Turkmen rites keep folk traditions
Icestari Entry Turkmen markedly accompanied by a certain complex of wedding customs and rites. A considerable role in this played clothes, especially women’s.
It should be noted that the collection of materials on this subject in modern conditions – is no easy task, because the knowledgeable people in this area is low. In urban life wedding rituals have long evolved from religious ritual etiquette ritual, part of the cultural tradition. This is most clearly manifested wedding cycle in the countryside, but even the elders do not remember all the details of these rituals.
Over the long evolution of marriage has absorbed a large number of components of different rites. bride clothing is made from everyday not only in quality, but above all, on the symbolism. Last clothes, performing economic, aesthetic and other functions, ceremonies and magical significance acquired. Wedding suit was closely associated with magic, performing a variety of functions, including a talisman and purification.
Turkmens, like other peoples, attach particular importance to the time of commission of an action of the wedding ceremony: matchmaking, collusion, procession for the bride, her way out of the parental home, the translation of the groom’s house. Wedding ritual is diverse ceremonies that retained archaic features of the culture and way of life. The degree of preservation of the traditional elements of the most complete evidence Women wedding dress, presented in a complex.
Folk festivals are inherently optimistic. In wedding ritual importance had handkerchief. On (the bride’s wedding), women from all over the village bear wedding goodies, sweets in the nodules of the shawls of various sizes. When they returned to the care units with gifts of equal value brought. Large handkerchief served as a type of gift. During the competition among men to win the scarf is the most valuable prize. Wedding procession (formerly of the camels and horses, now of car) girls decorate with colored scarves, which are then handed out to drivers and attendants.
Handkerchief – an important decoration of the wedding ritual. All the young women and girls come to the wedding certainly bright colorful headscarves. In one place, their Tkut, in the other – use the purchased, factory, in some families, woven scarves are specifically stored for a family celebration. In the nearby past, on the road to the village of the future husband, the wedding train of all those opposed on the way endailed with small scarves and pieces of matter, .
Nowadays at the wedding, guests crushed small pieces of fabric, scarves, handkerchiefs. Guest, touched by him to face, pronounces words: . This handkerchief or piece of fabric is a sign of celebration and well-being. Bring gifts and in the house of the groom: scarves, sections of fabrics, carpets, palaces, cats, bedding – .
For cutting and sewing a wedding dress, they chose certain days that were considered successful. The welfare of the bride depended on this. Dress Croili and sewed in the house of the bride from the fabric obtained from the house of the groom. On this occasion, her close girlfriends gathered in the house. Croil is a dress respected on the village woman, a large mother, starting with a blessing. Trubbing material was taken to those present with the street – for happiness.
Wedding dress, with all its extraordinary conservatism, always has a rich ornamental and decorations. On the ancient origin of some of these jewelry indicate parallels with medieval suspensions . They are sewn on the chest on both sides of the dress in several rows. The dress becomes the parade from the silver overflow of scaly plaques-suspension, emitting a melodious chime when walking, as if distinguishing evil spirits. Most of the suspension served not only to decoration, but had a certain symbolic meaning, performing the role of faiths, amulets.
With the bride on the first day in the parent house, a treat was arranged (Kaitarma – the return of a young wife in the house of the Father after the honeymoon to the full payment of the family of a young husband Kalima). In the presence of mother-in-law, the bride is dressed in another dress – in a red-colored bathrobe in a narrow longitudinal strip. In the house of her husband, she returns in a dark green cape olive shade.
Rites associated with marriage reflect the worldview and a whole range of people’s representations. Undoubtedly, wedding wear, in addition to utilitarian purposes, performed the role of Oberega. She decorated with various kinds of amulets to protect against malicious forces, help in preserving health and well-being.
The belief was widespread that the bride attracts all evil spirits to himself, so it must be protected by all available means. In an effort to almost completely hide face and figure, the bride was closed by the head cape. There were a large number of actions, amulets, talismans, which were thought to have a security force (- says the saying).
In all types of wedding wear, a wicker, cords from camel wool, pig tooth, silver plates in necklaces from beads with eyes and t.D. From wood and a triangular bag with coal and salt sewn to a connecting plate between false sleeves of ritual cape. Salt, according to the ideas of many nations, is shepherd.
On popular beliefs, the bride in the first days of marriage should not step by the foot where the blood of the killed animal flowed, passing by dirty water and ash, walk under a certain tree. It was not necessary to take the bride for the funeral and commemoration.
One of the most interesting and complex elements in the wedding ceremonial – the rite of changing the girl’s headdress on the female. It is held on the second day after the wedding in some groups of Turkmen, on the third day – in others, in some – in 15 days, and in the middle of the middle Amudarya – after the birth of the firstborn.
There existed many options for changing the girl’s hairstyle and headdress. Four braids of the bride laid behind the back, remove a small handkerchief from the head, which has time to capture the boy or girl among the noisy crowd. Mother-in-law returns this bride’s handkerchief for a small redemption – Slav, cookies. A young woman is obliged to keep this handkerchief before the marriage of his daughter or marriage of the Son (to give his daughter-in-law).
Another option: the bride’s bathrobe is thrown out of woven ropes. The bridegroom is symbolically pulling them three times, as if a tearing girl’s headdress, which symbolizes the humility of a young wife in their future living together. Immediately throw a big head handkerchief, presented with a venerable large woman. Here a double power carries a white color having a cleaner character, giving happiness, longevity. Headdress becomes a symbol of a marriage of a woman, the beginning of women’s fate.
In these customs – the preservation of traditions. The religious and magical nature of rituals gradually loses its strength. Many rites are observed simply by the adopted etiquette. A modern wedding costume is a transformation of certain deeply archaic, but in antiquity actually functioning to the ritual life of the Turkmen people. Analysis of stated materials makes it possible to note that both in the village and the city have a number of customs and ritual actions in wedding celebrations. And if the magical functions of clothing are noticeably weakened or disappeared at all, the aesthetic is of great importance in modern rites and traditions.