Urban transport in London

Transport network in London – one of the most rich and branched in the world. It combines ground and underground roads, various types of railway and water transport and, of course, buses, trams, metro and taxis.

You can choose the right route in London from one point to another using the scheduler on the website of urban transport WWW.TFL.GOV.uk.

Railway transport in London

Urban railway transport in London presents three different types. First, this is the metro in the Russian understanding – "subway" Underground, Tube). Ground Automated Light Metro – DLR (Docklands Light Railways) – developed in the east of the British capital and serves its business centers concentrated around the Canary Wharf district. Tram lines are concentrated in the southern regions of the city, around Croydon. In addition, Overground London’s suburban trains and National Rail when traveling inside London is also included in the urban transport system.

Metro in London

London metro – Tube – the oldest in the world, is valid since 1863! Now they enjoy more than 3 million people every day. On the Metro map – 11 lines connecting the outskirts of the city with its center. Stations usually work from 5 am and until midnight from Monday to Saturday. Sunday – shortened day.

At all stations at the box office, you can get a free diagram of the London Metro. It can also be downloaded for Visit London.

London metro is recommended whenever possible not to use the peak hours. At this time, the trips are more expensive, and despite this stations and cars are overloaded. And be sure to pay attention to what exactly the train approached the platform, as the branches are two in the middle of the city and in the city center. In addition, trains of different lines can come to one station.

London is divided into nine zones that affect the fare. All zones are clearly displayed on the maps and transport schemes. Zones 1 and 2 occupy the central part of London, and usually tourists are them and limited.

Light subway DLR

On DLR trains, it is convenient to get to the docks of Canary Wharf, the Emirates Air Line cable car, Excel Exhibition Complex, London City Airport and the suburbs of the East and the North of the Capital. DLR works daily from 5:30 to 0:30 besides Sunday days (on Sunday – from 7:00 to 23:30). Trips can be paid to TravelCard and Oyster travel.

Suburban trains in London

Also in London there are numerous railway lines of suburban and long-distance trains. In the city there are 18 stations (Blackfriars, Cannon Street, Charing Cross, Euston, Fenchurch Street, King’s Cross, Liverpool Street, London Bridge, Marylebone, Moorgate, Paddington, St. Pancras, Victoria, Waterloo, City Thameslink, Old Street, Vauxhall and Waterloo East), from which trains are sent to remote areas of the city, at airports and other cities in United Kingdom.

National Rail suburban trains connect coming and remote suburbs. Thameslink line stretches from Bedford (Bedford) in the South and Brighton (Brighton) in the south, passing through London City and Gatwick Airport. West London Line Line goes from Milton Keynes (Milton Keynes) in the north to southern Croydon. Another line is planned to be constructed in the coming years and will go from the West to the East.

Buses to London

London is famous for the red two-storey buses – one of the business cards is not only the city, but also the whole country. Models and design of buses change, but the color remains unchanged. They run mainly in the central part of the city or connect it with the closest suburbs. For remote outskirts there are more modern and familiar one-story buses.

At the bus stops everywhere you can see the route, map and schedule. At night there are shortened or modified routes with an increased interval.

Attention: drivers of London buses – big lovers rush past "Minor" stops. If you are going to go out of the bus, you certainly need to send a signal by pressing a special button. At the stops at the sight of the desired bus, it is recommended to vote so that the bus will not be exactly drove by you.

Many tourists prefer to use buses for trips around the city, and not the subway. Both types of transport are overloaded and have their own specifics, but from the windows of the bus, especially from the second floor, you can admire the architecture and streets of London. Most "Tourist" Routes passing by the most popular attractions, – Nos. 9, 14, 15 and 22. New Dubdekkers The New Routemaster, launched in the film about James Bond Skyfall, were exhibited on routes Nos. 9, 11, 24, 38 and 390.

Night buses

London has a city night buses system that run at a time when the subway does not work. At the same time, many ordinary bus routes go for all day, including at night. Hub of night buses is Trafalgar Square, from where different routes come travel to different directions.

Tickets and their cost

If you spend more than three days in London and plan to return to the city subsequently, it is recommended to use an Oyster electronic transport card. It gives the right to travel in the subway, DLR, buses, trams and trains of National Rail within the Big London (Greater London). Oyster does not operate outside the transport zones of London, as well as in express trains in airports. The card is replenished, money is written off automatically (it is necessary to apply it to the reading device, both when landing and disembarking). You can replenish Oyster at the box office, as well as with the help of special machines at the metro stations, DLR and National Rail.

TravelCard transport cards also exist. Tariffs are the same as on Oyster, but the cards have a limit on the term and zone of action or by the number of trips and are not replenished.

TravelCard differ in zones: zones 1-2; zones 1-4; zones 1-6; zones 1-9; Zones 1-9, including traveling to Watford Junction. Tourists usually enough of the first type of tickets valid within zones 1 and 2.

In addition to dividing on zones, TravelCard is distinguished by the possibility of use per hour of peak. More expensive tickets allow you to use them at any time, cheaper allowing trips on weekdays only after 9:30, when the morning rush hour ends. On weekends and official holidays, tickets can be used without limitation.

  • zones 1-2 – £ 7;
  • zones 1-4 – £ 7.7;
  • Zones 1-6 – £ 8,5.
  • zones 1 and 2 – £ 9;
  • zones 1-4 – £ 11.4;
  • Zones 1-6 – £ 17.

At the same time, for Day TravelCard, you pay the full cost immediately, and Oyster reads the money after each trip (applying the card to the validator is necessary in the subway and DLR both at the entrance and at the exit, in buses and trams – only inlet). If on Oyster, you hit a less day limit – so much you spend, but as soon as the total cost of traveling per day reaches the set day price, the money remains no longer written off the account.

One-time meter ticket within zone 1 will cost £ 4.7, while when using the OYSTER card, only £ 2.2 will be written off.

Urban transport in London

There are separate travel, valid for travel only in buses and trams. Unlike travel, including railway transport, there is no division into zones and you can freely move throughout London and its suburbs at any time of the day. The standard travel for an adult passenger for seven days costs £ 20.2, for a month – £ 77.6, per year – £ 808.

Tourists can also use the London Pass card, which, like TravelCard, has a limit on the number of days, but in addition, it provides a free visit or tickets with discounts in most attractions and museums.

Bicycles in London

Bicycle paths in London are laid along the main streets, as well as in parks and embankments of rivers and canals. Many residents of the city prefer to move for short distances on bicycles, as it is often cheaper and faster than by public transport.

London has a city rental network Barclays (WWW.TFL.GOV.UK / MODES / CYCLING / BARCLAYS-CYCLE-HIRE). The name may soon change soon, as the bank has a contract only until 2015 and after the bicycle may appear a new sponsor. To use the rental you need to register in the system or have a bank card with a chip and a PIN code. Total users – 10 thousand bicycles and 700 transfers.

The rental network is beneficial to enjoy with short trips. Maps and schemes can be found both on parking points and on the Internet and in mobile applications. If you take bikes for a day or more, it is probably more profitable to find another rental.

Taxi in London

London taxi – famous cabs – no less popular Association with England than two-storey buses. Tariffs for trips Fixed. Taxi can be found on the staff on the streets of the city and at all stations. The car can be called by phone or "Walk hand" outside.

London cabs are required to serve any passenger if the trip does not exceed 20 kilometers or 1 hour. Minimum rate – £ 2,4. The cost rises on travel from airports or airports when ordering by phone, as well as on holidays (in Christmas or New Year’s Eve). In some cars it is possible to pay the card, but it must be clarified when landing, and the price may also be higher.

Water transport

River trams and ferries, which allow you to travel both along the river in the city center or to the other side and the outskirts of the Big London. Total at the Thames 22 pier. Also, several channels are laid around the city, also open to water transport.

Water buses run six routes between Putney and Woolwich Arsenal. In particular, the jets on the Thames are near popular attractions like Tate Britain, Tate Modern, London Bridge, Tower Of London, O2 Concert Hall and Greenwich Peninsula. Tickets are usually bought on the pier, but on some routes they can be purchased on board. TravelCard and Oyster travels allow you to get a discount of 10%.

Funicular

The Emirates Air Line, the Olympic Games of 2012 in London, was allowed, which connects the docks and business quarters in the east of the city and the Greenwich Peninsula on the other side of the Thames. You can pay for both separate tickets and using an Oyster charged card. You can ride both one end and there and back without stopping.

How to get to London Airports

All five airports of the city are connected to the central regions of London Railway. This method is significantly faster ground, as the traffic jams are a bad phenomenon on the streets of the city.

How to get to Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport is associated with Paddington Station HEATHROW CONNECT (£ 5,2-9,9) and Heathrow Express (£ 26). Also at the airport is stretched by the subway (Piccadilly Line Branch), which makes stops from all five terminals.

How to get to Gatwick Airport

Non-stop train express Gatwick Express (£ 19.9) connects the same airport connected to Victoria Station in the center of London. Also on the railway, beside the train station you can get on a slower and stopping, but also a cheaper train of Southern operator. FIRST CAPITAL CONNECT trains make stops on ST. Pancras, Blackfriars and London Bridge.

How to get to Luton Airport

The same operator First Capital Connect, performing the same stops, connects the central part of London from Luton Airport.

How to get to London City Airport

At City Airport, the Lung Metro Branch is extended – DLR, which enters the urban transport system and can be paid to TravelCard and Oyster travel.

How to get to Stansted Airport

Stansted Express trains run without stopping between Stansted Airport and Liverpool Street Station (£ 23.4) or Tottenham Hale train station (£ 21).

How to get to Southend Airport

Southend Airport from the center of London can be reached by suburban trains Abellio Greater Anglia from Liverpool Street Station.

Urban transport in London

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