Urban transport in Istanbul

The largest city of Turkey has a very complicated, but relatively convenient system from a variety of modes of transport. It includes several metro lines and light metro, city trains, ordinary and historical trams, regular and high-speed buses, route taxis, powerful chain of ferries and several funicular and cable car.

Istanbul feature – all these routes are not combined into a single network: at the transplant stations, if they are in general, you need to go through the turnstile and re-enter another line through its turnstiles. This applies to transfers with one subway line to another. Partially all this fragmentation is due to the geography of the city, divided into part of the Bosphorus Strait and the Golden Horn Cove, partly – in its time the disorder in urban planning and transport organization.

Information kiosks of urban transport is small where there are, and the metro schemes in them may not be. Nevertheless, the scheme of all speed transport is in most ordinary map of the city, which are free of charge in the kiosks of the tourist office and in hotels. However, it should be borne in mind that due to the rapid development of the metro, new lines may still be displayed in some schemes. Translation into English is on all high-speed lines, but often absent on buses and minibuses.

Transport works, as a rule, from 6.00 to approximately midnight. During Ramadan and other holidays, working hours can be extended. Historical lines and cableways finish work before. Motion intervals (except boats, buses and minibuses) – usually no more than five minutes. High-speed buses are round-the-clock and go to several times per minute.

Istanbulkart password

At the same time, passengers using the permanent IstanBulkart card, in case of transplantation pay for the second and subsequent types of transport by 1.5-2.5 times less than the standard tariff. At the same time, even the first trip with IstanbulkArt is one and a half or more cheaper by one-time tickets or tokens.

Standard fare for IstanBulkart in the subway, ordinary buses, all trams, cable cars, intracity ferries – 2,15 lira, the second trip for two hours – 1.45 lira, third – 1.15, follow-up – 0.85. These amounts may in some cases vary slightly.

Buy istanbulkart can be in the metro stations automata and in kiosks at some stops of another transport. The cost of the carrier itself is 6 lir, but this amount will pay off for 3-5 trips, because without a card you will have to pay to the tokens that are in most cases 4 lips for the trip and do not give discounts during transfers. It should be borne in mind that Istanbulkart can be bought far from every stop, and in the kiosks it can end. To buy IstanBulkart in the metro machines, a bill is required in 10 lira – then the machine issues a map on which there are 4 lira credit for travel. Replenishment machines are also not everywhere, so it makes sense to always have a certain stock of money on a card.

Metro Istanbul

At the moment there are five lines, including Open in 2014, the Marmaray route under the Bosphorus stranded, which officially applies not to the subway, but to the railway. In the coming years, the discovery is scheduled for a minimum of three. Line M1, Seoding Airport Ataturk, Main Bus Station and Aksaray District in the city center, is the so-called light metro – it passes partially on the surface and uses tram trains.

The M1 line has a transplant only on the M3 line, M2 and M4 lines – only on Marmaray. After the upcoming extension of the M1 line to Yenikapi, a transplantation from it on the M2 and Marmaray line will be provided. All transplants require re-pass through turnstiles. Entry and output from the subway can occupy a long time – sometimes you need to overcome up to six escalators. However, there are usually elevators.

Tram in Istanbul

Tram – one of the main types of transportation for tourists, and the T1 line is the only way to get to the ancient city center (Sultanahmet district) and key attractions. She also passes by all marigions of the city center. In the peak time of trams can be crowded, despite the fact that it is 60-meter trains. Other modern tram lines are far from the center and are rarely used by tourists.

For Istanbul trams, special stops are equipped, entering which you can only across the turnstile. Thus, payment always occurs before the trip, and not inside the tram.

If you do not have IstanBulkart, payment is made to the tokens. The cost of one trip is 4 liters.

Historic tram in Istanbul

There are two lines – one in the pedestrian street Ostiklal in the city center, the second (T3) – on the Asian side in the Kadikoy area near the pier. The first is a direct single-open line with 4 stops, the second is small and also a single ring with 10 stops. Movement interval – approximately 10-30 minutes, payment in both cases inside the tram. Both lines are very popular with tourists.

Funicilers in Istanbul

In the center of the European part of Istanbul there are two funicular – one built in the XIX century, the second is already in the XXI century. The first is called TUNEL and connects the Karakoy marina and the T1 tram with Streklyal Street and historical tram. The second (F1) allows you to climb from the pier Kabatas and the tram T1 to the street Estoclal, Taksim Square (this is never a sleeping area with a lot of hotels) and lines of the historic tram and metro M2.

Ferries in Istanbul

The most pleasant way of movement in Istanbul is its numerous ferries. There are many routes crossing the Bosphorus, each of which is served once every 10-20 minutes. Lines are used two- or three-storey boats that can accommodate one and two thousand people. However, usually the number of passengers does not exceed several dozen or hundreds, and find a sedentary place in any part of the vessel is not a problem.

Key for tourists Pier in the center – Eminonu, Karakoy and Kabatas on the European side, USKudar, Harem and Kadikoy on Asian. Moving between them, you can see from the water almost all the main sights of the city. On all vessels of urban lines there are open decks from which you can take pictures of the city.

In addition to intrastambul lines, there are suburban. For tourists, bridges for the Black Sea are the greatest interest (the trip takes up to several hours), as well as the line to the printed islands in the Marmara Sea (just over the hour). Suburban lines have separate rates – for example, a trip from Kabatas pier in the center to the printed islands costs 6 lire. Istanbulkart is accepted on a number of such lines – for example, a trip from Bostanci pier to printed islands costs 5 lire on a one-time ticket or tokens and 3,75 liters of Istanbulkart.

It should be borne in mind that the same route is in many cases serviced by various companies that use individual pier. If you see that the next ferry does not soon, it makes sense to go along the embankment – it is possible that another company has a closer departure on the next jet. Typically carriers agree on their schedules: if one company sends ferries at 00, 20 and 40 minutes of each hour, then the other flights will be 10, 30 and 50 minutes.

And vice versa – from one pier, the ferries of one company often leave at the same time on different routes. If the berth is landing for several ships, attention should be paid to pointers or ask for advice from personnel. Payment in all cases for landing pier – as a rule, with the help of turnstiles, although manual control is possible on separate suburban lines.

Exprise buses in Istanbul

Hiking bus tourists use infrequently because the line does not pass through the center, but it allows you to drive one of two suspended bridges through the Bosphorus. A line of 50 kilometers long is isolated from other transport and provides intervals of movement in various sections from 14 seconds to 1 minute. Thus, this is the most common type of transport in Istanbul (and the second in the world after a similar system in Bogota), and its proportion of approximately similar to the subway line. To ensure such short intervals, stops are made long so that 3-4 bus will be placed immediately.

The line begins on the Asian side in a kilometer from the Pier Kadikoy, forms a huge ring around the center of the Asian and European parts, passing through the bridge through the Bosphorus. Next, the line follows the freeway along the set of large shopping centers of the European part, having a series of transfers to almost all metro lines and tram. Passing a pair of kilometers from Ataturk Airport, the line goes to long-distance suburb.

As in the case of tram, the entrance to the stop – through turnstiles, usually in the transition bridge, since the lion’s share of the line passes in the middle of the motorway. Although the line is only one, the routes of the buses themselves on it are different – for one way or another it. The overwhelming majority of buses serve a certain third line, longer flights are made several times less. Transplants within this system are free. Routes are indicated by a number 34 with various letter indexes. Route 34 works around the center of the European part, 34Z connects the European part with Asian. To drive without transplanting the entire length you can only at night on the bus 34G. The fare depends on the distance and varies according to Istanbulkart from 1.75 to 3.25 lir, the card should be marked at the end of the trip.

Buses in Istanbul

Conventional buses run in all areas of Istanbul for a variety of routes. The complexity of the system is that similar routes often have one number – for example 49a, 49s, 49k, E3, E10, and the like. In addition, the signs on most buses constantly indicate both the initial, and the end item of the route, and sometimes it is difficult to understand where it goes. True, with the development of metro systems and trams for many tourists, the need to use buses at all disappeared.

Nevertheless, for a number of districts, there are no alternative to buses. Their main finite are pier and metro stations. Payment at the entrance through the front door, a double tariff is possible on long routes. Many buses are rather old and do not have air conditioners, although there are new models.

Minibuses in Istanbul

In the center of the European part of Istanbul, there are practically no of them, but in other areas it is one of the main types of transport. These are usually minibuses that have about one and a half dozen seats, however, when they are shortage, passengers are standing. Minibuses almost continuously signal, attracting passengers. In the case of traffic jams can be collapsed from a regular route and go to a detour, demonstrating miracles of the heterity. Destination (and often intermediate items) are usually indicated by signboards on the windshield. Payment to the driver at the entrance

Urban transport in Istanbul

Urban trainers in Istanbul

There are two lines – one on the European, the other in the Asian side. Both go along the shore of the Marmara. Now only European functions. In addition, there is a process of converting both lines for use as part of the MARMARAY subway. After its completion, previously scheduled for 2015, both lines will actually become part of the subway system.

Taxi in Istanbul

Taxi in Istanbul have yellow color, relatively inexpensive (landing – 3 lira, then just less than 2 liir per kilometer) and equipped with taximeters. You can calculate the cost of the trip on the website www.Taksimetrik.Com. Exotic types of taxis in the form of horse roses are used on the printed islands where ordinary cars are prohibited.

How to get to Istanbul airports

You can get to the main international airport at Ataturk on a light metro M1, several routes of city buses from various parts of the European part of the city, as well as express buses, as follows from Taxim Square. Fare price in the latter – 10 lir, time on the way without traffic jams – half an hour. Express work around the clock, with the exception of the period from 1.00 to 4.00. Taxi from the city center will cost 40-50 lire.

Sabiha Gokcen Airport is connected by several ordinary bus routes with various metro stations and a high-speed bus, as well as the Asian part of the city. In addition, the E3 bus should be stationed to the metro station 4.Levent on the European side (it should be borne in mind that the destination bus is located a few hundred meters from the station). There are also expression buses to the Taxim Square area – on the way at about an hour, the price of 13 lir, the time of work – from 4.00 to 1.00. Taxis to the center of the European part costs about 80-100 lire, between two airports – about 140 lire.

Reviews and studies of trips

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