kaba at that time Bonaparte war did not figure it out, but for her and all France.
And here Napoleon
In 1816, Napoleon won the comforting prize – Turputovka on the island of Saint Helena, which in 1343 miles north of Tristan, than saved two trustee from loneliness. The whole securities attached to the Bonaparte to Bonaparte, one island of St. Helena did not fit, and two more garrisons were attached nearby. One of them fell just on Tristan yes-Kunya.
After 5 years, Napoleon died, and the garrison from Tristan as unnecessary returned to the cape of good hope. Only Capral Scot and Wife and Two Gottente remained on the island. After unknown, the English sailors and fisherman were added to them, or the Thames from the Argentine garrison, and then a married couple with a broken ship "Blendon-Goller". Total six men and two women turned out. After 8 years, one man came from somewhere, 4 women and 14 children. Someone threw the shipwreck, someone naturally forgot the swimming ships. And the children apparently themselves. What people still have fun? There was no pubs in the district.
Over time, the exclusive disgrace noted by the Pagannel, the exclusions of the Gottentot women softened the influx of other blood, and it turned out a strong British community that grew up from the Dutch, the British, Scots with Irish, Americans, Italians and African.
You will not believe
Yes, we yourself do not believe, but exactly 155 years ago the same waters that are now praised into the board of our "Lady Mary" on 37 parallels of the South Atlantic, dishwashed by the yacht "Duncan" from Roman Jules Verne "Children of Captain Grant". It is not surprising that in childhood I dreamed of being on board – there you and a team of 22 people, and the company is interesting, and the speed of "Duncana" three times exceeded our. For 9 days, they flew from South America to Tristan-yes-Kunya. Then another 6 days (just!) To Cape Town. With this speed of movement – go by seas – I do not want!
So, in 1864, Captain John Mangls from our "location", as in the last year we call the immortal Roman Julie Verne, started the "Duncan" in the Harbor Falmut Islands of Tristan Da-Kunya, which is now looking useless. She probably was destroyed by the eruption of the volcano in 1961.
Resettlement and whiskey
The islanders then upset due to the volcano and moved to the metropolis for a couple of years. But then they bored in native birchms, and, having grabbing a dozen whiskey barrels, departed back. The village with the sonorous name Edinburgh seven seas rented (see what a beautiful photo is in the photo). And simultaneously agree, it seems that the regular supply of Uk. In short, healed even more fun than before. From winds are protected by stone walls or New Zealand flax. These herbaceous bushes in three human growth are considered weeds on the island of Saint Helena, but the tristsers are healthy.
The islanders plant potatoes, fish, take flying tourists and rare yachts, and earn the main money … in the Japanese. For gourmets from the country of the rising sun, the tristans catch, clean and frow in the industrial volumes of lobsters and send them to Japan (seen, all their own lobsters have already ate).
Distance from Edinburgh to the nearest settlement – Saint Helena Islands – 2488 kilometers, it’s about how from Peter to the Urals. And the nearest city with a regular message – Cape Town, to it 1511 miles, or 2800 km.
"How here without whiskey in our wilderness?"- think islanders with a total number of 270 people. And proudly bear the global palm of drinking alcohol in his calloused fingers. Probably so.
"Lady Mary" runs through the blue waves Tryam hundreds of miles to the west of the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha, catching a breeze in the sails. And it will be, judging by the forecast, run so a couple of days, until the next (5th this month) storm. Lepoty, think? – Nea. It would be better to now rulo, and after 3 days would subsided. And then our little crew could break the tristan-yes-kun.
But it will be the other way around, and the cyclone on the way to the archipelago will reduce the likelihood of our meeting with the hermit tristanskimi to zero. In the best case it will be able to see the top of the main volcano – Queen Mary’s Peak, the highest mountain in the South Atlantic. Here it is in the background:
Keep the cams to the stupid storm changed his mind to spoil our vacation. It was a day 27 of the transition from Magellanov Strait. Passed on satellite communications.
Below in the photo – yacht "Lady Mary" Anchored from the east side of Tristan-da-Kunya: