UNESCO World Heritage Site in Poland
Poland is a huge and beautiful country in which many interesting places. In addition, it is one of Eastern Europe, which can boast an impressive list of objects that are protected by UNESCO. Hitting this list – a kind of "quality mark" that one or another landmark deserves to see her. Each object enters the list is not just like this: some places for our historical value, others for a special artistic appearance, and some for their natural beauty. On the territory of Poland all these categories. Below you will find a complete list of all UNESCO facilities in Poland with a brief description of these places and other useful information. We present here both the valid and preliminary list of objects, that is, those places that are still not officially included in the list, but the Commission considers their inclusion.
UNESCO facilities in Poland on the map
We decided to divide the list by the regions of Poland, or rather, in the voivodshipstries. In our opinion, the geographical sign classification is one of the most convenient and simple ways to build an interesting travel route.
UNESCO facilities in the Malopolian Voivodeship of Poland
Almost half of all the attractions from the famous list are at the south of the country, or rather, the Malopolian Voivodeship (6 of 14). There is another little nuance: one UNESCO object may include several places immediately. So, for example, wooden churches that are protected, quite a lot, and in the list they are marked with one point.
Historic center Krakow
The historic center of Krakow or, as is customary to call it, Old city I got to the number of UNESCO objects in Poland the very first, and it happened back in 1978. Krakow – the former Polish capital, a city with the most interesting attractions and an exciting story. Especially well the story is felt in the heart of the city – On Market Square or in the mariatsky church, but do not forget about other areas of the city. For example, be sure to look in Kazimierzh with his ancient synagogues, and, of course, it is impossible to miss the beautiful Wawel Castle. Personally, we love Krakow much more than Warsaw and, when we are asked, from what city to start acquaintance with Poland, we always advise you to first go here exactly.
Market Square and Mariatsky Church in Krakow
Royal Salt Mine in Village and Bochna
In the same 1978, simultaneously with the historical center of Krakow, the Salt Mine, located in the city of Velie, were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in Poland. In 2013, mine in the city of Bochnia was added to it. It so happened that the first copy is greater popular with Russian-speaking tourists. Perhaps due to convenient location, and, maybe, just because of the big story in the famous list. We can not compare them yet, and we will visit both mines, we will definitely tell your vision about where from two more interesting. For 700 years in the ancient mines, Poland mined salt, and now it is a popular tourist facility. There is even a hotel that offers its guests from salt underground.
Chapel in coolant mines of the city of Bochnia © Sebastian Mierzwa
Auschwitz Birkenaau concentration camp
In 1979, UNESCO’s list was replenished with the object from the Malopolian Voivodeship of Poland, this time was the former Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz (Auschwitz). Auschwitz’s concentration camp comes among the six most famous concentration camps created by Nazi Germany and was the largest of them. Auschwitz represented a set of death camps, in which hundreds of thousands of people were forcibly worn, many of them were killed and burned in the same walls. Nowadays, two complexes have survived – Auschvitz-1 and Auschwitz-2 Birkenaau, in which now museums are located.
Auschwitz Birkenaau concentration camp in Poland
Kalvory Zebzhidovsky Monastery
The Kalvari-Zebzhidovsk monastery complex entered the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999 at the 23rd Session of the Assembly. Among Russian-speaking tourists, this attraction is little known, and only the true lovers of Poland get to these places. The monastery built in the XVII century in the style of mannerism, noteworthy not only with its architectural features, but also the spiritual component. This is the second most popular center of the spiritual life of Poland after a clear mountain in Czestochowa. The buildings of the monastery complex symbolize the events of the passions of the Lord and lives of Our Lady, but the most amazing thing is that from the moment of construction they remained almost intact. Every year, thousands of pilgrims from all over Europe come to Salvaria Zebzhydovsk, to see the monastery and his garden-park complex to see their eyes.
Monastery Calvory Zebzhidovsk © Aneta Lazurek
Wooden churches in South Malaya Poland
The following UNESCO World Heritage Site includes immediately Several wooden churches. During one of our trips in Poland by car, We were lucky enough to see all six temples under the protection of the Fund. In addition to the main program, we decided to squeeze the horizons and looked at the church, which is not yet included in the general list, but it has every chance of entering it. It must be said that these are quite specific attractions and are not suitable for everyone, it is quite enough to see one or two temple to make a presentation of them. For example, we advise Church of Mikhail Archangel in demo or Church of the Ascension of the Blessed Virgin Mary In Khachuwe, but in principle, if you are not connoisseurs of wooden architecture, you can choose anyone who will lie on you on the route. Part of the churches is located in Malopolsky Voivodeship, and part – in Subcarpathian.
Wooden Churches of Southern Poland
Wooden churches of the Carpathian region in Poland and Ukraine
In 2013, another 18 wooden churches in the Carpathian region were added to the UNESCO list, eight of them are not the territory of Ukraine, the rest – in Poland, some of which are accommodated in Malopolsky Voivodeship. The oldest of them, the Church of St. Jacob, in the town of the barn, was built in 1604, but only the siege of the ancient temple was preserved. In general, the church was repeatedly rebuilt and even transferred from place to place due to the threat of flooding. If you compare them with the temples of the south of Poland, about which we talked above, it is worth noting that the Carpathian wooden churches will be younger than 2-3 centuries, and therefore it is also quite worthy of a separate lines in the list.
Wooden Church of the Carpathian Region in Poland © Andrzej OtRębski
UNESCO World Heritage Site facilities in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship of Poland
The rest of the voivodship can not boast of such a big list of UNESKAN sights, but it does not mean at all that you should not attend them.
Church of the World in the cities of Jawor and Swidnica
On the territory of Poland there are two largest religious buildings of Europe built from wood, they are called the Church of the world and are in the cities of Jawor and Swidnica. On the UNESCO list, these two temples hit in 2001 on time 25 sessions of the Assembly. Both temples were built in the XVII century, they were erected in accordance with certain rules and restrictions that were superimposed by the Emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Ferdinand III. For example, one of the conditions said that all temples (everything was allowed to build three churches) were built only from short-lived materials. Another restriction concerned the location: only behind the city, but at the same place so that they can be destroyed by a shot from a gun installed on urban walls. Restrictions related to construction terms: everything about everything is not more than a year, plus the churches should not have either crosses nor domes nor bells, it was impossible to post parish schools in churches. Protestants fulfilled all requirements and elevated the church of the world in Jawor, Swidnice and Gloguva. Only two of them have been preserved to this day, and the third burned as a result of the fire of 1758. Temples are affected by their sizes. So, for example, the Yavorskaya Church of the world accommodates about 7,500 believers.
Church of the World in Jawor © Kroton
Century Hall in Wroclaw
Another attraction from the UNESCO Lower Silesian Voivodeship list is located in Wroclaw and wears an unusual name of the Century Hall or People’s Hall. The construction of this visual-sports hall began at the beginning of the 20th century, the city authorities (then Breslau) were striving to build him to the 100-year anniversary of the battle under Leipzig 1813. The project of the local architect Max Berg won among 43 other applicants and in 1911 construction of the Hall of Century. For two years in Wroclaw, a unique object was built from a reinforced concrete equal to which at that time was not anywhere in the world. Its height accounted for 42 meters, and the dome had a radius of 38.5 meters, at the same time in a huge hall there could be about 10,000 people. It is difficult to imagine that this concrete mahina was built more than a hundred years ago.
Century Hall in Wroclaw © jar.Ciurus
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Podlaska Voivodeship
Podlaska Voivodeship borders with the Grodno and Brest regions of Belarus, this is the first voivodship on the way of tourists who go to Poland by car through the Bialystok.
Belovezhskaya National Park in Poland
In this region, there is also one of the attractions of UNESCO, which Poland divides with its Eastern neighbor – the Republic of Belarus, and this is a famous Belovezhskaya Forest. Belovezhskaya National Park came to the UNESCO list in 1979, and then his status was revised twice – in 1992 and 2014. What is surprising, at the 38 sessions of UNESCO (2014), the Belarusian part of the reserve was reduced by almost 5,000 hectares, while the Polish on the contrary, increased by more than 54,000 hectares. In both countries there are special biosphere reserves, and from the Polish side he is called "Beloveja". In the village of the same name, all conditions for tourists who want to visit the famous forest are created: hotels, agricultural people, travel agencies that will arrange an unforgettable rest in the protected areas.
Belovezhskaya Forest in Poland © Radosław Drozdżewski
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mazovian Voivodeship
Mazovian Voivodeship is located in the very center of the country, it is here that the capital of Poland is located. Unfortunately, it does not boast of a large number of UNESKAN facilities. As of 2015, only one landmark of the country noted by UNESCO is located in Mazovskoy Voivodship.
Historic center Warsaw
The center of Warsaw is one of Poland’s most popular attractions, a rare tourist coming to this city, bypassing her famous market square and the old town. The historical center of the Polish capital was formed in the XIII century, but for a long century changed more than once. So, during the Second World War, it was almost completely destroyed, but thanks to the efforts of restorers and historians, carefully restored. Actually, precisely for what love the city was revived from almost the ashes, he entered the UNESCO list with the wording "as an exceptional example of almost complete recovery of the historical period between the XIII-XX centuries".
Warsaw Historic Center © GUILLAUME SPEURT
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Lublin Voivodeship
Despite the fact that in Lublin Voivodeship a huge number of interesting attractions such as Maidan’s concentration camp, Lublin Castle, chalk dungeons in Helme, UNESCO is only one of them – this is the historic center of the city of Zamosc.
Old part of the city of Zamosc
Zamosc – Pretty young city for Poland, it was founded and built in the XVI century. For the sophisticated style of the Italian era of the Renaissance, he is often called North Padua, and, indeed, the main architect was Italian Bernardo Morando, who betrayed the city a unique appearance. The Zamosc is little similar to the other famous cities of Poland, and it is this particular beauty that he attracted tourists who love him for the comfort, a calm leisurely atmosphere and the most interesting attractions.
Historic center of the city of Zamosc © Fotonews
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship is famous for its magnificent sandy beaches on the shore of the Baltic Sea, which in their beauty can argue with the famous Dzintari in Jurmala or beaches of the Kaliningrad region. But Pomorie is not only the sea and sand, it is also worthwhile attractions, one of which came to the UNESCO list.
Huge Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork considered the biggest medieval brick locks in the world. But surprises the castle not only with sizes, but also with its beauty, majestic and powerful, he leaves little indifferent. The construction of the castle began in the second half of the XIII century, and initially he was the residence of the Knights of the Teutonic Order, and later became one of the castles of Polish kings. During World War II, the castle was seriously destroyed, restorers had to actually rebuild it again on the preserved drawings. They fulfilled their work just great, walking along countless castle premises, the era of the medieval.
Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork
UNESCO World Heritage Site facilities in Cooch Pomeranian Voivodeship
In Kuyavo-Pomeranian Voivodeship is one of the most beautiful cities in Poland – Torun. In various ratings, this ancient city always competes with more tourist krakow. Like the Krakow Historical Center, the Old Toruni city hit the UNESCO list.
Old Town in Torun
The historic center of Toruni is incredibly picturesque, unlike most other Polish cities, serfs and gates are preserved here, as well as a large number of buildings built in the style of brick gothic (more than 200 objects). Another difference of the city from the rest is that during the war the city center was practically not affected, and if we see the restored homes and churches in Warsaw, then in Toruni almost all the buildings of the original building. But the city center is not only the famous castle of Teutonic knights, the square, the town hall and the house of Copernicus, it is also gingerbread. Famous Torun Gingerbreads are known in the whole Poland.
Town Hall in Toruni © Piotr Kożurno
UNESCO World Heritage Site facilities in Lubuschsky Voivodeship
The last object from the main list of UNESCO, about which we want to tell, is in Lubuschki Voivodeship, on the border with Germany. Actually, this object is counted for both countries.
Muzhakovsky Park in Lenknitsa
If you want to visit the largest English landscape park in Central Europe, you will definitely need to visit the Muzhakovsky Park in the city of Lenknitsa (Polish part of the park). The garden-park ensemble of a few hundred hectares is divided into several parts, each of which is unique and original. On the right bank of the Nice River, there is a palace, resort and mountain parks, and on the left – terrace and top parks, arboretum and brownsdorf fields. All parks are interconnected with winding tracks. Speaking about Musku Park, it is impossible not to tell about the magnificent new palace, which is the heart and main highlight of the park complex.
New Palace in Musku © DR. Bernd Gross
Poland and Germany border in Muzhakovsky Park © Frank Vincentz
Here are all 14 major UNESCO objects on the territory of Poland, thirteen of them belong to the category of cultural, and Belovezhskaya Pushcha – to natural.
Preview List of UNESCO World Heritage Site in Poland
In addition to the main list of UNESCO, there is still a preliminary in which the most promising attractions, having every chance in the near future to move to the main list. As of the beginning of 2016, this list 6 more attractions of Poland:
- Vintage city Gdansk – List since 2005
- August channel – listed since 2006
- Gorge on the River Duner – in the list since 2006
- Lead-silver mine in Tarnowsk-Gura – in the list since 2013, In July 2017 entered the main list
- Primitive beech forests Karpat – in the list since 2015
- Kssezyninki-Opatovski – flint of the stone century – in the list from the beginning of 2016
Already in July 2016, the next UNESCO session will be held, and this time she will sit in the Stambul. It is possible that after it the list of Poland will be replenished with new attractions.