Uglich — Urban settlement in the Yaroslavl region, the administrative center of the Uglich district. Located on the right bank of the Volga in the place where the course of the river makes the bend (angle), from where his name went. Distance to Moscow — 200 kilometers to Yaroslavl — about 100 kilometers. Population of the city — 32321 people.
This is one of the oldest cities on the Volga, for its long history has witnessed many important events for Russia. Here there was a famous French writer Alexandre Dumas and lived a famous Soviet poet Olga Bergholz. Today Uglich — part of the tourist route «Gold ring of Russia», where more than three hundred of thousands of tourists every year is.
History of Uglich
Uglich city history goes back more than a thousand years. According to legend, in 937, Prince Igor sent to the Volga to gather tribute his squad, led by warlord Jan Pleskovitichem, a relative of Princess Olga.
He also founded on the banks of the great Russian river first strengthen and then the city, which was originally called Uglich Field.
After the collapse of the Old Russian state Uglich became part of the Rostov-Suzdal principality, and in 1218 — the main city of the same name inheritance.
In 1328 under Ivan Kalita it was annexed to Moscow in half a century, during the Moscow-Tver confrontation Uglich was burned, but the Moscow Prince Dmitry Donskoy rebuilt it again.
Ivan the Terrible gave the town to his younger brother, Yuri. In winter 1551 a wooden fortress was built in Uglich forests, which is fused to the besieged Kazan on the Volga and laid in the place of its confluence with the Sviyaga town Sviyazhsk.
By XVI century Uglich became the far outskirts of the Muscovite state, which often refers to those who have been wicked in the capital. One of these exiles was the last wife of Ivan the Terrible, Maria Nagaya with his son Dmitri. It is connected with them, perhaps, the most tragic and the most significant event in the history of the city.
May 15, 1591 tocsin alerted citizens that died nine-Prince Dmitry, son of Ivan the Terrible and Maria Nagaya. Eyewitnesses claimed that it was an accident: boy, who suffered from epilepsy, during an attack of the disease fell on a knife and fatally wounded.
But many suspect that the tragedy of Boris Godunov guilty and killed his servants who were in the city, only 12 people. The causes of the tragedy Uglich investigating special commission was executed about two hundred citizens, and even the bell gathered uglichan to revolt, otstegat lashes and exiled to Tobolsk. But the death of Tsarevich Dmitry remained the biggest mystery in the history of the city.
In 1611, during a time of great turmoil Uglich was besieged by the troops of the Pole Jan Sapieha, who through bribery managed to sneak into the city. He was almost completely ruined and burned, and its inhabitants killed. From a large and rich Uglich there are only a few hundred residents who lost their homes and possessions.
The first king of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich, to save the city, ordered to resettle in Uglich people from other places: Yaroslavl, Moscow Rostov. By the end of the XVII century restored in the Kremlin, built new temples and houses, and he again became an important cultural and commercial center of Russia.
Under Peter I Uglich became the center of a large province and got its own coat of arms, which depicts the patron saint of the town — Prince Dmitry.
In the XX century in the city were built Creamery, Watch Factory «Gull» and the first on the Volga hydroelectric power station. Today Uglich — it is a major tourist center, which attracts tourists like ancient architecture and constantly emerging new sightseeing areas.
The most recognizable landmarks of Uglich — undoubtedly, Church of Dimitry on the Blood, which is built on the site of the death of Tsarevich Dmitry on the Volga River.
Here you can see the alarm bell, after the tragic events exiled to Siberia, but in the end of XIX century, who returned to the city. Today the museum is housed in the church.
The temple is located on the territory of Uglich Kremlin — a place where you started to build the ancient city. The walls of the Kremlin have not survived, but many in the green of the trees you can see the buildings that have witnessed many important historical events.
Some of them are open to the public, since it refers to Uglich historical-architectural and art museum.
One of the attractions of the Kremlin — House of Uglich Princes. They were built at the end of the XV century, it is one of the oldest buildings of the city, as well as the oldest example of a residential building and all Russia.
Chamber is a wooden palace, which to this day has not been preserved, today we can only see the front of the patronal room, built of red brick. Next to her, in 2015, a monument to Prince Dmitry.
Attracts I Duma building — ceremonial structure with columns, standing on the slope of an old moat. It was built at the beginning of the XIX century, and there are more than a hundred years housed the local administration.
Today, Archives and Library, a museum work in the Duma building, and also hosts music concerts.
Another attraction of the Kremlin — Transfiguration Cathedral, the main temple of Uglich. It was built at the beginning of the XVIII century on the site of an ancient temple, which existed from the XIII century.
In the middle of the XVIII century, the cathedral bell tower was added, which was built on the site of an old, witness the death of Tsarevich Dmitry. Currently, the bell tower is equipped with modern watch that fight off every 30 minutes.
Not far from the Kremlin is Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God. It can be seen well from very different points of the city and is famous for the highest bell tower in Uglich.
At this point, from the XIV century wooden church stood, but all of them were destroyed in the fire, and only existing stone church still survives at the end of the XVIII century.
At the entrance from the Yaroslavl guests encounter another religious shrine — church of the Korsun Mother of God. Slim and elegant building with a four-tiered bell tower was built in the early XVIII century, the interior of the church has not survived, but the service in it are held.
On the banks of the Volga River is very beautiful temple — Forerunner church of St. John. It was built at the end of XVII century on the money merchant Nikifor Chepolosova in memory of the innocent victims of his son, six-year Ivan. In the outer decoration of the temple is especially remarkable openwork belfry and graceful porch.
In the city of the three functioning monasteries. The oldest of them — Alexius monastery, founded in 1371.
Resurrection Monastery famous because in it lie the ancestors of the first Russian tsar of the Romanov mother Mikhail Romanov dynasty, so the Russian monarchs traditionally made large donations monastery.
Epiphany nunnery, founded in the XIV century Dmitry Donskoy and his wife Evdokia, first settled in the Kremlin, and in the XVII century, during the reconstruction of the city after the devastation of the Polish was moved to Rostov Street, where it remains to this day.
Explore the city invites Uglich History Museum. This is a private exhibition of local lore Kalugin, located in an old mansion on the street Bakhareva. Here are the pages of the heroic past of the city, and tours are offered to the sounds of the old marches, waltzes and chimes.
Very popular tourist spot — urban life of the XIX century museum. Here you can visit the merchant’s shop with a variety of products come on a visit to an ordinary townspeople and see how people lived uglichane middle-class 150 years ago, and visit the tea and enjoy tea from a samovar with pies.
Completes the tour of photo shoot in costume in the style of dress of the XIX century.
There Uglich and a unique place — The only one in the world hydropower Museum. There are many interactive exhibits that are not forbidden to touch.
The exhibition tells about the history of hydropower development, construction and operation of hydroelectric power stations and gateways, and the prospects for the industry. Visiting the museum is only possible by organized groups.
Very unusual exposition is presented in Museum of Russian Vodka History.
these edges — the birthplace of P. A. Smirnova, the progenitor of the famous vodka brand, from here and so an unusual museum, where moonshine, vodka bottles of different eras are presented, and even the products of modern vodka plants of Russia, which can not only be tasting, but also acquire as a souvenir.
No less popular with tourists uses and Museum of prison art «restricted area». Here you can see crafts from bread, wood and other girlfriends, knives and lays made of aluminum spoons, as well as real letters of native prisoners on the equity.
The guides are dressed in the form of guards, and for a fee you can take pictures in prison uniform sitting on the bunk.
In Uglich, it is very easy to get into a terrible fairy tale — Museum of myths and superstition of the Russian people. Here you live in kimikors, loose, houses, gaps, gourdalats and even Baba Yaga and Bird Sirin.
In the museum you can learn plots from different diseases, find out what herbal fees were used by our ancestors for healing and discover the secret meaning of fairy tales and epics.
Another place worthy of attention, — Arsenal of unusual bicycles «Scoote».
Here are ancient two- and three-wheeled vehicles made of wood and metal, «Iron Kons» Soviet times and even comic exhibits, such as bicycle bar. The museum has a rental.
V Museum of watch «Gull» You can find out the history of the formation of a clockwork in Uglich, see the models of hours of different years and get acquainted with unique documents and photos.
In addition, modern models are presented in the museum, designed taking into account the trends of the hour fashion, which can not only be done, but also acquire.
All those wishing to plunge into childhood invites Museum-gallery dolls Artists Olga Pavlycheva. Each exhibit here — This is a unique character, a unique story.
Here you can meet the heroes of your favorite books, and representatives of recognizable professions and just funny animals and carappow. The exposition is constantly changing, so every time tourists awaits something new.
Climate in Uglich moderately continental, which is characterized by pronounced weather seasons. The average temperature of January — -eight°Since July — +eighteen°With, summer air warms up to 23—25°With degrees.
Spring and autumn are relatively low — around 5°With degrees — average temperature and plenty of precipitation.
Optimal time to visit coal — from May to September, when a comfortable air temperature is installed, and the number of clear sunny days is maximum.
No less attractive visit to the city in winter, in New Year’s and Christmas holidays, when the air temperature does not fall below -10°C, and the amount of precipitation is small.
How to get to Uglich
The most convenient way to get to the coal — water. In the warm season, many cruise ships are stopped here, on which thousands of tourists arrive in the city. Yes, and the view from the Volga on the city is magnificent.
From Moscow to Uglich you can get on your personal car, travel time — about 4 hours. It must be borne in mind that the roads connecting the capital with the district center of the Yaroslavl region, local significance, so their quality is not always satisfactory.
Until Uglich can be reached by flight bus or route taxi. Time in the flight bus route Moscow — Uglich — 5.5 hours. Bus record also connects Uglich with neighboring cities: Rybinsky, Myshkin, Calyazin, Yaroslavl.
You can get to the mercy on the railway by train Moscow-Rybinsk, which followed twice a week from the Belarusian station.