Unexpected facts about Germany
This will seem incredible, but the Germans from different ends of Germany, being together, can speak German and discover that they do not understand each other at all, because one of them speaks Bavarian dialect, the other – on Shvabsky, and the third – on Saxon. If they all the same diligently taught in the School of State German – the one on whom the books write and speak on TV, – their chances of agreeing with each other will increase. But if from the end of school, they all switched to local adverb, it is possible that it will be easier for them to continue communication in another general language, for example English.
The fact is that German regional dialects differ from each other not by the peculiarities of the Aviation, as in Russia (for example, in Moscow "Acait", and in Vologhd "Entriate"), and the pronunciation (features of the combination of sounds), vocabulary (in different regions use different unique words inherent in this word dialect) and even grammar. This situation is perceived by the Germans themselves as a norm, and they are extremely surprised, learning that Russian in Moscow, Siberia and Krasnodar differs slightly.
I go to "you"
In Russian, there are many shades and nuances of use in appeals to "you" and "you". We may well shout: "Hi, Petrov!", To Elena, contact the" you ", and Anna Ivanovna is to magnify and both. Foreigners literally hacks the brain. In German, this transition is regulated. If, when you meet a person calls only his surname, it automatically means that it is necessary to contact him formally, while adding the appeal "Mr." or "Madam": "Hello, Herr Muller!"," How are you, Frau Muller?"
If, reawn, a new friend calls himself by name, further communication will go in a friendly format. At the same time, age or social status does not matter. If a potential mother-in-law called himself Dagmar, then it will be necessary to contact her to "you". And if the neighbor – the same age introduced himself as Frau Schaffer, then shout to her: "Hi! You have no salt by chance?"Will be impolite. How are things with appeals in other languages, read in our article.
In the morning – chairs, in the evening – money
Scrupical Germans know that the order will be respected. Therefore, an account for visiting a doctor can come a few months after the reception, buying in some online stores can be made with the condition of payment in fact (within two weeks after placing the order and often a week after it is received). So, you can make an order, get a product, understand that he does not fit, return it and not spend on all this is not a penny. Confidence in each other (or the conviction that justice will enthusiasm) expresses as follows. In the vicinity of cities, many floral fields – you can come here and cut the flowers yourself. Money for flowers, according to the price list, you need to omit into a special tin box. There is no cashier at the same time, there is only an inscription: "Flowers for which not paid, bring less joy".
National costumes – part of the official dress code
Separate regions of Germany with extreme pitfalls refer to their national traditions and their tights not only on holidays. So, in Bavaria in Dirndles – famous dresses with the aprons familiar to many in Oktoberfest, – go to work, walk around the city and attend solemn events. And do it all year round. On the eve of Oktoberfest, the demand for national costumes increases so much that glossy magazines certainly give several turns under the collection of Dirndla from Couture, complementing the colorful photo articles about the latest trends in the world of folk fashion. The outfit will cost the owner of € 500-1000.
The Germans love order, so even in personal correspondence in the messengers, they are often knocked on full-fledged letters with entry, polite questions and signatures "Best Wishes, Sophie". At first it looks wildly, because getting a long sheet of text from a friend to arrange a joint walk, quite unusual. With time, the majority retracts, and the Germans themselves gradually begin to write shorter and capacious messages.
Beer – product from the top ten
Beer in Germany is part of the food basket as one of the essential goods. It is sold in work canteens, and young mothers recommend non-alcoholic variations to establish breastfeeding. At the same time, the rules of the road make it possible to sit behind the wheel after the half-liter beer gland. However, in the first two years after receiving the driver’s license to use this opportunity forbidden.
Almost every region has its own special kind of foam drink: in the north they drink a tart beer with a sharp smell, in the south – wheat, bread, in Cologne – fragrant strong, and in Bamberg – beer with a flavor of a haze. In total, almost 1500 brewers were registered in Germany.
Family – in the first place
After the birth of a child, women tend to leave the decret that lasts a year or a little more. And then give the child to Nursery, and they themselves go to work, but many at the same time, especially in Western Germany, are part-time. Why incomplete? Because the nursery and kindergartens are mostly (especially this is true for the country’s conservative regions) work along a shortened day: open at 7:00, and closed at 17.00 or earlier. Therefore, often working mothers choose for themselves the format of work from 20 to 35 hours per week. The services of a constant nurse in Germany are expensive, they can afford not every family, but many use the capabilities of the Au-Pair program, taking into the family of young foreigners who are ready to learn the language in exchange for home assistance and children.
Business time, fun – up to six years
In Germany, it is sufficiently skeptical to the programs of early development of preschoolers. While the babies in Russia from the first months see over the bed of the card with pictures, letters and words, German children are in the world of careless idleness as long as possible. Read, write and count they study at school, and many parents deliberately avoid early teaching children writing and reading so that then they did not have to miss school. Most additional classes for children are focused on age from 6 years, and those that for kids provide for mainly fun joint games on some topic. So, on dance for preschoolers, they learn to jump like a frog and fly as an eagle, instead of learning the plie and the first position.
Life on schedule
Going on a trip to Germany, it makes sense to use the route scheduler even with short trips around the city. Trains, buses, trams and metro here have a clear schedule, and the interval of movement between them is different from the usual: Metro trains of one branch can ride once every 10 minutes. Therefore, in order not to spend time on fruitless wait, it makes sense to calculate how much you need to get out of the house to get the most quickly as possible.
Bike is serious
Germans – attentive and responsible cyclists. They teach ride a bike back in school. There is a special program for initial classes to study traffic rules. Strips with road signs are rapid in school courts to simulate the situations that cyclist. Accompanied by a teacher of a group of children ride and in the nearby territory to work out the knowledge gained in practice. At the end of the course, a policeman comes to school to accept the exam, and then gives the appropriate certificate. At the same time, up to 10 years, children ride on the sidewalk, and then can ride on cycles. For adult cyclists, there are also a number of strict rules: wearing a helmet is recommended, but not necessarily, but for the conversation by phone you can get a fine.