Types of socialist sunset
Cuba is a country where unique culture grows organically from an amazing island nature, the sad construction of socialism is strangely combined with the rapid development of international resorts, and poverty – with fun and songs. For lovers of Latin American music, this island is special: it was here that many famous musical styles and genres, such as Rumba, Sleep and Bolero, who forced Many Hearts. It remains only to assume that it will be with Cuba after the Epoch of Fidel Castro will end. Therefore, I decided to visit this country now to feel the spirit of freedom, existing contrary to numerous restrictions.
The capital of the island of freedom
One of the first associations with Havana is a feeling of movement on the old American car in Malecona, a long Havana embankment, and on the ocean storm, and the waves overlook through the parapet in the Chan-Chan song, as in the film "Club Buen Vista" (BUENA VISTA SOCIAL CLUB).
There are no hurry and bustle in Havana, as in the European capitals, which is not surprising: the population of the whole island is about two million people in Havana living in Havana. The city is striking by the monumentality of colonial architecture. Many of our compatriots who visited Havana write that the city falls apart in front of her eyes; still a little bit – and its unique appearance will disappear. However, the Cubans themselves believe that at the beginning of the so-called "Special period", caused by the collapse of the USSR and, as a result, stopping the help of Cuba, it was much more difficult to live than now. Now it is impossible not to notice posters "Vamos Bien" – "We are good".
One of the most beautiful Avenues Havana – Prado (Paseo de Marty). It’s nice to take a walk in the afternoon or in the evening to ride a Coco taxi – a scooter containing the driver and two passengers. On this street there is a capitol, of course, one of the main attractions of Havana. From an architectural point of view, it has a lot in common with the Capitol in Washington, as it was built during the reign of the pro-American dictator of Herarado Marales, 1871-1939) in 1929. Until 1959, the Cuban Congress began in the Capitol, and now there is Cuban Academy of Sciences and the National Library of Science and Technology. This building is striking by its massiveness, and the surrounding houses – shining nestness. A few blocks from the Capitol is a bar "La Floridita", where he loved to take hemingway. Now, his bust is standing at the rack, and from visitors – only tourists, because prices here in Cuban standards are very high – about 7 dollars per cocktail.
- El Capitolio, copied from the building of the American Congress. From 1959 there is a Cuban Academy of Sciences. &Copy; Vourter (Flickr.COM)
Embankment Malecon, stretching through the whole city – favorite place walks. There you can meet fishermen, and sellers of sunflowers, and parents with children, and cubes in Bigudah. People who worked in Cuba in the times of the Soviet Union, told me stories that the cubes in the afternoon are curious, because the work is not so important, and the most interesting thing starts in the evening when you can go to dances. I thought it was a big artistic exaggeration. However, now something similar has been contemplated with their own eyes.
A good view of Malecon opens if climbing the fortress Morro, located in the Havan Gulf and built in the XVI century to protect against attacks from the sea.
It is interesting to stroll through the colonial Havana in the Old Havana area, where the nine hundred historical buildings are concentrated. The appearance of the old city for a long century has practically not changed and entered into UNESCO World Heritage List. It is in Old Havana that there are many museums, including the Jose Marti House Museum, 1853-1895) and the Roma Museum.
On a bow for
In the same area, Havana is located La Coubre Railway Station, where we went to buy tickets to Santa Clara. In the semi-empty room, there was only one single window, where we were discharged from hand, because the computer had a music program on a computer.
Cuba is customary to come to the train per hour before departure, because you need to confirm the ticket before the trip (like registration in our airports). At this time, the confirmation windows accumulate huge queues. True, the employees immediately noticed us, came out, took our passports and stamped without a queue. By the way, tourists in Cuba pay a higher price for rail tickets than locals.
The train to Santa Clara looked highly old and saw species: a six-bed sedentary coupe without a door, the glass is knocked out: obviously, someone simply could not open the window. The light burned only in the coupe of the conductors, and the upholstery was rimmed.
- Monument Ernesto Che Guevar on the grave in Santa Clare
"TU MANO Gloriosa Y Fuerte Sobre La Historia Dispara Cuando Todo Santa Clara Se Despierta Para Verte" – "Your nice and strong hand shot above the story when the whole Santa Clara rose to see you" – These are rows of the famous song of Carlos Puebla (Carlos Puebla, 1917-1989) about Che Hevar. Portraits of Che can be seen throughout Cuba, but it is in Santa Clara that the cult of what is pronounced most brightly: his portraits are drawn on the walls of houses and even the bus station. In this city in 1958, Ernesto Che Guevara troops demolished the bulldozer from railway tracks rails and a train where Batista military detachments were held (Fulgencio Batista, 1901-1973). Then the last battle occurred, which ended with the victory of revolutionary forces. In Santa Clara is the Memorial Che Guevara. There, his remains were postponed in 1997 from Bolivia, where he was killed in 1967.
Trinidad – City of Colonizers
This city is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site, so there is a huge number of tourists. We are located in the room with a wonderful terrace, with which in the evening it was possible to observe the southern rapid sunset and enjoy the sounds of the city. Despite the fact that Trinidad is not a village, in the morning of local residents often will be a rooster.
Trinidad was founded in 1514 by Konkistador Diego Velasquez de Cuelar. The historic center of the city is decorated with multicolored colonial houses with elegant lattices and red tiles. Around the central square, called Plaza Major, there is a large number of museums, for example, a historic municipal museum located in the former house of Kantero Planter. From the tower of this house there is a beautiful view of the city. Nearby is the Church of Santissim Trinidad, and nearby the Museum of Romanticism, known for its collection of porcelain, and the Archaeological Museum of Guamuhaia.
- In Trinidade, the architecture of past centuries has been perfect
In the XIX century, the production of sugar was in this region the main industry; At the end of the XIX century and to present his place was taken tobacco. About those times when sugar was the main industry in the region, reminds the former Managa Isnaga located near Trinidad. Pedro Isnaga, one of the richest planters of Cuba, built a 44-meter tower for slave surveillance. Now, to view the surroundings from this tower anyone. And on the way back, the local entrepreneur treats visitors to freshly squeezed on the glass-like apparatus with a juice from Guarapo (sugar cane sheet).
We stopped dine on the farm. Like everywhere in Cuba, musicians played in the restaurant. Naturally, never costs without the same "Buen Vista Club" Songs Chan-Chan who performs the role of Cuban "Kalinki Malinka". As a sideline, a girl with a two-year-old baby, obviously, was obvious to a brother who was asked to the tact. Still, the music of Cubans in the blood! In Trinidad, she is heard from everywhere; Every day there are concerts: for example, in the house of music or on the ruins of the theater Brunet.
The next day we made a babble on the waterfall El Kourunni. It is located in the National Park of Topes de Coliance, in the mountains of Sierra del Eskumbray. Its height is 62 meters; This is one of the popular ecotouristic routes, occupying about three hours. Many coniferous trees and eucalyptus are growing in this area. Waterfalls have a natural pool with fresh water.
Communism Catholicism is not a hindrance
From Trininad, we arrived in Camaguey, perhaps the most religious city of Cuba, how much this term is generally applicable for Cubans, because Askey and Cuba is a combination of incompatible. In 1998, this city visited Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus PP. II, 1920-2005). After this visit, many Kamaguey temples were renovated.
Camagueu was built up on the labyrinth manner to confuse the pirates who used to attack the city in the XVI century, despite the fact that this settlement is in the depths of the country. Numerous temples help to focus in the labyrinth: for example, the churches of the XVIII century Nourera Señora de la Merced and Nourera de la Soledad. There are many picturesque parks and squares in the city: Ignacio Agramte Park, next to which is the Cathedral of Nourera Señora de la Candelary, restored in the XIX century (the initial building dated 1530). Attention is also deserved by the Park Marty, who has been treated by the church of Naestro Cora Del Sagrado Hess.
Among the immigrants from this city there are celebrities – the poet Nicholas Guillen (Nicolas Guillen Batista, 1902-1989) and the hero of war for the independence of Ignacio Agramonte (Ignacio Agramonte y Loynaz, 1841-1873).
- Dresin-&# 39; pioneer&# 39; – proletarian transport type
In general, the city seems more closed than Trinidad, probably because it is less advertised. In the evening on the streets here you can see more of local residents and having fun young people than tourists, but people in Camaguee are no less friendly and friendly. As a taxi, BELORIKSHI is mainly used, although in the center of the city a stone blocks.
Our path to the resorts lay through the city of Matanasas, the center of the province of the same name, where the most attractive resorts are located. The train on which we went to Matansas was much less brutal than the previous one. It was quite a modern autootris, which developed the speed of more than 120 km / h. There was a buffet, the food in which, however, after a while ended. On the way, Dresin was periodically met-"Pioneers", Common among the Cuban Method of Movement.
Matanasas – the city is quite large, it is one of the centers of the oil refinery of Cuba, however, at the train station, the train was waiting for the only taxi – a horse with a trolley. There were many taxis on the bus station, but not all drivers could take us to Varadero, a special resort area. There is a nice beach and hotels, in restaurants they speak English, but it is a resort for foreigners, the Cubans are also required in the Special Region to get here.
We went to the Caribbean Province of Matanasas, namely on the Sapata Peninsula on Playa Hiron. This is a more democratic resort where diving lovers come.
On the same peninsula in the town of Guam is crocodiles kennel, where kaymans and Cuban crocodiles are grown. Rather, farms are even two: one industrial, and the second is tourist. The gate – sign: "Crocodile cultivation – the idea of revolution". Favorite attraction of tourists – Feeding crocodiles. For a certain fee, the caretaker brings half are of fish and allows you to observe how this food disappears in a few seconds in the mouth of voracious animals. At the farm there is a restaurant where you can, besides other dishes, try crocodile meat.
- Even a phlegmatic crocodile should not tease
Other Resort Specialson – Kayo Largo Island. Here, in addition to the virgin beaches, there is a small turtle farm, where long-life live, 80-year-old turtle Maria, her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Nearby – a small farm with Iguanah and Cuban crocodiles, which, by the way, live without a fence. Although Cuban crocodiles are much smaller and frlegptic than Caymans, when you are with them nearby, it becomes not.
The development of tourism for some time is one of the priorities of the Cuban economy, which encourages the state. Therefore, foreign, mostly Spanish, hotel networks with a high-level service are present at Kayo Largo; about the deficit you can forget. Here you can enjoy magnificent beaches and good service, but to feel the authentic Cuba in these resorts is unlikely to succeed.
- Kayo Largo beaches are twenty kilometers of white sand
In Cuba, much makes think about the past: "Cadillaci" 1950s and "Zhiguli" 1980s on the streets, campaign posters. It is impossible not to notice the separation of stores to ordinary, "Soviet", where the range is very scant and goods are issued on cards, and type stores "Birch", where the range is more extensive, but prices are much higher and expressed in convertible peso. Course Convertible Peso (Peso Convertible, CUC) to Unconvertible (MoneDa Nacional) – 1 to 24. Most goods and services are sold only for convertible peso.
But, on the other hand, it is impossible to talk about Cuba only in the context of socialism and past. Here is a very high life expectancy: according to WHO data for 2006, 75 years old for men and 80 years for women. And until old age, they retain the vigor, which can be envied. Recall at least 70-80 summer grandparents from Buena Vista Social Club.
Such results are achieved in part thanks to the most developed health care system in Latin America. But the main reason for longevity, in my opinion, is life-free, which is impossible to eradicate anything: Music and dances accompany Cubans always. Cheerfulness and unique National Spirit of Cubans help them overcome poverty.